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cold_heats_.--.

[OOP] problem

4 posts in this topic

Hi.I'm fairly new to OOP and I can't seem to avoid this problem.
I created a base class which has data members and all the functions, except the constructor, are virtual.I want to derive new classes from it, but I get an error when compiling.

The header for the base class :
[CODE]
#ifndef GAMEAPP_H
#define GAMEAPP_H
#define nmax 128
#include<SDL/SDL.h>
#include<fstream.h>
class CGameApp
{
public:
SDL_Surface *backgv[nmax];
SDL_Surface *btnv[nmax];
char backgloc[nmax][100];
char btnloc[nmax][100];
ifstream backgf, btnf;
int backgn,btnn,currentbackg;
CGameApp(){};
virtual ~CGameApp(){};
virtual void modify();
virtual void initialize();
virtual void show();
virtual void free();
};
#endif
[/CODE]

The header for the derived class:
[CODE]
#ifndef MAINMENU_H
#define MAINMENU_H
#include "CGameApp.h"

class CMainMenu : public CGameApp
{
public:
CMainMenu(char *backgfile, char *btnfile)
{backgf.open(backgfile);btnf.open(btnfile);}
CMainMenu(){}
~CMainMenu(){backgf.close();btnf.close();}
void initialize();
void modify();
void execute();
void free();
void show();
};
#endif
[/CODE]

Definitions for the derived class:
[CODE]
#include "CMainMenu.h"

void CMainMenu :: initialize()
{
int i;
backgf>>backgn;
for(i=1;i<=backgn;i++)
backgf>>backgloc[i];
btnf>>btnn;
for(i=1;i<=btnn;i++)
btnf>>btnloc[i];
}
void CMainMenu :: modify()
{
if(currentbackg<backgn)
++currentbackg;
else
currentbackg = 1;
}
void CMainMenu :: free()
{
}
void CMainMenu :: execute()
{
}
void CMainMenu :: show()
{
}
[/CODE]

And the main :
[CODE]
#include "CMainMenu.h"
int main(int argc,char *argv[])
{
CMainMenu obj1;
//ofstream g("test.out");
return 0;
}
[/CODE]

The error is at the last line of the main source .The linker gives this .

E:/Programs/ProiecteSDL/BasicGameTemplate/main.cpp:8: undefined reference to `vtable for CGameApp'
obj\Debug\main.o(.text$_ZN8CGameAppD2Ev+0x3a):E:/Programs/ProiecteSDL/BasicGameTemplate/main.cpp:8: undefined reference to `vtable for CGameApp'

What am I doing wrong ?
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You declared functions modify, initialize, show and free in CGameApp, but you never defined them, which could be the cause for your error. Either provide a definition, or declare them as pure virtual using the following syntax :

[CODE] virtual void modify() = 0;[/CODE]
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I defined them and it works. Thank you [img]http://public.gamedev.net//public/style_emoticons/default/smile.png[/img]
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Also, your variable and function names are not clear. The only purpose of a variable or function name is to denote, clearly and simply, what the variable or function is.

Name your variables like they'll be read by a homicidal psychotic who knows where you live.

(That'll make more sense and be funny once you have more experience with debugging your own code three months later).
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