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count++ & infinite loop

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Working through java, a beginners guide 5th ed one of the examples:

[source lang="java"]public class forDemo {

// Demonstrates the for loop


public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
int count;

for (count = 0; count < 5; count = count + 1);
System.out.println( "This is count: " + count);
System.out.println( "Done!");



}

}[/source]

The author goes on to say that the example is not good programming and that you will not see programmers use that example, you would probably se this instead: count++.

But when I run it with the latter:

[source lang="java"]
public class forDemo {

// Demonstrates the for loop


public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
int count;

for (count = 0; count < 5; count = count++);
System.out.println( "This is count: " + count);
System.out.println( "Done!");




}

}
[/source]

it runs "this is count: 0 infinitely

thanks for any help.

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It's just [i]count++[/i], not [i]count=count++[/i]. It's not better programming per se, just shorter. I don't use it the way you have, but if I recall correctly the return value of [i]count++[/i] is count, whereas the return value of [i]++count[/i] is count+1.

It makes more sense as below:
[source lang="java"]int count = 0;
count++; // count is 1 after this
++count; // count is 2 after this
int a = count++; // a is 2, count is 3 after this
int b = ++count; // b is 4, count is 4 after this
[/source] Edited by jefferytitan

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To be honest, I'm not sure why [b]count = count++;[/b] isn't working (even though you should only write it as count++). It looks like it could be language specific behaviour

What should happen is count is assigned the value of count, then it is incremented by 1.


count = count++ //1
count = count++ //2

I'm interested as to why this isn't true in java

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When I write:
[source lang="java"]for (count = 0; count < 5; count++);[/source]
it gives me: [size="2"]This is count: 5[/size]

[size="2"]From what the author says it's suppose to display the exact loop as the first example:[/size]

[source lang="java"] for (count = 0; count < 5; count = count +1);[/source]

thanks again.

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Another thing, if you put a semicolon after a loop statement it turns the loop into a empty loop (since the semicolon by itself is simply the null statement). To fix this problem you need to get rid of the semicolon after the for statement (but only after the for statement).

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Um... nevermind. I guess this is why you should check the code first!

[b][color="#006699"]for[/color][/b] [color="#000000"](count = [/color][color="#009900"]0[/color][color="#000000"]; count < [/color][color="#009900"]5[/color][color="#000000"]; count = count + [/color][color="#009900"]1[/color][color="#000000"]); <<<<<semicolon - that's why it didn't work. sorry guys.[/color]

[quote name='jefferytitan' timestamp='1345091194' post='4970050']
It's just [i]count++[/i], not [i]count=count++[/i]. It's not better programming per se, just shorter. I don't use it the way you have, but if I recall correctly the return value of [i]count++[/i] is count, whereas the return value of [i]++count[/i] is count+1.

It makes more sense as below:
[source lang="java"]int count = 0;
count++; // count is 1 after this
++count; // count is 2 after this
int a = count++; // a is 2, count is 3 after this
int b = ++count; // b is 4, count is 4 after this
[/source]
[/quote]

So would that be more relevant, er... a better writing of that code? I just don't want to get into the habit of writing code people may frown upon.

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[quote name='RulerOfNothing' timestamp='1345092384' post='4970057']
Another thing, if you put a semicolon after a loop statement it turns the loop into a empty loop (since the semicolon by itself is simply the null statement). To fix this problem you need to get rid of the semicolon after the for statement (but only after the for statement).
[/quote]

Yeah I just got that as you posted. Thanks Ruler

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The traditional way is as stated:
for (count = 0; count < 5; count++)

I was just pointing out that it won't make your code in any way faster or better, just more concise.

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The result of the expression 'count++' is the value of count [i]before[/i] incrementing it (0). So a repeated 'count = count++' is basically the same as saying 'count = 0'.
'count = ++count' would give the expected result, although there is no point in assigning count's value to itself. Edited by eppo

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[quote name='eppo' timestamp='1345107051' post='4970096']
The result of the expression 'count++' is the value of count [i]before[/i] incrementing it (0). So a repeated 'count = count++' is basically the same as saying 'count = 0'.
'count = ++count' would give the expected result, although there is no point in assigning count's value to itself.
[/quote]

no its not. True, you assigning it 0 but then you increment it by 1.

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The problem is as stated above, the semicolon. You need to take that out. It's also good practice to add brackets after the for statement even if there is only one statement. What your code is doing is looping your entire for, and then printing out the result.

For example:

[code]
For (i=0;i<5;i++)
{
System.out.print("test: " + i);
}
[/code]

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[quote name='dimitri.adamou' timestamp='1345117054' post='4970116']
no its not. True, you assigning it 0 but then you increment it by 1.
[/quote]

The typical implementation of a post increment would look like this:

tmp = count;
count = count + 1;
return tmp;

So no, you're not assigning first and then increment, you store the original value, then increment and the actual assignment is a completely different operator that happens last. In fact, one might argue that any compiler optimizing this code in a way that behaves the way you expect could be considered broken. You can't interrupt one operator (++) halfway through to squeeze in a different operator (=) and then go back to finish the first one.

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[quote name='dimitri.adamou' timestamp='1345117054' post='4970116']
no its not. True, you assigning it 0 but then you increment it by 1.
[/quote]
In Java, both sides of a non-short circuit binary operator are fully evaluated, including side effects, before the operator is applied. In this case it means that count is incremented [i]before[/i] assignment occurs, not after.

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[quote name='SiCrane' timestamp='1345119916' post='4970131']
[quote name='dimitri.adamou' timestamp='1345117054' post='4970116']
no its not. True, you assigning it 0 but then you increment it by 1.
[/quote]
In Java, both sides of a non-short circuit binary operator are fully evaluated, including side effects, before the operator is applied. In this case it means that count is incremented [i]before[/i] assignment occurs, not after.
[/quote]

thank you that makes more sense.

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