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fip

OpenGL
dramatic fps drop when using transparent texture

39 posts in this topic

Hi all,
it's my first post here and i plan to be more participative from now on.
Ill start with a problem i have in one application i did in visual C+GLUT+OpenGL.
As the title states, i have a dramatic drop in frames per second when using a single BMP texture with transparency and i think maybe the problem is that im not using the texture mapping correctly.

Without the displaying of transparent texture i get 50 frames per second which for me is okay. You can notice that the grass has a texture and also the sharks have dotted texture as skin.
[attachment=12710:fps 50.jpg]

In the following picture i draw the water walls i want without transparency i get 30 frames per second (20 fps drop) i dont understand why but anyway 30 fps seems to me a good framerate.
[attachment=12709:fps 30.jpg]

Now in this third image i add transparency for the water walls you can see the drop to 9 fps!!! And this i can't understand as i know dealing with transparency is one of the hardest things for GPUs but common, im using only one texture in 4 quads!!!!!
[attachment=12708:fps 9.jpg]

Here is the code i use:

[source lang="cpp"]void PintarCortinillasAgua(TcajaHueca *recinto, Tcontrol * control)
{
glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glPushMatrix();

if(control->texturas == VERDADERO)
{
glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
glEnable(GL_BLEND);

glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, tex_agua.tex_Id);

glBlendFunc(GL_SRC_ALPHA,GL_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA);
glBegin(GL_POLYGON);//plano Zmax
glColor4f(1,1,1,0.4f);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glEnd();
glBegin(GL_POLYGON); //plano Xmax
glColor4f(1,1,1,0.4f);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glEnd();
glBegin(GL_POLYGON); //plano Zmin
glColor4f(1,1,1,0.4f);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->max[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glEnd();
glBegin(GL_POLYGON); //plano Xmin
glColor4f(1,1,1,0.4f);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 0 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->min[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 5, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->max[Z]);
glTexCoord2f( 0, 2 + offset_agua);
glVertex3f(recinto->min[X], recinto->max[Y], recinto->min[Z]);
glEnd();
glDisable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
glDisable(GL_BLEND);
}
glPopMatrix();
}[/source]
The texture is a BMP image in REPEAT mode with blending set with glColor4f(1,1,1,0.4f).
Also i animate the texture mapping with an offset in the y direction to simulate falling water but this does not affect the fps drop.

What am i doing wrong??
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Okay i can say that i forgot to disable the GL_DEPTH_TEST and enable it at the end
[source lang="java"]glEnable(GL_BLEND)
glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

(draw stuff)

glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
glDisable(GL_BLEND);[/source]

I have ordered the drawing of the walls, first the 2 walls from the back and at last the 2 walls from the front, and apparently it works.....
[attachment=12717:fps 26 front.jpg]

... if it wasnt by the fact that i can rotate around Y axis and this is what happens:
[attachment=12716:fps 25 rotation problem.jpg]

now my back walls when i rotate around vertical Y axis the grass appears because it is rendered AFTER the back walls.


1. - What can i do to solve this problem? I can't find the correct draw order.
2. - If i dont disable GL_DEPTH_TESTING i get the correct behaviour but i get 9 fps!!!!
3. - I dont have anymore 9 fps but 25fps, why is this if i had at the beginning without the walls 55 fps? Why such difference in performance? Edited by fip
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What sort of graphics card are you using, and what sort of resolution and anti-aliasing setup is there?

The only explanation I can think of is that you're woefully fill rate bound, but I can't see how this scene could possibly cause that situation on a desktop graphics card (maybe an iPad1, but not anything else).

Plus a quick stupid question - you're not accidentally rendering the transparent quads multiple times are you?
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Your fps will always be garbage in intermediate mode, try using a draw list or vbo.
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In addition to the above, you shouldn't measure performance in FPS - measure in milliseconds or microseconds. FPS measurements can be deceptive; an increase from 55 FPS to 60 FPS (a gain of 1.5 ms a frame) is not the same increase as from 60 FPS to 65 FPS (a gain of 1.2 ms a frame).
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Can you post the output of glGetString(GL_VENDOR) ? If it is Microsoft, then you are running on some kind of emulation and need to install the drivers for your graphics card.
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Why are you using GL_POLYGON? you seem to be using just quads replacing GL_POLYGON with GL_QUADS should be faster. Also get rid of those extra glbegin/glend's in between each face.
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[quote name='Ohforf sake' timestamp='1355174772' post='5009202']
Can you post the output of glGetString(GL_VENDOR) ? If it is Microsoft, then you are running on some kind of emulation and need to install the drivers for your graphics card.
[/quote]

Ahh that's it!! i got "microsoft corporation" for GL_VENDOR and "GDI generic" for GL_RENDERER query!!.

Now, im running the app in a laptop Dell XPS17 with integrated graphics card and an Nvidia GT555m card, maybe the problem is im not choosing the right graphics card for running the app.

Now how the heck i do that?

[quote name='ic0de' timestamp='1355199754' post='5009310']
Why are you using GL_POLYGON? you seem to be using just quads replacing GL_POLYGON with GL_QUADS should be faster. Also get rid of those extra glbegin/glend's in between each face.
[/quote]
Yeah you re right ill change it, thanks.[quote name='Kaze' timestamp='1355167357' post='5009164']
Your fps will always be garbage in intermediate mode, try using a draw list or vbo.
[/quote]

Display lists seem interesting ill dig into that. This was my first attempt messing with OpenGL
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[quote name='Kaze' timestamp='1355167357' post='5009164']
Your fps will always be garbage in intermediate mode, try using a draw list or vbo.
[/quote]

No no no no no.

Immediate mode is slower than the other methods for sure, but it's not [i]that[/i] much slower. You don't get such dramatic framerate drops from it, particularly with such a simple scene (as polycounts [i]really[/i] ramp up it's expected, but with basic scenes it's performance is roughly equivalent to the others). Remember - Quake used immediate mode and didn't suffer overly much from it.

Please don't recommend VBOs (or display lists) as a "solution" every time you see immediate mode code - the real cause of the problem may very well be elsewhere (as, indeed, it was in this case).

I'm [i]not[/i] advising that it's OK to use immediate mode here, by the way; I [i]am[/i] recommending that you should properly diagnose the problem before recommending a solution, rather than jump to conclusions.

[quote name='fip' timestamp='1355229220' post='5009392']
Now how the heck i do that?
[/quote]

You should have an option to select the GPU to use in your NVIDIA control panel. It's also worthwhile downloading updated drivers for your machine as the absence of a proper OpenGL driver for the integrated card suggests that you're on an OEM driver; visit http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us to get a proper updated driver. Edited by mhagain
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[quote name='mhagain' timestamp='1355234510' post='5009420']
[quote name='Kaze' timestamp='1355167357' post='5009164']
Your fps will always be garbage in intermediate mode, try using a draw list or vbo.
[/quote]

No no no no no.

Immediate mode is slower than the other methods for sure, but it's not [i]that[/i] much slower. You don't get such dramatic framerate drops from it, particularly with such a simple scene (as polycounts [i]really[/i] ramp up it's expected, but with basic scenes it's performance is roughly equivalent to the others). Remember - Quake used immediate mode and didn't suffer overly much from it.

Please don't recommend VBOs (or display lists) as a "solution" every time you see immediate mode code - the real cause of the problem may very well be elsewhere (as, indeed, it was in this case).

I'm [i]not[/i] advising that it's OK to use immediate mode here, by the way; I [i]am[/i] recommending that you should properly diagnose the problem before recommending a solution, rather than jump to conclusions.
[/quote]

Graphics card makers only optimize their hardware for vbo's these days so its not unreasonable to assume legacy functions can cause all sorts of performance problems. Edited by Kaze
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[quote name='fip' timestamp='1355229220' post='5009392']Ahh that's it!! i got "microsoft corporation" for GL_VENDOR and "GDI generic" for GL_RENDERER query!!.

Now, im running the app in a laptop Dell XPS17 with integrated graphics card and an Nvidia GT555m card, maybe the problem is im not choosing the right graphics card for running the app.<br /><br />Now how the heck i do that?[/quote][quote name='mhagain' timestamp='1355234510' post='5009420']It's also worthwhile downloading updated drivers for your machine[/quote]
^ This.

I encountered the same problem when I moved to Windows 8. Apparently Windows 8 thinks its half-baked display driver is better than the drivers provided by my graphic card's manufacturer...
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Hi, i have the nvidia control panel where i can select the .exe file related to whichever game i want to play and select which of the two video cards runs the game.

For game and other applications like adobe creative suite it works and it's the nvidia graphics card taking charge of.

But ive tried setting my application *.exe file in the list, and still wont run in the nvidia gt555m!! my Nvidia notifier says there are no programs running with the nvidia gpu plus the console spits out again GDI GENERIC plus no changes in fps of the app so it's definitely not working for me this way.

I've searched the internet but all i have found is people not knowing how to put the *.exe from a game in the list of the nvidia control panel, nothing about any programmer trying to run his own exe file in the nvidia gpu.......

Any ideas? Edited by fip
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[quote name='Kaze' timestamp='1355246060' post='5009455']
Graphics card makers only optimize their hardware for vbo's these days so its not unreasonable to assume legacy functions can cause all sorts of performance problems.
[/quote]

Quake still runs well on a modern GPU (which is likely to be emulating immediate mode in the driver by filling a dynamic VBO behind the scenes) - certainly much faster than the single-digit framerates that the OP is reporting, and with much more complex geometry, translucency, etc. Yes, you're right that it's not unreasonable to make that assumption, but when actual hard data invalidates the assumption (for this class of simple scene) then you do need to reconsider.
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Ive downloaded lesson01 from nehe.gamedev.net opengl tutorials, the one that simply creates a window with rendering context and have noticed that the exe is being run by the nvidia gpu!!!

So, i guess it has to do either with the way glut manages window either with any initialization parameter im not setting properly..........

What do you guys think?
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[quote name='fip' timestamp='1355249103' post='5009478']
So, i guess it has to do either with the way glut manages window either with any initialization parameter im not setting properly..........
[/quote]

Definitely possible. One unfortunate thing that many GLUT examples I've seen do is create a single-buffered context, and it may be the case that your NVIDIA GPU/driver is unable to give you a hardware accelerated one. If that sounds like something you may have in your code then switching it to double-buffered (using GLUT_DOUBLE during startup and adding a call to glutSwapBuffers at the end of each frame) may be all that you need. Also worth checking the bit depth you request for your colour and depth buffers (not sure if you can control this via GLUT though).
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I have double buffer specified in glut.

Ive spent some time porting my application to use SDL + OPENGL for window managing and input, and again i dont know why my gpu is not the GL_RENDERER i have again "GDI generic" !!!!

I have missed to try just creating a window in SDL and see if it renders on the gpu, ill try this tomorrow.

Maybe im using some opengl command that causes the software rendering?
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is it possible to post your window creation code, pretty much all the code upto when you check the vendor, and hopefully we can point out the problem.
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Hi,
Ive tested this SDL simple example and it doesnt run in my gpu neither.... although it initializes the video mode with SDL_OPENGL

example from [url="http://lazyfoo.net/SDL_tutorials/lesson36/index.php"]http://lazyfoo.net/SDL_tutorials/lesson36/index.php[/url]

This is driving me nuts.............

I'll post my glut+Opengl window creation & initialization code soon, now i have to leave.

[source lang="cpp"]/*This source code copyrighted by Lazy Foo' Productions (2004-2012)
and may not be redistributed without written permission.*/

//The headers
#include "SDL.h"
#include "SDL_opengl.h"

//Screen attributes
const int SCREEN_WIDTH = 640;
const int SCREEN_HEIGHT = 480;
const int SCREEN_BPP = 32;

//The frame rate
const int FRAMES_PER_SECOND = 60;

//Event handler
SDL_Event event;

//Rendering flag
bool renderQuad = true;

//The timer
class Timer
{
private:
//The clock time when the timer started
int startTicks;

//The ticks stored when the timer was paused
int pausedTicks;

//The timer status
bool paused;
bool started;

public:
//Initializes variables
Timer();

//The various clock actions
void start();
void stop();
void pause();
void unpause();

//Gets the timer's time
int get_ticks();

//Checks the status of the timer
bool is_started();
bool is_paused();
};

bool initGL()
{
//Initialize Projection Matrix
glMatrixMode( GL_PROJECTION );
glLoadIdentity();

//Initialize Modelview Matrix
glMatrixMode( GL_MODELVIEW );
glLoadIdentity();

//Initialize clear color
glClearColor( 0.f, 0.f, 0.f, 1.f );

//Check for error
GLenum error = glGetError();
if( error != GL_NO_ERROR )
{
printf( "Error initializing OpenGL! %s\n", gluErrorString( error ) );
return false;
}

return true;
}

bool init()
{
//Initialize SDL
if( SDL_Init( SDL_INIT_EVERYTHING ) < 0 )
{
return false;
}

//Create Window
if( SDL_SetVideoMode( SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT, SCREEN_BPP, SDL_OPENGL ) == NULL )
{
return false;
}

//Enable unicode
SDL_EnableUNICODE( SDL_TRUE );

//Initialize OpenGL
if( initGL() == false )
{
return false;
}

//Set caption
SDL_WM_SetCaption( "OpenGL Test", NULL );

return true;
}

void handleKeys( unsigned char key, int x, int y )
{
//Toggle quad
if( key == 'q' )
{
renderQuad = !renderQuad;
}
}

void update()
{

}

void render()
{
//Clear color buffer
glClear( GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT );

//Render quad
if( renderQuad == true )
{
glBegin( GL_QUADS );
glVertex2f( -0.5f, -0.5f );
glVertex2f( 0.5f, -0.5f );
glVertex2f( 0.5f, 0.5f );
glVertex2f( -0.5f, 0.5f );
glEnd();
}

//Update screen
SDL_GL_SwapBuffers();
}

void clean_up()
{
//Quit SDL
SDL_Quit();
}

Timer::Timer()
{
//Initialize the variables
startTicks = 0;
pausedTicks = 0;
paused = false;
started = false;
}

void Timer::start()
{
//Start the timer
started = true;

//Unpause the timer
paused = false;

//Get the current clock time
startTicks = SDL_GetTicks();
}

void Timer::stop()
{
//Stop the timer
started = false;

//Unpause the timer
paused = false;
}

void Timer::pause()
{
//If the timer is running and isn't already paused
if( ( started == true ) &amp;&amp; ( paused == false ) )
{
//Pause the timer
paused = true;

//Calculate the paused ticks
pausedTicks = SDL_GetTicks() - startTicks;
}
}

void Timer::unpause()
{
//If the timer is paused
if( paused == true )
{
//Unpause the timer
paused = false;

//Reset the starting ticks
startTicks = SDL_GetTicks() - pausedTicks;

//Reset the paused ticks
pausedTicks = 0;
}
}

int Timer::get_ticks()
{
//If the timer is running
if( started == true )
{
//If the timer is paused
if( paused == true )
{
//Return the number of ticks when the timer was paused
return pausedTicks;
}
else
{
//Return the current time minus the start time
return SDL_GetTicks() - startTicks;
}
}

//If the timer isn't running
return 0;
}

bool Timer::is_started()
{
return started;
}

bool Timer::is_paused()
{
return paused;
}

int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
{
//Quit flag
bool quit = false;

//Initialize
if( init() == false )
{
return 1;
}

//The frame rate regulator
Timer fps;

//Wait for user exit
while( quit == false )
{
//Start the frame timer
fps.start();

//While there are events to handle
while( SDL_PollEvent( &amp;event ) )
{
if( event.type == SDL_QUIT )
{
quit = true;
}
else if( event.type == SDL_KEYDOWN )
{
//Handle keypress with current mouse position
int x = 0, y = 0;
SDL_GetMouseState( &amp;x, &amp;y );
handleKeys( event.key.keysym.unicode, x, y );
}
}

//Run frame update
update();

//Render frame
render();

//Cap the frame rate
if( fps.get_ticks() < 1000 / FRAMES_PER_SECOND )
{
SDL_Delay( ( 1000 / FRAMES_PER_SECOND ) - fps.get_ticks() );
}
}

//Clean up
clean_up();

return 0;
}
[/source] Edited by fip
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OK, one problem here is that you're using SDL_Delay to control framerate. That's internally implemented as a Sleep call and Sleep is not a good way of controlling framerate (it only specifies a minimum time to sleep for; actual time may be longer, and this will be true even if using a high resolution timer).

That's not going to fix your specific problem with not getting a hardware accelerated GL context, but it is some cleaning up you need to do.

For your GL context problem, I'll have a look over your code later on today and see if I can spot anything (assuming someone else doesn't come up with the solution before then).
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Of course there is a driver problem there because with a scene light that you should run into the 300fps ballpark easily.
Having said that, blending operations will always have a big impact on the scene because simply, they do more work, they have to read the current pixel color, apply the blending function and then write back the colour.
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Hi again,

more testing:
- ive added
[source lang="cpp"]SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_ACCELERATED_VISUAL, 1);[/source]
does not have any effect. I think it should be enough with SDL_OPENGL but just in case.

- i ve run the executable on a notebook with only one GPU and i keep getting the "GDI generic" for GL_RENDERER.
So maybe it's not an issue of having dual gpus, furthermore in case it was using the intel HD integrated graphics card i should be getting "Intel" as the GL_VENDOR right?



[quote name='mhagain' timestamp='1355395381' post='5010151']
OK, one problem here is that you're using SDL_Delay to control framerate.
[/quote]

It's just some code i grabbed from the internet. I dont care right now about this.

[quote name='mhagain' timestamp='1355395381' post='5010151']
For your GL context problem, I'll have a look over your code later on today and see if I can spot anything (assuming someone else doesn't come up with the solution before then).
[/quote]
Thanks for your time, this is the problem i want to fix!!
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I tested this other SDL+Opengl code and still get GDI generic for GL_RENDERER.

[source lang="cpp"]#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>

#include "SDL.h"

#ifdef __MACOS__
#define HAVE_OPENGL
#endif

#define HAVE_OPENGL

#ifdef HAVE_OPENGL

#include "SDL_opengl.h"

/* Undefine this if you want a flat cube instead of a rainbow cube */
#define SHADED_CUBE

/* Define this to be the name of the logo image to use with -logo */
#define LOGO_FILE "icon.bmp"

/* The SDL_OPENGLBLIT interface is deprecated.
The code is still available for benchmark purposes though.
*/

static SDL_bool USE_DEPRECATED_OPENGLBLIT = SDL_FALSE;

static SDL_Surface *global_image = NULL;
static GLuint global_texture = 0;
static GLuint cursor_texture = 0;

/**********************************************************************/

void HotKey_ToggleFullScreen(void)
{
SDL_Surface *screen;

screen = SDL_GetVideoSurface();
if ( SDL_WM_ToggleFullScreen(screen) ) {
printf("Toggled fullscreen mode - now %s\n",
(screen->flags&SDL_FULLSCREEN) ? "fullscreen" : "windowed");
} else {
printf("Unable to toggle fullscreen mode\n");
}
}

void HotKey_ToggleGrab(void)
{
SDL_GrabMode mode;

printf("Ctrl-G: toggling input grab!\n");
mode = SDL_WM_GrabInput(SDL_GRAB_QUERY);
if ( mode == SDL_GRAB_ON ) {
printf("Grab was on\n");
} else {
printf("Grab was off\n");
}
mode = SDL_WM_GrabInput(!mode);
if ( mode == SDL_GRAB_ON ) {
printf("Grab is now on\n");
} else {
printf("Grab is now off\n");
}
}

void HotKey_Iconify(void)
{
printf("Ctrl-Z: iconifying window!\n");
SDL_WM_IconifyWindow();
}

int HandleEvent(SDL_Event *event)
{
int done;

done = 0;
switch( event->type ) {
case SDL_ACTIVEEVENT:
/* See what happened */
printf( "app %s ", event->active.gain ? "gained" : "lost" );
if ( event->active.state & SDL_APPACTIVE ) {
printf( "active " );
} else if ( event->active.state & SDL_APPMOUSEFOCUS ) {
printf( "mouse " );
} else if ( event->active.state & SDL_APPINPUTFOCUS ) {
printf( "input " );
}
printf( "focus\n" );
break;


case SDL_KEYDOWN:
if ( event->key.keysym.sym == SDLK_ESCAPE ) {
done = 1;
}
if ( (event->key.keysym.sym == SDLK_g) &&
(event->key.keysym.mod & KMOD_CTRL) ) {
HotKey_ToggleGrab();
}
if ( (event->key.keysym.sym == SDLK_z) &&
(event->key.keysym.mod & KMOD_CTRL) ) {
HotKey_Iconify();
}
if ( (event->key.keysym.sym == SDLK_RETURN) &&
(event->key.keysym.mod & KMOD_ALT) ) {
HotKey_ToggleFullScreen();
}
printf("key '%s' pressed\n",
SDL_GetKeyName(event->key.keysym.sym));
break;
case SDL_QUIT:
done = 1;
break;
}
return(done);
}

void SDL_GL_Enter2DMode()
{
SDL_Surface *screen = SDL_GetVideoSurface();

/* Note, there may be other things you need to change,
depending on how you have your OpenGL state set up.
*/
glPushAttrib(GL_ENABLE_BIT);
glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
glDisable(GL_CULL_FACE);
glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);

/* This allows alpha blending of 2D textures with the scene */
glEnable(GL_BLEND);
glBlendFunc(GL_SRC_ALPHA, GL_ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA);

glViewport(0, 0, screen->w, screen->h);

glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
glPushMatrix();
glLoadIdentity();

glOrtho(0.0, (GLdouble)screen->w, (GLdouble)screen->h, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);

glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glPushMatrix();
glLoadIdentity();

glTexEnvf(GL_TEXTURE_ENV, GL_TEXTURE_ENV_MODE, GL_DECAL);
}

void SDL_GL_Leave2DMode()
{
glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glPopMatrix();

glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
glPopMatrix();

glPopAttrib();
}

/* Quick utility function for texture creation */
static int power_of_two(int input)
{
int value = 1;

while ( value < input ) {
value <<= 1;
}
return value;
}

GLuint SDL_GL_LoadTexture(SDL_Surface *surface, GLfloat *texcoord)
{
GLuint texture;
int w, h;
SDL_Surface *image;
SDL_Rect area;
Uint32 saved_flags;
Uint8 saved_alpha;

/* Use the surface width and height expanded to powers of 2 */
w = power_of_two(surface->w);
h = power_of_two(surface->h);
texcoord[0] = 0.0f; /* Min X */
texcoord[1] = 0.0f; /* Min Y */
texcoord[2] = (GLfloat)surface->w / w; /* Max X */
texcoord[3] = (GLfloat)surface->h / h; /* Max Y */

image = SDL_CreateRGBSurface(
SDL_SWSURFACE,
w, h,
32,
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_LIL_ENDIAN /* OpenGL RGBA masks */
0x000000FF,
0x0000FF00,
0x00FF0000,
0xFF000000
#else
0xFF000000,
0x00FF0000,
0x0000FF00,
0x000000FF
#endif
);
if ( image == NULL ) {
return 0;
}

/* Save the alpha blending attributes */
saved_flags = surface->flags&(SDL_SRCALPHA|SDL_RLEACCELOK);
saved_alpha = surface->format->alpha;
if ( (saved_flags & SDL_SRCALPHA) == SDL_SRCALPHA ) {
SDL_SetAlpha(surface, 0, 0);
}

/* Copy the surface into the GL texture image */
area.x = 0;
area.y = 0;
area.w = surface->w;
area.h = surface->h;
SDL_BlitSurface(surface, &area, image, &area);

/* Restore the alpha blending attributes */
if ( (saved_flags & SDL_SRCALPHA) == SDL_SRCALPHA ) {
SDL_SetAlpha(surface, saved_flags, saved_alpha);
}

/* Create an OpenGL texture for the image */
glGenTextures(1, &texture);
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_NEAREST);
glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_NEAREST);
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D,
0,
GL_RGBA,
w, h,
0,
GL_RGBA,
GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE,
image->pixels);
SDL_FreeSurface(image); /* No longer needed */

return texture;
}

void DrawLogoCursor(void)
{
static GLfloat texMinX, texMinY;
static GLfloat texMaxX, texMaxY;
static int w, h;
int x, y;

if ( ! cursor_texture ) {
SDL_Surface *image;
GLfloat texcoord[4];

/* Load the image (could use SDL_image library here) */
image = SDL_LoadBMP(LOGO_FILE);
if ( image == NULL ) {
return;
}
w = image->w;
h = image->h;

/* Convert the image into an OpenGL texture */
cursor_texture = SDL_GL_LoadTexture(image, texcoord);

/* Make texture coordinates easy to understand */
texMinX = texcoord[0];
texMinY = texcoord[1];
texMaxX = texcoord[2];
texMaxY = texcoord[3];

/* We don't need the original image anymore */
SDL_FreeSurface(image);

/* Make sure that the texture conversion is okay */
if ( ! cursor_texture ) {
return;
}
}

/* Move the image around */
SDL_GetMouseState(&x, &y);
x -= w/2;
y -= h/2;

/* Show the image on the screen */
SDL_GL_Enter2DMode();
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, cursor_texture);
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP);
glTexCoord2f(texMinX, texMinY); glVertex2i(x, y );
glTexCoord2f(texMaxX, texMinY); glVertex2i(x+w, y );
glTexCoord2f(texMinX, texMaxY); glVertex2i(x, y+h);
glTexCoord2f(texMaxX, texMaxY); glVertex2i(x+w, y+h);
glEnd();
SDL_GL_Leave2DMode();
}

void DrawLogoTexture(void)
{
static GLfloat texMinX, texMinY;
static GLfloat texMaxX, texMaxY;
static int x = 0;
static int y = 0;
static int w, h;
static int delta_x = 1;
static int delta_y = 1;

SDL_Surface *screen = SDL_GetVideoSurface();

if ( ! global_texture ) {
SDL_Surface *image;
GLfloat texcoord[4];

/* Load the image (could use SDL_image library here) */
image = SDL_LoadBMP(LOGO_FILE);
if ( image == NULL ) {
return;
}
w = image->w;
h = image->h;

/* Convert the image into an OpenGL texture */
global_texture = SDL_GL_LoadTexture(image, texcoord);

/* Make texture coordinates easy to understand */
texMinX = texcoord[0];
texMinY = texcoord[1];
texMaxX = texcoord[2];
texMaxY = texcoord[3];

/* We don't need the original image anymore */
SDL_FreeSurface(image);

/* Make sure that the texture conversion is okay */
if ( ! global_texture ) {
return;
}
}

/* Move the image around */
x += delta_x;
if ( x < 0 ) {
x = 0;
delta_x = -delta_x;
} else
if ( (x+w) > screen->w ) {
x = screen->w-w;
delta_x = -delta_x;
}
y += delta_y;
if ( y < 0 ) {
y = 0;
delta_y = -delta_y;
} else
if ( (y+h) > screen->h ) {
y = screen->h-h;
delta_y = -delta_y;
}

/* Show the image on the screen */
SDL_GL_Enter2DMode();
glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, global_texture);
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP);
glTexCoord2f(texMinX, texMinY); glVertex2i(x, y );
glTexCoord2f(texMaxX, texMinY); glVertex2i(x+w, y );
glTexCoord2f(texMinX, texMaxY); glVertex2i(x, y+h);
glTexCoord2f(texMaxX, texMaxY); glVertex2i(x+w, y+h);
glEnd();
SDL_GL_Leave2DMode();
}

/* This code is deprecated, but available for speed comparisons */
void DrawLogoBlit(void)
{
static int x = 0;
static int y = 0;
static int w, h;
static int delta_x = 1;
static int delta_y = 1;

SDL_Rect dst;
SDL_Surface *screen = SDL_GetVideoSurface();

if ( global_image == NULL ) {
SDL_Surface *temp;

/* Load the image (could use SDL_image library here) */
temp = SDL_LoadBMP(LOGO_FILE);
if ( temp == NULL ) {
return;
}
w = temp->w;
h = temp->h;

/* Convert the image into the screen format */
global_image = SDL_CreateRGBSurface(
SDL_SWSURFACE,
w, h,
screen->format->BitsPerPixel,
screen->format->Rmask,
screen->format->Gmask,
screen->format->Bmask,
screen->format->Amask);
if ( global_image ) {
SDL_BlitSurface(temp, NULL, global_image, NULL);
}
SDL_FreeSurface(temp);

/* Make sure that the texture conversion is okay */
if ( ! global_image ) {
return;
}
}

/* Move the image around
Note that we do not clear the old position. This is because we
perform a glClear() which clears the framebuffer and then only
update the new area.
Note that you can also achieve interesting effects by modifying
the screen surface alpha channel. It's set to 255 by default..
*/
x += delta_x;
if ( x < 0 ) {
x = 0;
delta_x = -delta_x;
} else
if ( (x+w) > screen->w ) {
x = screen->w-w;
delta_x = -delta_x;
}
y += delta_y;
if ( y < 0 ) {
y = 0;
delta_y = -delta_y;
} else
if ( (y+h) > screen->h ) {
y = screen->h-h;
delta_y = -delta_y;
}
dst.x = x;
dst.y = y;
dst.w = w;
dst.h = h;
SDL_BlitSurface(global_image, NULL, screen, &dst);

/* Show the image on the screen */
SDL_UpdateRects(screen, 1, &dst);
}

int RunGLTest( int argc, char* argv[],
int logo, int logocursor, int slowly, int bpp, float gamma, int noframe, int fsaa, int sync, int accel )
{
int i;
int rgb_size[3];
int w = 640;
int h = 480;
int done = 0;
int frames;
Uint32 start_time, this_time;
float color[8][3]= {{ 1.0, 1.0, 0.0},
{ 1.0, 0.0, 0.0},
{ 0.0, 0.0, 0.0},
{ 0.0, 1.0, 0.0},
{ 0.0, 1.0, 1.0},
{ 1.0, 1.0, 1.0},
{ 1.0, 0.0, 1.0},
{ 0.0, 0.0, 1.0}};
float cube[8][3]= {{ 0.5, 0.5, -0.5},
{ 0.5, -0.5, -0.5},
{-0.5, -0.5, -0.5},
{-0.5, 0.5, -0.5},
{-0.5, 0.5, 0.5},
{ 0.5, 0.5, 0.5},
{ 0.5, -0.5, 0.5},
{-0.5, -0.5, 0.5}};
Uint32 video_flags;
int value;

if( SDL_Init( SDL_INIT_VIDEO ) < 0 ) {
fprintf(stderr,"Couldn't initialize SDL: %s\n",SDL_GetError());
exit( 1 );
}

/* See if we should detect the display depth */
if ( bpp == 0 ) {
if ( SDL_GetVideoInfo()->vfmt->BitsPerPixel <= 8 ) {
bpp = 8;
} else {
bpp = 16; /* More doesn't seem to work */
}
}

/* Set the flags we want to use for setting the video mode */
if ( logo && USE_DEPRECATED_OPENGLBLIT ) {
video_flags = SDL_OPENGLBLIT;
} else {
video_flags = SDL_OPENGL;
}
for ( i=1; argv[i]; ++i ) {
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-fullscreen") == 0 ) {
video_flags |= SDL_FULLSCREEN;
}
}

if (noframe) {
video_flags |= SDL_NOFRAME;
}

/* Initialize the display */
switch (bpp) {
case 8:
rgb_size[0] = 3;
rgb_size[1] = 3;
rgb_size[2] = 2;
break;
case 15:
case 16:
rgb_size[0] = 5;
rgb_size[1] = 5;
rgb_size[2] = 5;
break;
default:
rgb_size[0] = 8;
rgb_size[1] = 8;
rgb_size[2] = 8;
break;
}
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_RED_SIZE, rgb_size[0] );
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE, rgb_size[1] );
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE, rgb_size[2] );
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE, 16 );
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER, 1 );
if ( fsaa ) {
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLEBUFFERS, 1 );
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLESAMPLES, fsaa );
}
if ( accel ) {
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_ACCELERATED_VISUAL, 1 );
}
if ( sync ) {
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL, 1 );
} else {
SDL_GL_SetAttribute( SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL, 0 );
}
if ( SDL_SetVideoMode( w, h, bpp, video_flags ) == NULL ) {
fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't set GL mode: %s\n", SDL_GetError());
SDL_Quit();
exit(1);
}

printf("Screen BPP: %d\n", SDL_GetVideoSurface()->format->BitsPerPixel);
printf("\n");
printf( "Vendor : %s\n", glGetString( GL_VENDOR ) );
printf( "Renderer : %s\n", glGetString( GL_RENDERER ) );
printf( "Version : %s\n", glGetString( GL_VERSION ) );
printf( "Extensions : %s\n", glGetString( GL_EXTENSIONS ) );
printf("\n");

SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_RED_SIZE, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_RED_SIZE: requested %d, got %d\n", rgb_size[0],value);
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE: requested %d, got %d\n", rgb_size[1],value);
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE: requested %d, got %d\n", rgb_size[2],value);
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE: requested %d, got %d\n", bpp, value );
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER: requested 1, got %d\n", value );
if ( fsaa ) {
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLEBUFFERS, &value );
printf("SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLEBUFFERS: requested 1, got %d\n", value );
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLESAMPLES, &value );
printf("SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLESAMPLES: requested %d, got %d\n", fsaa, value );
}
if ( accel ) {
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_ACCELERATED_VISUAL, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_ACCELERATED_VISUAL: requested 1, got %d\n", value );
}
if ( sync ) {
SDL_GL_GetAttribute( SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL, &value );
printf( "SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL: requested 1, got %d\n", value );
}

/* Set the window manager title bar */
SDL_WM_SetCaption( "SDL GL test", "testgl" );

/* Set the gamma for the window */
if ( gamma != 0.0 ) {
SDL_SetGamma(gamma, gamma, gamma);
}

glViewport( 0, 0, w, h );
glMatrixMode( GL_PROJECTION );
glLoadIdentity( );

glOrtho( -2.0, 2.0, -2.0, 2.0, -20.0, 20.0 );

glMatrixMode( GL_MODELVIEW );
glLoadIdentity( );

glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

glDepthFunc(GL_LESS);

glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH);

/* Loop until done. */
start_time = SDL_GetTicks();
frames = 0;
while( !done ) {
GLenum gl_error;
char* sdl_error;
SDL_Event event;

/* Do our drawing, too. */
glClearColor( 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0 );
glClear( GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

glBegin( GL_QUADS );

#ifdef SHADED_CUBE
glColor3fv(color[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glColor3fv(color[1]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);
glColor3fv(color[2]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);
glColor3fv(color[3]);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);

glColor3fv(color[3]);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);
glColor3fv(color[4]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);
glColor3fv(color[7]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
glColor3fv(color[2]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);

glColor3fv(color[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glColor3fv(color[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glColor3fv(color[6]);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);
glColor3fv(color[1]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);

glColor3fv(color[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glColor3fv(color[4]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);
glColor3fv(color[7]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
glColor3fv(color[6]);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);

glColor3fv(color[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glColor3fv(color[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glColor3fv(color[3]);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);
glColor3fv(color[4]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);

glColor3fv(color[6]);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);
glColor3fv(color[1]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);
glColor3fv(color[2]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);
glColor3fv(color[7]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
#else /* flat cube */
glColor3f(1.0, 0.0, 0.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);

glColor3f(0.0, 1.0, 0.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);

glColor3f(0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);

glColor3f(0.0, 1.0, 1.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);

glColor3f(1.0, 1.0, 0.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[5]);
glVertex3fv(cube[0]);
glVertex3fv(cube[3]);
glVertex3fv(cube[4]);

glColor3f(1.0, 0.0, 1.0);
glVertex3fv(cube[6]);
glVertex3fv(cube[1]);
glVertex3fv(cube[2]);
glVertex3fv(cube[7]);
#endif /* SHADED_CUBE */

glEnd( );

glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glRotatef(5.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0);

/* Draw 2D logo onto the 3D display */
if ( logo ) {
if ( USE_DEPRECATED_OPENGLBLIT ) {
DrawLogoBlit();
} else {
DrawLogoTexture();
}
}
if ( logocursor ) {
DrawLogoCursor();
}

SDL_GL_SwapBuffers( );

/* Check for error conditions. */
gl_error = glGetError( );

if( gl_error != GL_NO_ERROR ) {
fprintf( stderr, "testgl: OpenGL error: %d\n", gl_error );
}

sdl_error = SDL_GetError( );

if( sdl_error[0] != '\0' ) {
fprintf(stderr, "testgl: SDL error '%s'\n", sdl_error);
SDL_ClearError();
}

/* Allow the user to see what's happening */
if ( slowly ) {
SDL_Delay( 20 );
}

/* Check if there's a pending event. */
while( SDL_PollEvent( &event ) ) {
done = HandleEvent(&event);
}
++frames;
}

/* Print out the frames per second */
this_time = SDL_GetTicks();
if ( this_time != start_time ) {
printf("%2.2f FPS\n",
((float)frames/(this_time-start_time))*1000.0);
}

if ( global_image ) {
SDL_FreeSurface(global_image);
global_image = NULL;
}
if ( global_texture ) {
glDeleteTextures( 1, &global_texture );
global_texture = 0;
}
if ( cursor_texture ) {
glDeleteTextures( 1, &cursor_texture );
cursor_texture = 0;
}

/* Destroy our GL context, etc. */
SDL_Quit( );
return(0);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i, logo, logocursor = 0;
int numtests;
int bpp = 0;
int slowly;
float gamma = 0.0;
int noframe = 0;
int fsaa = 0;
int accel = 0;
int sync = 0;

logo = 0;
slowly = 0;
numtests = 1;
for ( i=1; argv[i]; ++i ) {
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-twice") == 0 ) {
++numtests;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-logo") == 0 ) {
logo = 1;
USE_DEPRECATED_OPENGLBLIT = SDL_FALSE;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-logoblit") == 0 ) {
logo = 1;
USE_DEPRECATED_OPENGLBLIT = SDL_TRUE;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-logocursor") == 0 ) {
logocursor = 1;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-slow") == 0 ) {
slowly = 1;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-bpp") == 0 ) {
bpp = atoi(argv[++i]);
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-gamma") == 0 ) {
gamma = (float)atof(argv[++i]);
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-noframe") == 0 ) {
noframe = 1;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-fsaa") == 0 ) {
++fsaa;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-accel") == 0 ) {
++accel;
}
if ( strcmp(argv[i], "-sync") == 0 ) {
++sync;
}
if ( strncmp(argv[i], "-h", 2) == 0 ) {
printf(
"Usage: %s [-twice] [-logo] [-logocursor] [-slow] [-bpp n] [-gamma n] [-noframe] [-fsaa] [-accel] [-sync] [-fullscreen]\n",
argv[0]);
exit(0);
}
}
for ( i=0; i<numtests; ++i ) {
RunGLTest(argc, argv, logo, logocursor, slowly, bpp, gamma, noframe, fsaa, sync, accel);
}
return 0;
}

#else /* HAVE_OPENGL */

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
printf("No OpenGL support on this system\n");
return 1;
}

#endif /* HAVE_OPENGL */[/source]

Can someone try to run this code and see what do you get for GL_RENDERER?

I want to know if the problem is in the code or it's in my laptop configuration somehow.
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Here's what I get on one machine:

[quote]Vendor : ATI Technologies Inc.
Renderer : AMD Radeon HD 6450
Version : 4.2.11931 Compatibility Profile Context
SDL_GL_RED_SIZE: requested 5, got 8
SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE: requested 5, got 8
SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE: requested 5, got 8
SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE: requested 16, got 24
SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER: requested 1, got 1[/quote]

What looks possible here is that you're requesting default modes that may not be available in hardware-accelerated versions. 16-bit modes are really really old these days (the last video card that didn't support 32-bit colour was the Voodoo 3) and there should be no reason to go looking for one - try bumping RGB to 8/8/8 and see what that gets you.
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the most likely cause is that you don't have a driver from nvidia. Go on the nvidia website, download and install your driver and enjoy hardware accelerated OpenGL.
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Hi mhagain,
Here is what i get after increasing the depth size to 24:

[Quote]
Screen BPP: 24
Vendor : Microsoft Corporation
Renderer : GDI Generic
Version : 1.1.0
Extensions : GL_WIN_swap_hint GL_EXT_bgr
SDL_GL_RED_SIZE: requested 8, got 8
SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE: requested 8, got 8
SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE: requested 8, got 8
SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE: requested 24, got 32
SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER: requested 1, got 1
[/Quote]

I think i have spotted the problem.
In the official opengl documentation site ive found this [url="http://www.opengl.org/archives/resources/faq/technical/mswindows.htm"]http://www.opengl.org/archives/resources/faq/technical/mswindows.htm[/url] specially the point "5.030 How do I enable and disable hardware rendering on a Wintel card?"
It says that hardware acceleration depends on choosing a right PIXEL FORMAT. Now is it possible to do this when you are using GLUT? Which config do i need when using SDL to get hardware acceleration?
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    • By DaniDesu
      #include "MyEngine.h" int main() { MyEngine myEngine; myEngine.run(); return 0; } MyEngine.h
      #pragma once #include "MyWindow.h" #include "MyShaders.h" #include "MyShapes.h" class MyEngine { private: GLFWwindow * myWindowHandle; MyWindow * myWindow; public: MyEngine(); ~MyEngine(); void run(); }; MyEngine.cpp
      #include "MyEngine.h" MyEngine::MyEngine() { MyWindow myWindow(800, 600, "My Game Engine"); this->myWindow = &myWindow; myWindow.createWindow(); this->myWindowHandle = myWindow.getWindowHandle(); // Load all OpenGL function pointers for use gladLoadGLLoader((GLADloadproc)glfwGetProcAddress); } MyEngine::~MyEngine() { this->myWindow->destroyWindow(); } void MyEngine::run() { MyShaders myShaders("VertexShader.glsl", "FragmentShader.glsl"); MyShapes myShapes; GLuint vertexArrayObjectHandle; float coordinates[] = { 0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f, 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f, -0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f }; vertexArrayObjectHandle = myShapes.drawTriangle(coordinates); while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(this->myWindowHandle)) { glClearColor(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f, 1.0f); glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); // Draw something glUseProgram(myShaders.getShaderProgram()); glBindVertexArray(vertexArrayObjectHandle); glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, 3); glfwSwapBuffers(this->myWindowHandle); glfwPollEvents(); } } MyShaders.h
      #pragma once #include <glad\glad.h> #include <GLFW\glfw3.h> #include "MyFileHandler.h" class MyShaders { private: const char * vertexShaderFileName; const char * fragmentShaderFileName; const char * vertexShaderCode; const char * fragmentShaderCode; GLuint vertexShaderHandle; GLuint fragmentShaderHandle; GLuint shaderProgram; void compileShaders(); public: MyShaders(const char * vertexShaderFileName, const char * fragmentShaderFileName); ~MyShaders(); GLuint getShaderProgram(); const char * getVertexShaderCode(); const char * getFragmentShaderCode(); }; MyShaders.cpp
      #include "MyShaders.h" MyShaders::MyShaders(const char * vertexShaderFileName, const char * fragmentShaderFileName) { this->vertexShaderFileName = vertexShaderFileName; this->fragmentShaderFileName = fragmentShaderFileName; // Load shaders from files MyFileHandler myVertexShaderFileHandler(this->vertexShaderFileName); this->vertexShaderCode = myVertexShaderFileHandler.readFile(); MyFileHandler myFragmentShaderFileHandler(this->fragmentShaderFileName); this->fragmentShaderCode = myFragmentShaderFileHandler.readFile(); // Compile shaders this->compileShaders(); } MyShaders::~MyShaders() { } void MyShaders::compileShaders() { this->vertexShaderHandle = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER); this->fragmentShaderHandle = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER); glShaderSource(this->vertexShaderHandle, 1, &(this->vertexShaderCode), NULL); glShaderSource(this->fragmentShaderHandle, 1, &(this->fragmentShaderCode), NULL); glCompileShader(this->vertexShaderHandle); glCompileShader(this->fragmentShaderHandle); this->shaderProgram = glCreateProgram(); glAttachShader(this->shaderProgram, this->vertexShaderHandle); glAttachShader(this->shaderProgram, this->fragmentShaderHandle); glLinkProgram(this->shaderProgram); return; } GLuint MyShaders::getShaderProgram() { return this->shaderProgram; } const char * MyShaders::getVertexShaderCode() { return this->vertexShaderCode; } const char * MyShaders::getFragmentShaderCode() { return this->fragmentShaderCode; } MyWindow.h
      #pragma once #include <glad\glad.h> #include <GLFW\glfw3.h> class MyWindow { private: GLFWwindow * windowHandle; int windowWidth; int windowHeight; const char * windowTitle; public: MyWindow(int windowWidth, int windowHeight, const char * windowTitle); ~MyWindow(); GLFWwindow * getWindowHandle(); void createWindow(); void MyWindow::destroyWindow(); }; MyWindow.cpp
      #include "MyWindow.h" MyWindow::MyWindow(int windowWidth, int windowHeight, const char * windowTitle) { this->windowHandle = NULL; this->windowWidth = windowWidth; this->windowWidth = windowWidth; this->windowHeight = windowHeight; this->windowTitle = windowTitle; glfwInit(); } MyWindow::~MyWindow() { } GLFWwindow * MyWindow::getWindowHandle() { return this->windowHandle; } void MyWindow::createWindow() { // Use OpenGL 3.3 and GLSL 3.3 glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3); glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3); // Limit backwards compatibility glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE); glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_FORWARD_COMPAT, GL_TRUE); // Prevent resizing window glfwWindowHint(GLFW_RESIZABLE, GL_FALSE); // Create window this->windowHandle = glfwCreateWindow(this->windowWidth, this->windowHeight, this->windowTitle, NULL, NULL); glfwMakeContextCurrent(this->windowHandle); } void MyWindow::destroyWindow() { glfwTerminate(); } MyShapes.h
      #pragma once #include <glad\glad.h> #include <GLFW\glfw3.h> class MyShapes { public: MyShapes(); ~MyShapes(); GLuint & drawTriangle(float coordinates[]); }; MyShapes.cpp
      #include "MyShapes.h" MyShapes::MyShapes() { } MyShapes::~MyShapes() { } GLuint & MyShapes::drawTriangle(float coordinates[]) { GLuint vertexBufferObject{}; GLuint vertexArrayObject{}; // Create a VAO glGenVertexArrays(1, &vertexArrayObject); glBindVertexArray(vertexArrayObject); // Send vertices to the GPU glGenBuffers(1, &vertexBufferObject); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vertexBufferObject); glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(coordinates), coordinates, GL_STATIC_DRAW); // Dertermine the interpretation of the array buffer glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 3*sizeof(float), (void *)0); glEnableVertexAttribArray(0); // Unbind the buffers glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0); glBindVertexArray(0); return vertexArrayObject; } MyFileHandler.h
      #pragma once #include <cstdio> #include <cstdlib> class MyFileHandler { private: const char * fileName; unsigned long fileSize; void setFileSize(); public: MyFileHandler(const char * fileName); ~MyFileHandler(); unsigned long getFileSize(); const char * readFile(); }; MyFileHandler.cpp
      #include "MyFileHandler.h" MyFileHandler::MyFileHandler(const char * fileName) { this->fileName = fileName; this->setFileSize(); } MyFileHandler::~MyFileHandler() { } void MyFileHandler::setFileSize() { FILE * fileHandle = NULL; fopen_s(&fileHandle, this->fileName, "rb"); fseek(fileHandle, 0L, SEEK_END); this->fileSize = ftell(fileHandle); rewind(fileHandle); fclose(fileHandle); return; } unsigned long MyFileHandler::getFileSize() { return (this->fileSize); } const char * MyFileHandler::readFile() { char * buffer = (char *)malloc((this->fileSize)+1); FILE * fileHandle = NULL; fopen_s(&fileHandle, this->fileName, "rb"); fread(buffer, this->fileSize, sizeof(char), fileHandle); fclose(fileHandle); buffer[this->fileSize] = '\0'; return buffer; } VertexShader.glsl
      #version 330 core layout (location = 0) vec3 VertexPositions; void main() { gl_Position = vec4(VertexPositions, 1.0f); } FragmentShader.glsl
      #version 330 core out vec4 FragmentColor; void main() { FragmentColor = vec4(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f); } I am attempting to create a simple engine/graphics utility using some object-oriented paradigms. My first goal is to get some output from my engine, namely, a simple red triangle.
      For this goal, the MyShapes class will be responsible for defining shapes such as triangles, polygons etc. Currently, there is only a drawTriangle() method implemented, because I first wanted to see whether it works or not before attempting to code other shape drawing methods.
      The constructor of the MyEngine class creates a GLFW window (GLAD is also initialized here to load all OpenGL functionality), and the myEngine.run() method in Main.cpp is responsible for firing up the engine. In this run() method, the shaders get loaded from files via the help of my FileHandler class. The vertices for the triangle are processed by the myShapes.drawTriangle() method where a vertex array object, a vertex buffer object and vertrex attributes are set for this purpose.
      The while loop in the run() method should be outputting me the desired red triangle, but all I get is a grey window area. Why?
      Note: The shaders are compiling and linking without any errors.
      (Note: I am aware that this code is not using any good software engineering practices (e.g. exceptions, error handling). I am planning to implement them later, once I get the hang of OpenGL.)

       
    • By KarimIO
      EDIT: I thought this was restricted to Attribute-Created GL contexts, but it isn't, so I rewrote the post.
      Hey guys, whenever I call SwapBuffers(hDC), I get a crash, and I get a "Too many posts were made to a semaphore." from Windows as I call SwapBuffers. What could be the cause of this?
      Update: No crash occurs if I don't draw, just clear and swap.
      static PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd = // pfd Tells Windows How We Want Things To Be { sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR), // Size Of This Pixel Format Descriptor 1, // Version Number PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW | // Format Must Support Window PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | // Format Must Support OpenGL PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER, // Must Support Double Buffering PFD_TYPE_RGBA, // Request An RGBA Format 32, // Select Our Color Depth 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // Color Bits Ignored 0, // No Alpha Buffer 0, // Shift Bit Ignored 0, // No Accumulation Buffer 0, 0, 0, 0, // Accumulation Bits Ignored 24, // 24Bit Z-Buffer (Depth Buffer) 0, // No Stencil Buffer 0, // No Auxiliary Buffer PFD_MAIN_PLANE, // Main Drawing Layer 0, // Reserved 0, 0, 0 // Layer Masks Ignored }; if (!(hDC = GetDC(windowHandle))) return false; unsigned int PixelFormat; if (!(PixelFormat = ChoosePixelFormat(hDC, &pfd))) return false; if (!SetPixelFormat(hDC, PixelFormat, &pfd)) return false; hRC = wglCreateContext(hDC); if (!hRC) { std::cout << "wglCreateContext Failed!\n"; return false; } if (wglMakeCurrent(hDC, hRC) == NULL) { std::cout << "Make Context Current Second Failed!\n"; return false; } ... // OGL Buffer Initialization glClear(GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT | GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT); glBindVertexArray(vao); glUseProgram(myprogram); glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, indexCount, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, (void *)indexStart); SwapBuffers(GetDC(window_handle));  
    • By Tchom
      Hey devs!
       
      I've been working on a OpenGL ES 2.0 android engine and I have begun implementing some simple (point) lighting. I had something fairly simple working, so I tried to get fancy and added color-tinting light. And it works great... with only one or two lights. Any more than that, the application drops about 15 frames per light added (my ideal is at least 4 or 5). I know implementing lighting is expensive, I just didn't think it was that expensive. I'm fairly new to the world of OpenGL and GLSL, so there is a good chance I've written some crappy shader code. If anyone had any feedback or tips on how I can optimize this code, please let me know.
       
      Vertex Shader
      uniform mat4 u_MVPMatrix; uniform mat4 u_MVMatrix; attribute vec4 a_Position; attribute vec3 a_Normal; attribute vec2 a_TexCoordinate; varying vec3 v_Position; varying vec3 v_Normal; varying vec2 v_TexCoordinate; void main() { v_Position = vec3(u_MVMatrix * a_Position); v_TexCoordinate = a_TexCoordinate; v_Normal = vec3(u_MVMatrix * vec4(a_Normal, 0.0)); gl_Position = u_MVPMatrix * a_Position; } Fragment Shader
      precision mediump float; uniform vec4 u_LightPos["+numLights+"]; uniform vec4 u_LightColours["+numLights+"]; uniform float u_LightPower["+numLights+"]; uniform sampler2D u_Texture; varying vec3 v_Position; varying vec3 v_Normal; varying vec2 v_TexCoordinate; void main() { gl_FragColor = (texture2D(u_Texture, v_TexCoordinate)); float diffuse = 0.0; vec4 colourSum = vec4(1.0); for (int i = 0; i < "+numLights+"; i++) { vec3 toPointLight = vec3(u_LightPos[i]); float distance = length(toPointLight - v_Position); vec3 lightVector = normalize(toPointLight - v_Position); float diffuseDiff = 0.0; // The diffuse difference contributed from current light diffuseDiff = max(dot(v_Normal, lightVector), 0.0); diffuseDiff = diffuseDiff * (1.0 / (1.0 + ((1.0-u_LightPower[i])* distance * distance))); //Determine attenuatio diffuse += diffuseDiff; gl_FragColor.rgb *= vec3(1.0) / ((vec3(1.0) + ((vec3(1.0) - vec3(u_LightColours[i]))*diffuseDiff))); //The expensive part } diffuse += 0.1; //Add ambient light gl_FragColor.rgb *= diffuse; } Am I making any rookie mistakes? Or am I just being unrealistic about what I can do? Thanks in advance
    • By yahiko00
      Hi,
      Not sure to post at the right place, if not, please forgive me...
      For a game project I am working on, I would like to implement a 2D starfield as a background.
      I do not want to deal with static tiles, since I plan to slowly animate the starfield. So, I am trying to figure out how to generate a random starfield for the entire map.
      I feel that using a uniform distribution for the stars will not do the trick. Instead I would like something similar to the screenshot below, taken from the game Star Wars: Empire At War (all credits to Lucasfilm, Disney, and so on...).

      Is there someone who could have an idea of a distribution which could result in such a starfield?
      Any insight would be appreciated
    • By afraidofdark
      I have just noticed that, in quake 3 and half - life, dynamic models are effected from light map. For example in dark areas, gun that player holds seems darker. How did they achieve this effect ? I can use image based lighting techniques however (Like placing an environment probe and using it for reflections and ambient lighting), this tech wasn't used in games back then, so there must be a simpler method to do this.
      Here is a link that shows how modern engines does it. Indirect Lighting Cache It would be nice if you know a paper that explains this technique. Can I apply this to quake 3' s light map generator and bsp format ?
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