• Announcements

    • khawk

      Download the Game Design and Indie Game Marketing Freebook   07/19/17

      GameDev.net and CRC Press have teamed up to bring a free ebook of content curated from top titles published by CRC Press. The freebook, Practices of Game Design & Indie Game Marketing, includes chapters from The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, and An Architectural Approach to Level Design. The GameDev.net FreeBook is relevant to game designers, developers, and those interested in learning more about the challenges in game development. We know game development can be a tough discipline and business, so we picked several chapters from CRC Press titles that we thought would be of interest to you, the GameDev.net audience, in your journey to design, develop, and market your next game. The free ebook is available through CRC Press by clicking here. The Curated Books The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, Second Edition, by Jesse Schell Presents 100+ sets of questions, or different lenses, for viewing a game’s design, encompassing diverse fields such as psychology, architecture, music, film, software engineering, theme park design, mathematics, anthropology, and more. Written by one of the world's top game designers, this book describes the deepest and most fundamental principles of game design, demonstrating how tactics used in board, card, and athletic games also work in video games. It provides practical instruction on creating world-class games that will be played again and again. View it here. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, by Joel Dreskin Marketing is an essential but too frequently overlooked or minimized component of the release plan for indie games. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing provides you with the tools needed to build visibility and sell your indie games. With special focus on those developers with small budgets and limited staff and resources, this book is packed with tangible recommendations and techniques that you can put to use immediately. As a seasoned professional of the indie game arena, author Joel Dreskin gives you insight into practical, real-world experiences of marketing numerous successful games and also provides stories of the failures. View it here. An Architectural Approach to Level Design This is one of the first books to integrate architectural and spatial design theory with the field of level design. The book presents architectural techniques and theories for level designers to use in their own work. It connects architecture and level design in different ways that address the practical elements of how designers construct space and the experiential elements of how and why humans interact with this space. Throughout the text, readers learn skills for spatial layout, evoking emotion through gamespaces, and creating better levels through architectural theory. View it here. Learn more and download the ebook by clicking here. Did you know? GameDev.net and CRC Press also recently teamed up to bring GDNet+ Members up to a 20% discount on all CRC Press books. Learn more about this and other benefits here.
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0
??????? ?????

Vertex declarations give linkage errors

1 post in this topic

I'm not sure if this is the right forum category for this(since linkage errors aren't only for DirectX)

The problem is,in my vertex declaration header:
[CODE]
#pragma once
#include <d3dx9.h>
void InitAllVertexDeclarations();
void DestroyAllVertexDeclarations();
struct VertexPos
{
VertexPos():pos(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f){}
VertexPos(float x, float y, float z):pos(x,y,z){}
VertexPos(const D3DXVECTOR3& v):pos(v){}
D3DXVECTOR3 pos;
static IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* Decl;
};
struct VertexCol
{
VertexCol():pos(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f),col(0x00000000){}
VertexCol(float x, float y, float z, D3DCOLOR c):pos(x,y,z), col(c){}
VertexCol(const D3DXVECTOR3& v, D3DCOLOR c):pos(v),col(c){}
D3DXVECTOR3 pos;
D3DCOLOR col;
static IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* Decl;
};
struct VertexPN
{
VertexPN()
:pos(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f),
normal(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f){}
VertexPN(float x, float y, float z,
float nx, float ny, float nz):pos(x,y,z), normal(nx,ny,nz){}
VertexPN(const D3DXVECTOR3& v, const D3DXVECTOR3& n)
:pos(v),normal(n){}
D3DXVECTOR3 pos;
D3DXVECTOR3 normal;
static IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* Decl;
};
struct VertexPNT
{
VertexPNT()
:pos(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f),
normal(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f),
tex0(0.0f, 0.0f){}
VertexPNT(float x, float y, float z,
float nx, float ny, float nz,
float u, float v):pos(x,y,z), normal(nx,ny,nz), tex0(u,v){}
VertexPNT(const D3DXVECTOR3& v, const D3DXVECTOR3& n, const D3DXVECTOR2& uv)
:pos(v),normal(n), tex0(uv){}
D3DXVECTOR3 pos;
D3DXVECTOR3 normal;
D3DXVECTOR2 tex0;
static IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* Decl;
};
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPos::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexCol::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPN::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPNT::Decl = 0;
[/CODE]

i have used

[CODE]
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPos::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexCol::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPN::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPNT::Decl = 0;
[/CODE] and then the header is used by the Terrain header,which in turn is used by the Camera header.Now i checked all other possibilities,there is no other place where this problem could originate.The problem is IntelliSense says all these structs are alredy defined in the .obj-s where ''Vertex.h'' is used:

[attachment=8685:error.png]
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
[code]
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPos::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexCol::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPN::Decl = 0;
IDirect3DVertexDeclaration9* VertexPNT::Decl = 0;
[/code]

You can't define static variables like this in a header file, otherwise they will get defined in every translation unit that includes the header (which is why you get the "already defined error"). You need to define them in a cpp file.
0

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0