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• ### Similar Content

• I wasn't sure if this would be the right place for a topic like this so sorry if it isn't.
I'm currently working on a project for Uni using FreeGLUT to make a simple solar system simulation. I've got to the point where I've implemented all the planets and have used a Scene Graph to link them all together. The issue I'm having with now though is basically the planets and moons orbit correctly at their own orbit speeds.
I'm not really experienced with using matrices for stuff like this so It's likely why I can't figure out how exactly to get it working. This is where I'm applying the transformation matrices, as well as pushing and popping them. This is within the Render function that every planet including the sun and moons will have and run.
if (tag != "Sun") { glRotatef(orbitAngle, orbitRotation.X, orbitRotation.Y, orbitRotation.Z); } glPushMatrix(); glTranslatef(position.X, position.Y, position.Z); glRotatef(rotationAngle, rotation.X, rotation.Y, rotation.Z); glScalef(scale.X, scale.Y, scale.Z); glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, mesh->indiceCount, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, mesh->indices); if (tag != "Sun") { glPopMatrix(); } The "If(tag != "Sun")" parts are my attempts are getting the planets to orbit correctly though it likely isn't the way I'm meant to be doing it. So I was wondering if someone would be able to help me? As I really don't have an idea on what I would do to get it working. Using the if statement is truthfully the closest I've got to it working but there are still weird effects like the planets orbiting faster then they should depending on the number of planets actually be updated/rendered.

• Hello everyone,
I have problem with texture

• Hello everyone
For @80bserver8 nice job - I have found Google search. How did you port from Javascript WebGL to C# OpenTK.?
I have been searched Google but it shows f***ing Unity 3D. I really want know how do I understand I want start with OpenTK But I want know where is porting of Javascript and C#?

Thanks!
• By mike44
Hi
I draw in a OpenGL framebuffer. All is fine but it eats FPS (frames per second), hence I wonder if I could execute the framebuffer drawing only every 5-10th loop or so?
Many thanks

• By cebugdev
hi all,
how to implement this type of effect ?
Also what is this effect called? this is considered volumetric lighting?
what are the options of doing this?
a. billboard? but i want this to have the 3D effect that when we rotate the camera we can still have that 3d feel.
b. a transparent 3d mesh? and we can animate it as well?

2. how to implement things like fireball projectile (shot from a monster) (billboard texture or a 3d mesh)?

Note: im using OpenGL ES 2.0 on mobile.

thanks!

# OpenGL Deferred Rendering Problem

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I am currently working on a small deferred rendering engine for this semester's coursework assignment. The code compiles fine and runs in Visual Studio without any problems except no output to the screen and that's where the problems start.

The deferred rendering system is nothing special it is basically the first draft of the algorithms presented in "Practical Rendering with DirectX 11" [2011 by Jason Zink, Matt Pettineo, Jack Hoxley]. No optimization like Attribute packing etc. are used. Only a simple Lighting system is used (no shadow).

The problems seems to be the fullscreen-quad(simply inefficient fullscreen-quads used for lighting passes) or a general problem. Since I get no errors in the debug log I tried to use PIX and PerfStudio to get some more information on the gpu side. Unfortunately PIX and PerfStudio are before the first frame with this error:

Invalid allocation size: 4294967295 bytes

So for whatever reason it seems to allocate some space with -1 bytes. Awkwardly everything is fine in VisualStudio debugging... and if I attach a debugger to the PIX process and break when the error happens I land in a debuggers header file.

I just started using DirectX with prior OpenGL experience, so I hope I did not something generally wrong. I used the executable that was output by the compiler in debug mode.

To avoid general logic mistakes, here is roughly what I currently do:

1. SetDepthStencilState (with DepthTest enabled)
2. clear all RenderTargetViews (was unsure about gBuffer but gBuffer is being cleared as well currently) and DepthStencilBuffer
3. bind gBuffer and DepthStencilBuffer
4. render Geometry
5. disable DepthTest
6. bind Backbuffer
7. render all lights with the associated shader (since I am using the effects framework I set the BlendState in the shader)
8. render CEGUI (works fine even if rest doesn't output anything)
9. present()

The lights are as already mentioned fullscreen quads. The lighting technique is simply passing the position through, so the quads vertices are in the range [-1, 1].

If you need any additional informations let me know.

Thanks, Nik

P.S. sorry for the bad english...

EDIT:

For further informations: The vertices and indices of the fullscreen quad

glm::vec3 vertices[] =    {		glm::vec3(-1.0f, -1.0f,  1.0f),		glm::vec3(-1.0f,  1.0f,  1.0f),		glm::vec3( 1.0f, -1.0f,  1.0f),		glm::vec3( 1.0f,  1.0f,  1.0f),    };	    UINT indices[] = { 0, 3, 2, 2, 0, 1 };

And a rough walkthough the code:

// before geometry pass
m_d3dImmediateContext->OMSetDepthStencilState(m_GeometryDepthStencilState, 1);
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearRenderTargetView(m_RenderTargetView, reinterpret_cast<const float*>(&clearColor));
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearRenderTargetView(m_gBuffer[0], reinterpret_cast<const float*>(&clearColor));
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearRenderTargetView(m_gBuffer[1], reinterpret_cast<const float*>(&clearColor));
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearRenderTargetView(m_gBuffer[2], reinterpret_cast<const float*>(&clearColor));
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearRenderTargetView(m_gBuffer[3], reinterpret_cast<const float*>(&clearColor));
m_d3dImmediateContext->ClearDepthStencilView(m_DepthStencilView, D3D11_CLEAR_DEPTH|D3D11_CLEAR_STENCIL, 1.0f, 0);
m_d3dImmediateContext->OMSetRenderTargets(4, m_gBuffer, m_DepthStencilView);

// before lighting pass
m_d3dImmediateContext->OMSetDepthStencilState(m_LightingDepthStencilState, 1);
m_d3dImmediateContext->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &m_RenderTargetView, m_DepthStencilView);

// DXLightingShader::enable (the static cast is necessary because the engine supports opengl and directx this is my dirty way
static_cast<SDXRenderInfo*>(g_RenderInfo)->context->IASetInputLayout(m_InputLayout);
static_cast<SDXRenderInfo*>(g_RenderInfo)->context->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D11_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLELIST);
m_fxNormalMap->SetResource(m_NormalView);
m_fxDiffuseMap->SetResource(m_DiffuseView);
m_fxSpecularMap->SetResource(m_SpecularView);
m_fxPositionMap->SetResource(m_PositionView);
m_fxCameraPos->SetFloatVector(Camera->getPosition());

// depending on light-type this is how it is drawn
for(UINT p = 0; p < m_DirectionalLightDesc.Passes; ++p)
{
m_DirectionalLight->GetPassByIndex(p)->Apply(0, static_cast<SDXRenderInfo*>(g_RenderInfo)->context);
static_cast<SDXRenderInfo*>(g_RenderInfo)->context->DrawIndexed(6, 0, 0);
}

// present function called after light passes
CEGUI::System::getSingleton().renderGUI();
HR(m_SwapChain->Present(0, 0));

m_fxNormalMap->SetResource(NULL);
m_fxDiffuseMap->SetResource(NULL);
m_fxSpecularMap->SetResource(NULL);
m_fxPositionMap->SetResource(NULL);
m_DirectionalLight->GetPassByIndex(0)->Apply(0, static_cast<SDXRenderInfo*>(g_RenderInfo)->context);


If you need more information or some details of the shader implementation let me know Edited by trevex

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Invalid allocation size: 4294967295 bytes

What makes you think this has anything to do with your deferred rendering setup? It could simply be an uninitialized variable somewhere else in your code. What header file do you break into?

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Thanks for the tip. I am currently in chrismas stress but I am trying to debug the application again now.

So I figured out what the problem was, it was quite simple actually... Visual Studio has a different runtime environment, so pix wasn't able to find some files...

I am investigating why it is not rendering now, I'll hopefully come back with more informations later...

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So I started debugging a frame with pix:

The 4 gBuffer textures are successfully being rendered.

The problem seems to be the fullscreen quad:

Since in the viewport output there is only a whiteline it seems to get discarded?

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With z < 0 you're out of clipspace already. And a w of 0 will even send them to infinity. Can you show us that vertex shader code (and the transformation matrix values involved, if available).

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Sure, sorry for delayed reply chrismas time...

  

float4 VSMain(in float3 Position : POSITION) : SV_Position
 {       return float4(Position, 0.0f);  }

for what ever reason the z value is always -1.0 also the preVS value...

but this is the vertex data in the associated buffer:

  

glm::vec3 vertices[] =
     { glm::vec3(-1.0f, -1.0f,  1.0f), glm::vec3(-1.0f,  1.0f,  1.0f), glm::vec3( 1.0f, -1.0f,  1.0f), glm::vec3( 1.0f,  1.0f,  1.0f),     };

As already stated out previously I am new to directx, so is there anything that can influence how vertex data is interpreted since the preVS value is also -1?

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Ok just noticed I was setting last value to 0.0 and not 1.0...
The problem now is I changed the z value of the input vertices to 0.0f no change, I changed the shader to set the z value to 0.0f I get some output, still not the right shaded cube but it seems to be a problem with my lighting code...

But this would be kind of a dirty fix, so why is the Z value being set to -1...? Edited by trevex

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float4 VSMain(in float4 Position : POSITION) : SV_Position
{
return Position;
}

since w = 1 will happen automatically. This is the rare occasion where signature and layout may differ.

But your problem is elsewhere. PreVS means either your buffer init/update or your input layout is off - or you've bound the wrong buffer(s).

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Thanks alot indeed I forgot to set the VertexBuffer and since the vertices of my cube are quite similar, I didn't notice that. Can't believe I haven't noticed that...

The only thing left now is a bug in my lighting code, some surfaces stay black... The scene currently uses a single directional light for testing!
float3 CalcLighting(in float3 normal, in float3 position, in float3 diffuseAlbedo, in float3 specularAlbedo, in float specularPower, uniform int gLightingMode)
{
float3 L = 0;
float attenuation = 1.0f;
if (gLightingMode == POINTLIGHT || gLightingMode == SPOTLIGHT)
{
L = LightPos - position;
float dist = length(L);
attenuation = max(0, 1.0f - (dist / LightRange.x));
L /= dist;
}
else if (gLightingMode == DIRECTIONALLIGHT)
{
L = -LightDirection; }if (gLightingMode == SPOTLIGHT)
{
float3 L2 = LightDirection;
float rho = dot(-L, L2);
attenuation *= saturate((rho - SpotlightAngles.y) / (SpotlightAngles.x - SpotlightAngles.y));
}
float nDotL = saturate(dot(normal, L));
float3 diffuse = nDotL * LightColor * diffuseAlbedo;
float3 V = CameraPos - position;
float3 H = normalize(L + V);
float3 specular = pow(saturate(dot(normal, H)), specularPower) * LightColor * specularAlbedo.xyz * nDotL;
return (diffuse + specular) * attenuation;
}

The basic algorithm is basically out of a book so I assumed there would be nothing wrong the only thing I changed is using if and a uniform to embed it in an effects file.

The Buffers are filled with informations and there is nothing missing, these are values of a black pixel that is supposed to have some color:

EDIT:

Lighting Shader Code on pastebin http://pastebin.com/8gbYBLCX, because the code tags seem to be buggy currently either escaping html as well or completly breaking formating Edited by trevex