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gp521

Trouble with Quaternion camera motion.

3 posts in this topic

Hi all, I hope someone can help. I'm having trouble getting my Quaternion based camera to move correctly. I've been working at this code for a while and searching for answers to no avail. Rotating the camera works perfectly, but where I'm having an issue is with moving the camera forward.

Basically how it should work is that I want it to move forward in the direction the camera is pointing and move freely in any direction, like a camera should in a space sim. Current controls are pitch and yaw, for now there is no roll control.

Currently, pitching and yawing works correctly for a while, the camera flys and objects appear to move correctly, but after a few pitches or yaws around with the camera, eventually the objects end up moving in some direction that makes no sense, for example sideways to the camera or away from it. I can't figure out how to fix this. Any advice or help on this would be greatly appreciated!

How I'm trying to do this is like this:

// For each frame

// Convert the Quaternion to Euler vector, this seems to be correct, the vector always points in the direction the camera is facing.
Vector3 vec = QuatenionToEuler(quaternion); // vector returned is 0 to -PI PI

// Get worldview rotation matrix from the quaterion.
Matrix4 matrix = QuaternionToMatrix4(quaternion);

// Update the camera position.
/***** Something is wrong here, how to fix? ******/
cam_pos.x -= sin(vec.x) * forwardspeed * dt;
cam_pos.y += sin(vec.y) * forwardspeed * dt;
cam_pos.z += cos(vec.x) * cos(vec.y) * forwardspeed * dt;

// translate the worldview matrix.
matrix = Matrix4Translate(matrix, cam_pos.x, cam_pos.y, cam_pos.z);
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Instead of extracting the eulwr angles, I just create a rotation matrix from the quaternion, and then multiply it by vec3(0,0,-1) for forward, vec3(1,0,0) for right, etc
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Thanks for the advice, I got it working, my ship is flying! I didn't quite go this approach, but it got me to abandon the convert to euler dead end and think about this differently. The answer turned out to be quite simple actually, the rotation matrix contains the direction! Here's my modified code:

// For each frame

// Get worldview rotation matrix from the quaterion.
Matrix4 matrix = QuaternionToMatrix4(quaternion);

// Update the camera position.
Vector3 forward = Vector3(matrix.m[2], matrix.m[6], matrix.m[10]);
forward = Vector3Normalize(forward);

cam_pos.x += forward.x * speed * dt;
cam_pos.y += forward.y * speed * dt;
cam_pos.z += forward.z * speed * dt;

// translate the worldview matrix.
matrix = Matrix4Translate(matrix, cam_pos.x, cam_pos.y, cam_pos.z); Edited by gp521
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That isn't quite safe. Some matrix transformations will rearrange the 3x3 section of the matrix so that 2,6,10 aren't the three components.
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