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OpenGL Why does glm::scale move my mesh?

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I have a mesh to which I apply Scale.

Here's before I apply scale to the cube behind:

And here's after:

The cube scaled correctly, but why did the cube move?

Here's the code for rendering it:

 void OpenGLRenderer::RenderMesh(MeshPtr mesh, const Mat4& modelMatrix, const Mat4& viewMatrix, const Mat4& projectionMatrix)
        if (mesh)
            // upload MVP matrix
            Mat4 MVP = projectionMatrix * viewMatrix * modelMatrix;    // modelMatrix is a Mat4(1.0f) that has been applied glm::scale(Mat4(1.0f), Vec3(2.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f))
            ShaderData shaderData;
            shaderData.Color.x = 1.0f; shaderData.Color.y = 0.5f; shaderData.Color.z = 0.5f; shaderData.Color.w = 1.0f;
            shaderData.MVPMatrix = MVP;

            // render



What could be wrong?

EDIT: I can note that if I do translate instead of scale, the cube would move as expected

Edited by KaiserJohan

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If there are no explicit translations anywhere, then: what are the coordinates of the vertices of the cube?


Consider, for example, that the cube spans the axis-aligned coordinates from (1, 1, 1) to (2, 2, 2). That is, a unit-sized cube centered at (1.5, 1.5, 1.5). Now scale the X-axis by 2, and the cube now spans the coordinates (2, 1, 1) to (4, 2, 2). As you can see, the size of the cube has been scaled by 2, but so has its center which is now at (3, 1.5, 1.5). This is not an additional translation, but an inherent effect of the scaling: scaling happens around the origin, and if your cube's center-of-scaling is not at the origin, the offset from the origin will also be scaled accordingly.

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Here's the vertex data and vertex indices:


const float vertexPositions1[] =
            // front vertices
            -4.0f, -5.5f, -20.0f,
            -4.5f, -5.5f, -20.0f,
            -4.5f, -5.0f, -20.0f,
            -4.0f, -5.0f, -20.0f,

            // back vertices
            -4.0f, -5.5f, -20.5f,
            -4.5f, -5.5f, -20.5f,
            -4.5f, -5.0f, -20.5f,
            -4.0f, -5.0f, -20.5f

        const uint16_t indexData1[] =
            // back
            5, 4, 7,
            5, 7, 6,

            // right
            1, 5, 6,
            1, 6, 2,

            // left
            0, 4, 7,
            0, 7, 3,

            // top
            5, 4, 0,
            5, 0, 1,

            // bottom
            6, 7, 3,
            6, 3, 2,

            // front
            1, 0, 3,
            1, 3, 2

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That just proves what Brother Bob said.


You could translate it to the origin, scale, translate it back to where it should be.

Or even better just have all your model coordinates around the origin, then scale and translate to where it should be.

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Centered around the origin; like this?


// front vertices
1.0f, -1.0f, 1.0f,           // bottom right
-1.0f, -1.0f, 1.0f,          // bottom left
-1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f,          // top left
1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f,            // top right
// back vertices
1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f,           // bottom right
-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f,          // bottom left
-1.0f, 1.0f, -1.0f,          // top left
1.0f, 1.0f, -1.0f,            // top right

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For a flying cube it would be good to have the center of the cube at origin. For things on ground it may be easier if the center of the bottom surface is on origin or one of the bottom corners depending on how it is easier for you to place it somewhere. Edited by wintertime

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