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Mesh Picking Accuracy Problem

1 post in this topic

Hi,

I'm having some accuracy issues with my mesh picking code. The problem im getting is that sometimes a mesh behind another mesh will be selected, instead of the front-most mesh.

Just some quick background as to how my meshes have been created and rendered. My application essentially renders a bunch of beams and columns in a 3D model (CAD type application). The beams and columns are my meshes. The mesh is created at the world original with a standard length of 1000mm. I store a transformation matrix for each beam mesh (that i call the world transform matrix) that is passed to the shader. The shader uses the world transformation matrix to scale, rotate and translate the mesh into the correct world position.

Since my meshes vertices are not defined in the correct world positions (remember that each mesh is created at the origin with a standard length), I had to do something a bit different for my picking calculations. I essenitally multiplied my beam world transform matrix by the camera world-view-projection (WVP) matrix. I then use this combined matrix in my Vector3.Unproject method to determien the ray position and direction.

For the most part, my code works really well. However, there are a few beams that are not selected correctly. I have uploaded some images showing the problem. The image showing the picking working as it should can be found here ([url="http://img209.imageshack.us/img209/5971/correct.png"]correctIMG[/url]), the image showing incorrect behaviour can be found here ([url="http://img18.imageshack.us/img18/2397/incorrectm.png"]incorrectIMG[/url]). A beam that has been highlighted/selected is drawn in white. The white cross-hair denotes my mouse cursor location. Also see my picking code below (VB.Net).

Any help would be great. Thanks.

[CODE]
Private Sub HighlightBeam(ByVal e As Point)

If D3Ddev Is Nothing Then
Return
End If

'local variables
Dim beam As elemental.Beam = Nothing
Dim prop As elemental.BeamProperty = Nothing
Dim selectedBeamID As Integer = Nothing
Dim IsHit As Boolean = False
Dim hitSuccess As Boolean = False
Dim WVP As Matrix = Nothing
Dim vp As Viewport = Me.Model.Camera.Viewport
Dim octNode As elemental.OctNode = Nothing
Dim beamMesh As Mesh = Nothing
Dim hitDistance As Single = 0.0F
Dim prevHitDistance As Single = Single.MaxValue


'perform hit tests for all objects contained in the model bounding box
For Each octNodeID In Me.Model.Octree.SelectedOctNodeList

'select the current octnode
octNode = Me.Model.Octree.OctNodeTable(octNodeID)

'do nothing if the octnode contains no beams
If octNode.BeamIDList Is Nothing OrElse octNode.BeamIDList.Count = 0 Then
Continue For
End If

'loop through beams contained in this octnode
For Each beamID In octNode.BeamIDList

'retrieve beam
beam = Me.Model.BeamTable(beamID)
prop = Me.Model.BeamPropertyTable(beam.BeamPropertyID)

'perform no action if beam is hidden
If Not beam.IsVisible Then
Continue For
End If

'get the beam mesh template.
If prop.SectionType = elemental.BeamSectionType.ISection Then
beamMesh = Me.Model.GetISectionMesh(prop.ID, 1)
ElseIf prop.SectionType = elemental.BeamSectionType.CircularHollow Then
beamMesh = Me.Model.GetCHSMesh(prop.ID, Me.Model.Settings.Beams.CircleFacets, Me.Model.Settings.Beams.CurveSegments)
ElseIf prop.SectionType = elemental.BeamSectionType.LipChannel Then
beamMesh = Me.Model.GetLipChannelMesh(prop.ID, 1)
ElseIf prop.SectionType = elemental.BeamSectionType.LSection Then
beamMesh = Me.Model.GetLSectionMesh(prop.ID, 1)
ElseIf prop.SectionType = elemental.BeamSectionType.CircularSolid Then
beamMesh = Me.Model.GetCircularSolidMesh(prop.ID, Me.Model.Settings.Beams.CircleFacets, Me.Model.Settings.Beams.CurveSegments)
Else
'dispose unmanaged resources
beamMesh.Dispose()
Return
End If

'direction of the ray.
Dim rayPos As New Vector3(e.X, e.Y, 0.0F)
Dim rayDir As New Vector3(e.X, e.Y, 1.0F)


'world-view-projection transform
WVP = beam.WorldTransform * Me.Model.Camera.WVP

'ray data
rayPos = Vector3.Unproject(rayPos, vp.X, vp.Y, vp.Width, vp.Height, vp.MinZ, vp.MaxZ, WVP)
rayDir = Vector3.Unproject(rayDir, vp.X, vp.Y, vp.Width, vp.Height, vp.MinZ, vp.MaxZ, WVP)
rayDir = Vector3.Subtract(rayDir, rayPos)
rayDir = Vector3.Normalize(rayDir)


'hit test
IsHit = beamMesh.Intersects(New Ray(rayPos, rayDir), hitDistance)
'on hit occurence, record the selected beam ID
If IsHit Then

'record that a hit was observed
hitSuccess = True


'if beam is closer than the previous hit success, select this beam instead
If hitDistance < prevHitDistance Then

'track hit distance for all selected members to determine which one is in front of the other
prevHitDistance = hitDistance
selectedBeamID = beam.ID
End If
End If

'dispose unmanaged resources
beamMesh.Dispose()


Next beamID

Next octNodeID


'on hit success, update selected beams
If hitSuccess Then

'unhighlight the last highlighted beam
If Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID <> 0 Then
Me.Model.BeamTable(Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID).IsHighlighted = False
End If


'update selected beam table
If Not Me.Model.BeamTable(selectedBeamID).IsHighlighted Then
Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID = selectedBeamID
Me.Model.BeamTable(selectedBeamID).IsHighlighted = True
End If
Else

'unhighlight the last highlighted beam
If Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID <> 0 Then
Me.Model.BeamTable(Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID).IsHighlighted = False
Highlight_LastHighlightedBeamID = 0
End If
End If
End Sub
[/CODE]
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Found the problem, although i don't really understand why it was a problem.

Basically i deleted the line : rayDir = Vector3.Normalize(rayDir)

So i don't normalized the ray direction at all anymore.

Now it works perfectly. Go figure.
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