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Sending a simple heightmap as texture to vertex shader

3 posts in this topic


I am developing a fractal terrain generation based on an original 256x256 heightmap.
I need to use a texture to represent this heightmap, together with other gradients in each point, that is, 3 floats per 'texel'.

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////in the vertex shader, I am doing:

uniform sampler2D TexHeightMap;

vec4 GetVertCellParameters( uint i, uint j )
return texture( TexHeightMap, vec2( i, j ) ) * 2500.0f;

the * 2500.0f multiplication was used just to make sure the values are not somewhere between 0-1; in the final code,
the function will just return texture( TexHeightMap, vec2( i, j ) );

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////in the CPU, I am using:

void GLTexture::CreateHTExture( const void* pvBytes, unsigned int unW, unsigned int unH )
glEnable( GL_TEXTURE_2D );
glGenTextures( 1, &m_uglID );
glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D , m_uglID );
glTexImage2D( GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB32F, unW + 1, unH + 1, 0, GL_RGB, GL_FLOAT, pvBytes );

glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D );
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D , pTexture->GetID());
glUniform1i(m_ugl_HeightMapTexture, 0);

pTexture is of type GLTexture;

m_ugl_HeightMapTexture = glGetUniformLocation(m_uglProgram, "TexHeightMap");

for some reason, I am only getting zeros in the vertex shader ( when calling GetVertCellParameters ).
I checked the parameters pvBytes with memory view and they look fine.
I just need to get the float values, unmodified, just as I send them, in the vertex shader, and access them via texture as vec4.

Thank you.

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You should use glGetError() when having problems (be warned that it automatically sets the error value to 0 after returning the value). Your problem is probably described at OpenGL Wiki http://www.opengl.org/wiki/Common_Mistakes#Creating_a_complete_texture – you HAVE to set GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER to GL_NEAREST (returns pixelated texture) or GL_LINEAR (returns average of the four texels). That makes your texture incomplete to OpenGL. You want GL_LINEAR for your heightmap (so the slopes are nice).

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I don't need 'nice slopes', since my grid of 256x256 is much smaller than my 3d world. I am using interpolation functions to create the smooth surface. I just want every texel to contain 3 floats and I want o access them as memory data. Here is a snippet from my shader:


unsigned int i = (uint)floor( yn );
unsigned int j = (uint)floor( xn );

float u = fract(xn);
float v = fract(yn);

i --;
v = 1;
j --;
u = 1;
vec4 vH00 = GetVertCellParameters( i, j );
vec4 vH10 = GetVertCellParameters( i + 1u, j );
vec4 vH01 = GetVertCellParameters( i, j + 1u );
vec4 vH11 = GetVertCellParameters( i + 1u, j + 1u );
/*do something with the vec4's
they contain infos of height values in i, j cell and gradient information

it seems there are problems if some of those values are negative - the rendering looks somehow like it renders part of the scene and then stops rendering anything else in a certain point.

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