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Migi0027

DX11 DX11 SSAO - Is this right? Again...

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Hi guys,

 

this is kind of a re post and I am sorry for that, but this just isn't really working, or I don't think it is. Here is the results:

 

Without SSAO diffuse:

 

1eubli.png

 

Normals:

LgJBxqq.png

 

Depth:

UeZqRES.png

 

With SSAO:

FtCntNn.png

 

Now some HLSL code:

Texture2D t_dffmap : register(t0);
Texture2D t_depthmap : register(t1);
Texture2D t_normalmap : register(t2);
Texture2D t_random : register(t3);
Texture2D t_blmextract : register(t4);
SamplerState ss;

cbuffer PARAMSBUFFER : register(b0)
{
	float time;
	float hblur;
	float bloomExtract;
	float bloom;
	float pixelDisortion;
	float pixelDisorterAmount;
	float ssao;
	float space;
};

cbuffer BloomBuffer : register(b1)
{
	float BloomThreshold;
	float BloomSaturation;
	float BaseSaturation;
	float BloomIntensity;
	float BaseIntensity;
};

cbuffer SSAOBuffer : register(b2)
{
	float g_scale;
	float g_bias;
	float g_sample_rad;
	float g_intensity;
};

struct VS_Output
{  
    float4 Pos : SV_POSITION;              
    float2 Tex : TEXCOORD0;
    float2 texCoord1 : TEXCOORD1;
    float2 texCoord2 : TEXCOORD2;
    float2 texCoord3 : TEXCOORD3;
    float2 texCoord4 : TEXCOORD4;
    float2 texCoord5 : TEXCOORD5;
    float2 texCoord6 : TEXCOORD6;
    float2 texCoord7 : TEXCOORD7;
    float2 texCoord8 : TEXCOORD8;
    float2 texCoord9 : TEXCOORD9;
};
 
VS_Output VShader(uint id : SV_VertexID)
{
    VS_Output Output;
    Output.Tex = float2((id << 1) & 2, id & 2);
    Output.Pos = float4(Output.Tex * float2(2,-2) + float2(-1,1), 0, 1);

	if (hblur == 1)
	{
		float texelSize = 1.0f / 800;

		// Create UV coordinates for the pixel and its four horizontal neighbors on either side.
		Output.texCoord1 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize * -4.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord2 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize * -3.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord3 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize * -2.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord4 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize * -1.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord5 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize *  0.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord6 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize *  1.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord7 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize *  2.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord8 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize *  3.0f, 0.0f);
		Output.texCoord9 = Output.Tex + float2(texelSize *  4.0f, 0.0f);
	}
	
    return Output;
}

// Helper for modifying the saturation of a color.
float4 AdjustSaturation(float4 color, float saturation)
{
    // The constants 0.3, 0.59, and 0.11 are chosen because the
    // human eye is more sensitive to green light, and less to blue.
    float grey = dot(color, float3(0.3, 0.59, 0.11));

    return lerp(grey, color, saturation);
}

// Ambient Occlusion Stuff --------------------------------------------------

float3 getPosition(in float2 uv)
{
	return t_depthmap.Sample(ss, uv).xyz;
}

float3 getNormal(in float2 uv)
{
	return normalize(t_normalmap.Sample(ss, uv).xyz * 2.0f - 1.0f);
}

float2 getRandom(in float2 uv)
{
	return normalize(t_random.Sample(ss, float2(800, 600) * uv / float2(64, 64)).xy * 2.0f - 1.0f);
}

float doAmbientOcclusion(in float2 tcoord,in float2 uv, in float3 p, in float3 cnorm)
{
	float3 diff = getPosition(tcoord + uv) - p;
	const float3 v = normalize(diff);
	const float d = length(diff)*g_scale;
	return max(0.0,dot(cnorm,v)-g_bias)*(1.0/(1.0+d))*g_intensity;
}

// End

float4 PShader(VS_Output input) : SV_TARGET
{
	if (bloomExtract == 1)
	{
		// Look up the original image color.
		float4 c = t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.Tex);

		// Adjust it to keep only values brighter than the specified threshold.
		return saturate((c - BloomThreshold) / (1 - BloomThreshold));
	}
	
	float4 color = float4(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);
	
	if (pixelDisortion == 1)
	{
		// Distortion factor
		float NoiseX = pixelDisorterAmount * (time/1000) * sin(input.Tex.x * input.Tex.y+time/1000);
		NoiseX=fmod(NoiseX,8) * fmod(NoiseX,4); 

		// Use our distortion factor to compute how much it will affect each
		// texture coordinate
		float DistortX = fmod(NoiseX,5);
		float DistortY = fmod(NoiseX,5+0.002);
 
		// Create our new texture coordinate based on our distortion factor
		input.Tex = float2(DistortX,DistortY);
	}

	float4 dffMAP = t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.Tex);

	if (hblur == 1)
	{
		float weight0, weight1, weight2, weight3, weight4;
		float normalization;

		// Create the weights that each neighbor pixel will contribute to the blur.
		weight0 = 1.0f;
		weight1 = 0.9f;
		weight2 = 0.55f;
		weight3 = 0.18f;
		weight4 = 0.1f;

		 // Create a normalized value to average the weights out a bit.
		normalization = (weight0 + 2.0f * (weight1 + weight2 + weight3 + weight4));

		// Normalize the weights.
		weight0 = weight0 / normalization;
		weight1 = weight1 / normalization;
		weight2 = weight2 / normalization;
		weight3 = weight3 / normalization;
		weight4 = weight4 / normalization;

		// Add the nine horizontal pixels to the color by the specific weight of each.
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord1) * weight4;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord2) * weight3;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord3) * weight2;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord4) * weight1;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord5) * weight0;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord6) * weight1;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord7) * weight2;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord8) * weight3;
		color += t_dffmap.Sample(ss, input.texCoord9) * weight4;
	}
	else
		color *= dffMAP;
	
	if (ssao == 1)
	{
		// Apply SSAO

		const float2 vec[4] = {float2(1,0),float2(-1,0),
				float2(0,1),float2(0,-1)};

		float3 p = getPosition(input.Tex);
		float3 n = getNormal(input.Tex);
		float2 rand = getRandom(input.Tex);

		float ao = 0.0f;
		float rad = g_sample_rad/p.z; // g_s_r

		//**SSAO Calculation**//
		int iterations = 1;
		for (int j = 0; j < iterations; ++j)
		{
		  float2 coord1 = reflect(vec[j],rand)*rad;
		  float2 coord2 = float2(coord1.x*0.707 - coord1.y*0.707,
					  coord1.x*0.707 + coord1.y*0.707);
  
		  ao += doAmbientOcclusion(input.Tex,coord1*0.25, p, n);
		  ao += doAmbientOcclusion(input.Tex,coord2*0.5, p, n);
		  ao += doAmbientOcclusion(input.Tex,coord1*0.75, p, n);
		  ao += doAmbientOcclusion(input.Tex,coord2, p, n);
		}
		ao/=(float)iterations*4.0;
		color.rgb *= ao;
	}

	if(bloom == 1)
	{
		// Look up the bloom and original base image colors.
		float4 cbloom = t_blmextract.Sample(ss, input.Tex);
		float4 base = color;
    
		// Adjust color saturation and intensity.
		cbloom = AdjustSaturation(cbloom, BloomSaturation) * BloomIntensity;
		base = AdjustSaturation(base, BaseSaturation) * BaseIntensity;
    
		// Darken down the base image in areas where there is a lot of bloom,
		// to prevent things looking excessively burned-out.
		base *= (1 - saturate(cbloom));
    
		// Combine the two images.
		color = base + cbloom;
	}

	return color;
}

 

 

The variables for the SSAO is the following:

 

 

SSAOParameters.g_sample_rad = 3;
SSAOParameters.g_scale = 1;
SSAOParameters.g_intensity = 1;
SSAOParameters.g_bias = 0.001f;
 
Now what on earth, if, am I doing wrong?
 
Thank You
Edited by Migi0027

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Do you have an image with SSAO enabled?  The only thing that looks odd is the fact that your shadow isn't filled at all, but that isn't really relevant to SSAO at all.

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Sorry, some kind of error occurred so the rest of the post wasn't shown. Please re read the post, or at least the bottom.

 

Sorry

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Do you have an image with SSAO enabled?  The only thing that looks odd is the fact that your shadow isn't filled at all, but that isn't really relevant to SSAO at all.

 

Ohh and the box, it's because receive shadows (variable) has been disabled for that box, I was just unlucky. biggrin.png

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The basics of SSAO appear to be generally working, as the samples tend to be darker near a corner.  However, you seem to have some sort of a depth bias in your calculations, because further into the scene things are getting darker.  If you look at the floor plane then you can see the difference between the foreground and the background, even though they have the exact same occluders in their local areas.

 

When you select the samples to take, are they being done in screen space or are they reprojected into world space?

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The darkness in the scene with SSAO, can it be because of my depth buffer?

 

I'm just trying to find a possible solution for this problem.

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Ohh, this might be useful:

 

The shader for normal and depth rendering:

cbuffer ConstantObjectBuffer : register (b0)
{
	matrix worldMatrix;
	matrix viewMatrix;
	matrix projectionMatrix;

	float state;
	float _instance;
	float _alphamap;
	float pad;
};

struct VOut
{
    float4 position : SV_POSITION;
    float4 depthPosition : TEXTURE0;
	float4 normal : NORMAL;
	float2 texcoord : TEXCOORD;
	float Depth : DEPTH;
};

Texture2D t_alphamap;
SamplerState ss;

VOut VShader(float4 position : POSITION, float4 normal : NORMAL, float2 texcoord : TEXCOORD, float3 instancePosition : INSTANCEPOS)
{
    VOut output;

	if (_instance == 1)
	{
		position.x += instancePosition.x;
		position.y += instancePosition.y;
		position.z += instancePosition.z;
	}

    position.w = 1.0f;
	output.texcoord = texcoord;

	// Calculate the position of the vertex against the world, view, and projection matrices.
    output.position = mul(position, worldMatrix);
    output.position = mul(output.position, viewMatrix);
    output.position = mul(output.position, projectionMatrix);

	output.normal = normal;

	// Store the position value in a second input value for depth value calculations.
	output.depthPosition = output.position;
	output.Depth = output.position.z;

    return output;
}

float4 PShader(VOut input) : SV_TARGET
{
	float4 color = float4(1,1,1,1);

	if (state == 5 || state == 2) // DEPTH
	{
		float depthValue = input.depthPosition.z / input.depthPosition.w;

		color = float4(depthValue, depthValue, depthValue, 1);
	}
	else if (state == 6) // NORMALS
	{
		float3 viewSpaceNormalizedNormals = 0.5 * normalize (input.normal) + 0.5;
		color = float4(viewSpaceNormalizedNormals, 1);
	}

	return color;
}

 

Don't worry about the ifs, what's really important is if I'm mapping the depth and normal buffers correctly?

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It looks like you are using perspective depth, which would probably explain the increasing darkness as you move into the scene.  You are using screen space offsets from the pixel being processed, which aren't linear with z, so your pixels that are far away are skewed toward being occluded.

 

What you should be doing is to find the linear space position of the current pixel, then add a linear space vector offset to it, then reproject that point back to projection space and sample the point.  That would (most likely) make the darkening go away.

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Sorry, but how would I achieve that Jason Z?

 

Some of these topics are still quite new for me as this is self taught, so I'm still trying to understand every single bit.

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if (!g_WinHnd) { return -1; } UpdateWindow(g_WinHnd); return 0; } int InitDirectX(HINSTANCE hInstance, BOOL vsync) { assert(g_WinHnd != nullptr); RECT client{}; GetClientRect(g_WinHnd, &client); unsigned int clientWidth = client.right - client.left; unsigned int clientHeight = client.bottom - client.top; //Direct3D Initialization HRESULT hr{}; //SwapChainDesc DXGI_RATIONAL refreshRate = vsync ? DXGI_RATIONAL{ 1, 60 } : DXGI_RATIONAL{ 0, 1 }; DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC swapChainDesc{}; swapChainDesc.BufferDesc.Width = clientWidth; swapChainDesc.BufferDesc.Height = clientHeight; swapChainDesc.BufferDesc.RefreshRate = refreshRate; swapChainDesc.BufferDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM; swapChainDesc.BufferDesc.Scaling = DXGI_MODE_SCALING_CENTERED; swapChainDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1; swapChainDesc.SampleDesc.Quality = 0; swapChainDesc.BufferUsage = DXGI_USAGE_RENDER_TARGET_OUTPUT; swapChainDesc.BufferCount = 1; swapChainDesc.OutputWindow = g_WinHnd; swapChainDesc.Windowed = true; swapChainDesc.SwapEffect = DXGI_SWAP_EFFECT_DISCARD; UINT createDeviceFlags{}; #if _DEBUG createDeviceFlags = D3D11_CREATE_DEVICE_DEBUG; #endif //Feature levels const D3D_FEATURE_LEVEL features[]{ D3D_FEATURE_LEVEL_11_0 }; D3D_FEATURE_LEVEL featureLevel; hr = D3D11CreateDeviceAndSwapChain( nullptr, D3D_DRIVER_TYPE_HARDWARE, nullptr, createDeviceFlags, features, _countof(features), D3D11_SDK_VERSION, &swapChainDesc, &g_d3dSwapChain, &g_d3dDevice, &featureLevel, &g_d3dDeviceContext ); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } //Render Target View ID3D11Texture2D* backBuffer; hr = g_d3dSwapChain->GetBuffer(0, __uuidof(ID3D11Texture2D), reinterpret_cast<void**>(&backBuffer)); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateRenderTargetView(backBuffer, nullptr, &g_d3dRenderTargerView); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } SafeRelease(backBuffer); //Depth Stencil View D3D11_TEXTURE2D_DESC depthStencilBufferDesc{}; depthStencilBufferDesc.Width = clientWidth; depthStencilBufferDesc.Height = clientHeight; depthStencilBufferDesc.MipLevels = 1; depthStencilBufferDesc.ArraySize = 1; depthStencilBufferDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_D24_UNORM_S8_UINT; depthStencilBufferDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1; depthStencilBufferDesc.SampleDesc.Quality = 0; depthStencilBufferDesc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT; depthStencilBufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_DEPTH_STENCIL; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateTexture2D(&depthStencilBufferDesc, nullptr, &g_d3dDepthStencilBuffer); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateDepthStencilView(g_d3dDepthStencilBuffer, nullptr, &g_d3dDepthStencilView); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } //Set States D3D11_DEPTH_STENCIL_DESC depthStencilStateDesc{}; depthStencilStateDesc.DepthEnable = true; depthStencilStateDesc.DepthWriteMask = D3D11_DEPTH_WRITE_MASK_ALL; depthStencilStateDesc.DepthFunc = D3D11_COMPARISON_LESS; depthStencilStateDesc.StencilEnable = false; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateDepthStencilState(&depthStencilStateDesc, &g_d3dDepthStencilState); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } D3D11_RASTERIZER_DESC rasterizerStateDesc{}; rasterizerStateDesc.FillMode = D3D11_FILL_SOLID; rasterizerStateDesc.CullMode = D3D11_CULL_BACK; rasterizerStateDesc.FrontCounterClockwise = FALSE; rasterizerStateDesc.DepthClipEnable = TRUE; rasterizerStateDesc.ScissorEnable = FALSE;; rasterizerStateDesc.MultisampleEnable = FALSE; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateRasterizerState(&rasterizerStateDesc, &g_d3dRasterizerState); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } //Set Viewport g_Viewport.Width = static_cast<float>(clientWidth); g_Viewport.Height = static_cast<float>(clientHeight); g_Viewport.TopLeftX = 0.0f; g_Viewport.TopLeftY = 0.0f; g_Viewport.MinDepth = 0.0f; g_Viewport.MaxDepth = 1.0f; return 0; } bool LoadContent() { //Load Shaders HRESULT hr; assert(g_d3dDevice); //VS ID3DBlob* vsBlob = nullptr; D3DReadFileToBlob(L"../Shaders/SimpleVertexShader.cso", &vsBlob); assert(vsBlob); hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateVertexShader(vsBlob->GetBufferPointer(), vsBlob->GetBufferSize(), nullptr, &g_d3dVertexShader); if (FAILED(hr)) { SafeRelease(vsBlob); return false; } //Create VS Input Layout D3D11_INPUT_ELEMENT_DESC vertexLayoutDesc[] = { { "POSITION", 0, DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0, offsetof(VertexPosColor, Position), D3D11_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA ,0 }, { "COLOR", 0, DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0, offsetof(VertexPosColor, Color), D3D11_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA ,0 } }; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateInputLayout(vertexLayoutDesc, _countof(vertexLayoutDesc), vsBlob->GetBufferPointer(), vsBlob->GetBufferSize(), &g_d3dInputLayout); if (FAILED(hr)) { SafeRelease(vsBlob); return false; } SafeRelease(vsBlob); //PS ID3DBlob* psBlob = nullptr; D3DReadFileToBlob(L"../Shaders/SimplePixelShader.cso", &psBlob); assert(psBlob); hr = g_d3dDevice->CreatePixelShader(psBlob->GetBufferPointer(), psBlob->GetBufferSize(), nullptr, &g_d3dPixelShader); SafeRelease(psBlob); if (FAILED(hr)) { return false; } //Load Vertex Buffer D3D11_BUFFER_DESC vertexBufferDesc{}; vertexBufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(VertexPosColor) * _countof(g_Vertices); vertexBufferDesc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT; vertexBufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER; D3D11_SUBRESOURCE_DATA resourceData{}; resourceData.pSysMem = g_Vertices; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc, &resourceData, &g_d3dVertexBuffer); if (FAILED(hr)) { return false; } //Load Index Buffer D3D11_BUFFER_DESC indexBufferDesc{}; indexBufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(WORD) * _countof(g_Indicies); indexBufferDesc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT; indexBufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_INDEX_BUFFER; resourceData.pSysMem = g_Indicies; hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateBuffer(&indexBufferDesc, &resourceData, &g_d3dIndexBuffer); if (FAILED(hr)) { return false; } //Load Constant Buffers D3D11_BUFFER_DESC cBufferDesc{}; cBufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(XMMATRIX); cBufferDesc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT; cBufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_CONSTANT_BUFFER; for (size_t bufferID = 0; bufferID < NumConstantBuffers; bufferID++) { hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateBuffer(&cBufferDesc, nullptr, &g_d3dConstantBuffers[bufferID]); if (FAILED(hr)) { return false; } } //Setup Projection Matrix RECT client{}; GetClientRect(g_WinHnd, &client); float clientWidth = static_cast<float>(client.right - client.left); float clientHeight = static_cast<float>(client.bottom - client.top); g_ProjectionMatrix = DirectX::XMMatrixPerspectiveFovLH(XMConvertToRadians(45.0f), clientWidth / clientHeight, 0.1f, 100.0f); g_d3dDeviceContext->UpdateSubresource(g_d3dConstantBuffers[CB_Application], 0, nullptr, &g_ProjectionMatrix, 0, 0); return true; } void Update(float deltaTime) { XMVECTOR eyePosition = XMVectorSet(0, 0, -10, 1); XMVECTOR focusPoint = XMVectorSet(0, 0, 0, 1); XMVECTOR upDirection = XMVectorSet(0, 1, 0, 0); g_ViewMatrix = DirectX::XMMatrixLookAtLH(eyePosition, focusPoint, upDirection); g_d3dDeviceContext->UpdateSubresource(g_d3dConstantBuffers[CB_Frame], 0, nullptr, &g_ViewMatrix, 0, 0); static float angle = 0.0f; angle += 90.0f * deltaTime; XMVECTOR rotationAxis = XMVectorSet(0, 1, 1, 0); g_WorldMatrix = DirectX::XMMatrixRotationAxis(rotationAxis, XMConvertToRadians(angle)); g_d3dDeviceContext->UpdateSubresource(g_d3dConstantBuffers[CB_Object], 0, nullptr, &g_WorldMatrix, 0, 0); } void Clear(const FLOAT clearColor[4], FLOAT clearDepth, UINT8 clearStencil) { g_d3dDeviceContext->ClearRenderTargetView(g_d3dRenderTargerView, clearColor); g_d3dDeviceContext->ClearDepthStencilView(g_d3dDepthStencilView, D3D11_CLEAR_DEPTH | D3D11_CLEAR_STENCIL, clearDepth, clearStencil); } void Present(bool vSync) { if (vSync) { g_d3dSwapChain->Present(1, 0); } else { g_d3dSwapChain->Present(0, 0); } } void Render() { assert(g_d3dDevice); assert(g_d3dDeviceContext); Clear(Colors::CornflowerBlue, 1.0f, 0); //IA const UINT vertexStride = sizeof(VertexPosColor); const UINT offset = 0; g_d3dDeviceContext->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &g_d3dVertexBuffer, &vertexStride, &offset); g_d3dDeviceContext->IASetInputLayout(g_d3dInputLayout); g_d3dDeviceContext->IASetIndexBuffer(g_d3dIndexBuffer, DXGI_FORMAT_R16_UINT, 0); g_d3dDeviceContext->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D11_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLELIST); //VS g_d3dDeviceContext->VSSetShader(g_d3dVertexShader, nullptr, 0); g_d3dDeviceContext->VSGetConstantBuffers(0, NumConstantBuffers, g_d3dConstantBuffers); //RS g_d3dDeviceContext->RSSetState(g_d3dRasterizerState); g_d3dDeviceContext->RSSetViewports(1, &g_Viewport); //PS g_d3dDeviceContext->PSSetShader(g_d3dPixelShader, nullptr, 0); //OM g_d3dDeviceContext->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &g_d3dRenderTargerView, g_d3dDepthStencilView); g_d3dDeviceContext->OMSetDepthStencilState(g_d3dDepthStencilState, 1); //draw g_d3dDeviceContext->DrawIndexed(_countof(g_Indicies), 0, 0); Present(g_EnableVSync); } void CleanUp() { SafeRelease(g_d3dVertexShader); SafeRelease(g_d3dPixelShader); SafeRelease(g_d3dVertexBuffer); SafeRelease(g_d3dIndexBuffer); SafeRelease(g_d3dInputLayout); SafeRelease(g_d3dDepthStencilBuffer); for (size_t bufferID = 0; bufferID < NumConstantBuffers; bufferID++) { SafeRelease(g_d3dConstantBuffers[bufferID]); } SafeRelease(g_d3dDepthStencilState); SafeRelease(g_d3dRasterizerState); SafeRelease(g_d3dRenderTargerView); SafeRelease(g_d3dDepthStencilView); SafeRelease(g_d3dSwapChain); SafeRelease(g_d3dDeviceContext); SafeRelease(g_d3dDevice); }  
    • By MarcusAseth
      Hi guys, I'm trying to learn this stuff but running into some problems 😕
      I've compiled my .hlsl into a header file which contains the global variable with the precompiled shader data:
      //... // Approximately 83 instruction slots used #endif const BYTE g_vs[] = { 68, 88, 66, 67, 143, 82, 13, 236, 152, 133, 219, 113, 173, 135, 18, 87, 122, 208, 124, 76, 1, 0, 0, 0, 16, 76, 0, 0, 6, 0, //.... And now following the "Compiling at build time to header files" example at this msdn link , I've included the header files in my main.cpp and I'm trying to create the vertex shader like this:
      hr = g_d3dDevice->CreateVertexShader(g_vs, sizeof(g_vs), nullptr, &g_d3dVertexShader); if (FAILED(hr)) { return -1; } and this is failing, entering the if and returing -1.
      Can someone point out what I'm doing wrong? 😕 
    • By Toastmastern
      Hello everyone,
      After a few years of break from coding and my planet render game I'm giving it a go again from a different angle. What I'm struggling with now is that I have created a Frustum that works fine for now atleast, it does what it's supose to do alltho not perfect. But with the frustum came very low FPS, since what I'm doing right now just to see if the Frustum worked is to recreate the vertex buffer every frame that the camera detected movement. This is of course very costly and not the way to do it. Thats why I'm now trying to learn how to create a dynamic vertexbuffer instead and to map and unmap the vertexes, in the end my goal is to update only part of the vertexbuffer that is needed, but one step at a time ^^

      So below is my code which I use to create the Dynamic buffer. The issue is that I want the size of the vertex buffer to be big enough to handle bigger vertex buffers then just mPlanetMesh.vertices.size() due to more vertices being added later when I start to do LOD and stuff, the first render isn't the biggest one I will need.
      vertexBufferDesc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DYNAMIC; vertexBufferDesc.ByteWidth = mPlanetMesh.vertices.size(); vertexBufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER; vertexBufferDesc.CPUAccessFlags = D3D11_CPU_ACCESS_WRITE; vertexBufferDesc.MiscFlags = 0; vertexBufferDesc.StructureByteStride = 0; vertexData.pSysMem = &mPlanetMesh.vertices[0]; vertexData.SysMemPitch = 0; vertexData.SysMemSlicePitch = 0; result = device->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc, &vertexData, &mVertexBuffer); if (FAILED(result)) { return false; } What happens is that the 
      result = device->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc, &vertexData, &mVertexBuffer); Makes it crash due to Access Violation. When I put the vertices.size() in it works without issues, but when I try to set it to like vertices.size() * 2 it crashes.
      I googled my eyes dry tonight but doesn't seem to find people with the same kind of issue, I've read that the vertex buffer can be bigger if needed. What I'm I doing wrong here?
       
      Best Regards and Thanks in advance
      Toastmastern
    • By yonisi
      Hi,
      I have a terrain engine where the terrain and water are on different grids. So I'm trying to render planar reflections of the terrain into the water grid. After reading some web pages and docs and also trying to learn from the RasterTek reflections demo and the small water bodies demo as well. What I do is as follows:
      1. Create a Reflection view matrix  - Technically I ONLY flip the camera position in the Y direction (Positive Y is up) and add to it 2 * waterLevel. Then I update the View matrix and I save that matrix for later. The code:
      void Camera::UpdateReflectionViewMatrix( float waterLevel ) { mBackupPosition = mPosition; mBackupLook = mLook; mPosition.y = -mPosition.y + 2.0f * waterLevel; //mLook.y = -mLook.y + 2.0f * waterLevel; UpdateViewMatrix(); mReflectionView = View(); } 2. I render the Terrain geometry to a 512x512 sized Render target by using the Reflection view matrix and an opposite culling (My Terrain is using front culling by nature so I'm using back culling for the Reflction render pass). Let me say that I checked with the Graphics debugger and the Reflection Render target looks "OK" at this stage (Picture attached). I don't know if the fact that the terrain is shown only at the top are of the texture is expected or not, but it seems OK.

      3. Render the Reflection texture into the water using projective texturing - I hope this step is OK code wise. Basically I'm sending to the shader the WorldReflectionViewProj matrix that was created at step 1 in order to use it for the projective texture coordinates, I then convert the position in the DS (Water and terrain are drawn with Tessellation) to the projective tex coords using that WorldReflectionViewProj matrix, then I sample the reflection texture after setting up the coordinates in the PS. Here is the code:
      //Send the ReflectionWorldViewProj matrix to the shader: XMStoreFloat4x4(&mPerFrameCB.Data.ReflectionWorldViewProj, XMMatrixTranspose( ( mWorld * pCam->GetReflectedView() ) * mProj )); //Setting up the Projective tex coords in the DS: Output.projTexPosition = mul(float4(worldPos.xyz, 1), g_ReflectionWorldViewProj); //Setting up the coords in the PS and sampling the reflection texture: float2 projTexCoords; projTexCoords.x = input.projTexPosition.x / input.projTexPosition.w / 2.0 + 0.5; projTexCoords.y = -input.projTexPosition.y / input.projTexPosition.w / 2.0 + 0.5; projTexCoords += normal.xz * 0.025; float4 reflectionColor = gReflectionMap.SampleLevel(SamplerClampLinear, projTexCoords, 0); texColor += reflectionColor * 0.25; I'll add that when compiling the PS I'm getting a warning on those dividing by input.projTexPosition.w for a possible float division by 0, I tried to add some offset or some minimum to the dividing term but that still not solved my issue.
      Here is the problem itself. At relatively flat view angles I'm seeing correct reflections (Or at least so it seems), but as I pitch the camera down, I'm seeing those artifacts which I have no idea where are coming from. I'm culling the terrain in the reflection render pass when it's lower than water height (I have heightmaps for that).
       
      Any help will be appreciated because I don't know what is wrong or where else to look.
    • By thmfrnk
      Hi,
      I am looking for a usefull commandline based texture compression tool with the rights to be able to ship with my application. It should have following caps:
      Supports all major image format as source files (jpeg, png, tga, bmp) Export as DDS Compression Formats BC1, BC2, BC3, BC4, BC7 I am actually using the nvdxt tool from Nvidia, but it does not support BC4 (which I need for one-channel 8bit textures). Everything else which I found wasn't really useful.
      Any suggestions?
      Thx
       
    • By trojanfoe
      I have been trying to create a BlendState for my UI text sprites so that they are both alpha-blended (so you can see them) and invert the pixel they are rendered over (again, so you can see them).
      In order to get alpha blending you would need:
      SrcBlend = SRC_ALPHA DestBlend = INV_SRC_ALPHA and in order to have inverted colours you would need something like:
      SrcBlend = INV_DEST_COLOR DestBlend = INV_SRC_COLOR and you can't have both.
      So I have come to the conclusion that it's not possible; am I right?
    • By Royma
      In traditional way, it needs 6 passes for a point light and many passes for cascaded shadow mapping to generate shadow maps. Recently I learnt a method that using a geometry shader to generate all the shadow maps in one pass.I specify a render target and a depth-stencil buffer which are both Texture2dArray in DirectX11.It looks much better than the traditional way I think.But after I implemented it, I found cascaded shadow mapping runs much slower than the traditional way.The fps slow down from 60 to 35.I don't know why.I guess may be I should do some culling or maybe the geometry shader is not efficient.
      I want to know the reason that I reduced the drawcalls from 8 to 1, but it runs slow down.Should I abandon this method or is there any way to optimize this method to run more efficiently than multi-pass rendering?
      Here is the gs code:

      [maxvertexcount(24)]
      void main(
          triangle DepthGsIn input[3] : SV_POSITION,
          inout TriangleStream< DepthPsIn > output
      )
      {
          for (uint k = 0; k < 8; ++k)
          {
              DepthPsIn element;
              element.RTIndex = k;
              for (uint i = 0; i < 3; ++i)
              {
                  float2 shadowSlopeBias = calculateShadowSlopeBias(input.normal, -g_cameras[k].world[1]);
                  float shadowBias = shadowSlopeBias.y * g_cameras[k].shadowMapParameters.x + g_cameras[k].shadowMapParameters.y;
                  element.position = input.position + shadowBias * g_cameras[k].world[1];
                  element.position = mul(element.position, g_cameras[k].viewProjection);
                  element.depth = element.position.z / element.position.w;
                  
                  output.Append(element);
              }
              output.RestartStrip();
          }
      }
       
    • By savail
      Hey,
      There are a few things which confuse me regarding DirectX 11 and HLSL shaders in general. I would be very grateful for your advice!
      1. Let's take for example a scene which invokes 2 totally separate pipeline render passes interchangeably. I understand I need to bind correct shaders for each of the render pass and potentially blend/depth or rasterizer state but what about resources such as Constant Buffers, Shader Resource Views and Unordered Access Views? Assuming that the second render pass uses none of the resources used by the first pass, do I still need to unbind the resources and clean pipeline state after first pass? Or is it ok to leave pipeline with unbound garbage since anything I'd need to bind for second pass would overwrite contents in the appropriate register slots anyway?
      2. Is it a good practice to assign register slots manually to all resources in HLSL?
      3. I thought about assigning manually register slots for every distinct render pass up to the maximum slot limit if neccessary. For example in 1 render pass I invoke 3 CS's, 2 VS's and 2 PS's and for all resources used by those shaders I try to fill as many register slots as neccessary and potentially reuse many times the same slot in shaders sharing the same resource. I was wondering if there is any performance penalty or gain when I bind all of my needed resources at the start of render pass and never gonna have to do it again until next render pass? - this means potentially binding a lot of registers and having excessive number of bound resources for every shader that is run.
      4. Is it a good practice to create a separate include file for every resource that occurs in >= 2 shader files or is it better to duplicate the declarations? In first case, the code is imo easier to maintain and edit but might be harder to read if there's too many includes. I've come up with a compromise between these 2 like this: create a separate include file for every CB that occurs in >= 2 shader files and a separate include file for every sampler I ever need to use. All other resources like srvs and uavs I prefer to duplicate in multiple shaders because they take much less space than CB for example... I'm not sure however if that's a good practice
    • By Kris1992
      I want implement Particle system based on stream out structure to my bigger project. I saw few articles about that method and I build one particle. It works almost correctly but in geometry shader with stream out i cant get value of InitVel.z and age because it always is 0. If i change order of age(for example age is before Position) it works fine for age but 6th float of order is still 0. It looks like he push only 5 first positions. I had no idea what i do wrong because i try change almost all(create input layout for vertex, the same like entry SO Declaration, change number of strides for static 28, change it to 32 but in this case he draw chaotic so size of strides is probably good). I think it is problem with limits of NumEntry in declaration Entry but on site msdn i saw the limit for directx is D3D11_SO_STREAM_COUNT(4)*D3D11_SO_OUTPUT_COMPONENT_COUNT(128) not 5. Pls can you look in this code and give me the way or hope of implement it correctly?? Thanks a lot for help.   
      Structure of particle struct Particle{ Particle() {} Particle(float x, float y, float z,float vx, float vy, float vz,float l /*UINT typ*/) :InitPos(x, y, z), InitVel(vx, vy, vz), Age(l) /*, Type(typ)*/{} XMFLOAT3 InitPos; XMFLOAT3 InitVel; float Age; //UINT Type; }; SO Entry D3D11_SO_DECLARATION_ENTRY PartlayoutSO[] = { { 0,"POSITION", 0, 0 , 3, 0 }, // output all components of position { 0,"VELOCITY", 0, 0, 3, 0 }, { 0,"AGE", 0, 0, 1, 0 } //{ 0,"TYPE", 0, 0, 1, 0 } }; Global Variables //streamout shaders ID3D11VertexShader* Part_VSSO; ID3D11GeometryShader* Part_GSSO; ID3DBlob *Part_GSSO_Buffer; ID3DBlob *Part_VSSO_Buffer; //normal shaders ID3D11VertexShader* Part_VS; ID3D11GeometryShader* Part_GS; ID3DBlob *Part_GS_Buffer; ID3D11PixelShader* Part_PS; ID3DBlob *Part_VS_Buffer; ID3DBlob *Part_PS_Buffer; ID3D11Buffer* PartVertBufferInit; //ID3D11Buffer* Popy; ID3D11Buffer* mDrawVB; ID3D11Buffer* mStreamOutVB; ID3D11InputLayout* PartVertLayout;// I try to set input layout too void ParticleSystem::InitParticles() { mFirstRun = true; srand(time(NULL)); hr = D3DCompileFromFile(L"ParticleVertexShaderSO4.hlsl", NULL, D3D_COMPILE_STANDARD_FILE_INCLUDE, "main", "vs_5_0", NULL, NULL, &Part_VSSO_Buffer, NULL); hr = D3DCompileFromFile(L"ParticleGeometryShaderSO4.hlsl", NULL, D3D_COMPILE_STANDARD_FILE_INCLUDE, "main", "gs_5_0", NULL, NULL, &Part_GSSO_Buffer, NULL); UINT StrideArray[1] = { sizeof(Particle) };//I try to set static 28 bits-7*4 per float hr = device->CreateVertexShader(Part_VSSO_Buffer->GetBufferPointer(), Part_VSSO_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), NULL, &Part_VSSO); hr = device->CreateGeometryShaderWithStreamOutput(Part_GSSO_Buffer- >GetBufferPointer(), Part_GSSO_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), PartlayoutSO ,3/* sizeof(PartlayoutSO)*/ , StrideArray, 1,D3D11_SO_NO_RASTERIZED_STREAM, NULL,&Part_GSSO); //Draw Shaders hr = D3DCompileFromFile(L"ParticleVertexShaderDRAW4.hlsl", NULL, D3D_COMPILE_STANDARD_FILE_INCLUDE, "main", "vs_5_0", NULL, NULL, &Part_VS_Buffer, NULL); hr = D3DCompileFromFile(L"ParticleGeometryShaderDRAW4.hlsl", NULL, D3D_COMPILE_STANDARD_FILE_INCLUDE, "main", "gs_5_0", NULL, NULL, &Part_GS_Buffer, NULL); hr = D3DCompileFromFile(L"ParticlePixelShaderDRAW4.hlsl", NULL, D3D_COMPILE_STANDARD_FILE_INCLUDE, "main", "ps_5_0", NULL, NULL, &Part_PS_Buffer, NULL); hr = device->CreateVertexShader(Part_VS_Buffer->GetBufferPointer(), Part_VS_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), NULL, &Part_VS); hr = device->CreateGeometryShader(Part_GS_Buffer->GetBufferPointer(), Part_GS_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), NULL, &Part_GS); hr = device->CreatePixelShader(Part_PS_Buffer->GetBufferPointer(), Part_PS_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), NULL, &Part_PS); BuildVertBuffer(); } void ParticleSystem::BuildVertBuffer() { D3D11_BUFFER_DESC vertexBufferDesc1; ZeroMemory(&vertexBufferDesc1, sizeof(vertexBufferDesc1)); vertexBufferDesc1.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT; vertexBufferDesc1.ByteWidth = sizeof(Particle)*1; //*numParticles; vertexBufferDesc1.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER;// | D3D11_BIND_STREAM_OUTPUT; vertexBufferDesc1.CPUAccessFlags = 0; vertexBufferDesc1.MiscFlags = 0; vertexBufferDesc1.StructureByteStride = 0;// I tried to comment this too Particle p; ZeroMemory(&p, sizeof(Particle)); p.InitPos = XMFLOAT3(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f); p.InitVel = XMFLOAT3(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f); p.Age = 0.0f; //p.Type = 100.0f; D3D11_SUBRESOURCE_DATA vertexBufferData1; ZeroMemory(&vertexBufferData1, sizeof(vertexBufferData1)); vertexBufferData1.pSysMem = &p;//było &p vertexBufferData1.SysMemPitch = 0; vertexBufferData1.SysMemSlicePitch = 0; hr = device->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc1, &vertexBufferData1, &PartVertBufferInit); ZeroMemory(&vertexBufferDesc1, sizeof(vertexBufferDesc1)); vertexBufferDesc1.ByteWidth = sizeof(Particle) * numParticles; vertexBufferDesc1.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER | D3D11_BIND_STREAM_OUTPUT; hr = device->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc1, 0, &mDrawVB); hr = device->CreateBuffer(&vertexBufferDesc1, 0, &mStreamOutVB); } void ParticleSystem::LoadDataParticles() { UINT stride = sizeof(Particle); UINT offset = 0; //Create the Input Layout //device->CreateInputLayout(Partlayout, numElementsPart, Part_VSSO_Buffer- //>GetBufferPointer(), // Part_VSSO_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), &PartVertLayout); //Set the Input Layout //context->IASetInputLayout(PartVertLayout); //Set Primitive Topology context->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D11_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_POINTLIST); if (mFirstRun) { // context->CopyResource(Popy, PartVertBufferInit); context->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &PartVertBufferInit, &stride, &offset); } else { context->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &mDrawVB, &stride, &offset); } context->SOSetTargets(1, &mStreamOutVB, &offset); context->VSSetShader(Part_VSSO, NULL, 0); context->GSSetShader(Part_GSSO, NULL, 0); context->PSSetShader(NULL, NULL, 0); //context->PSSetShader(Part_PS, NULL, 0); ID3D11DepthStencilState* depthState;//disable depth D3D11_DEPTH_STENCIL_DESC depthStateDesc; depthStateDesc.DepthEnable = false; depthStateDesc.DepthWriteMask = D3D11_DEPTH_WRITE_MASK_ZERO; device->CreateDepthStencilState(&depthStateDesc, &depthState); context->OMSetDepthStencilState(depthState, 0); if (mFirstRun) { //mFirstRun; context->Draw(1, 0); mFirstRun = false; } else { context->DrawAuto(); } //} // done streaming-out--unbind the vertex buffer ID3D11Buffer* bufferArray[1] = { 0 }; context->SOSetTargets(1, bufferArray, &offset); // ping-pong the vertex buffers std::swap(mStreamOutVB, mDrawVB); // Draw the updated particle system we just streamed-out. //Create the Input Layout //device->CreateInputLayout(Partlayout, numElementsPart, Part_VS_Buffer- //>GetBufferPointer(), // Part_VS_Buffer->GetBufferSize(), &PartVertLayout); //Set the normal Input Layout //context->IASetInputLayout(PartVertLayout); context->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &mDrawVB, &stride, &offset); ZeroMemory(&depthStateDesc, sizeof(depthStateDesc)); depthStateDesc.DepthEnable = true; depthStateDesc.DepthWriteMask = D3D11_DEPTH_WRITE_MASK_ZERO; device->CreateDepthStencilState(&depthStateDesc, &depthState); context->OMSetDepthStencilState(depthState, 0); //I tried add normal layout here the same like Entry SO but no changes //Set Primitive Topology //context->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D11_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_POINTLIST); context->VSSetShader(Part_VS, NULL, 0); context->GSSetShader(Part_GS, NULL, 0); context->PSSetShader(Part_PS, NULL, 0); context->DrawAuto(); //mFirstRun = true; context->GSSetShader(NULL, NULL, 0); } void ParticleSystem::RenderParticles() { //mFirstRun = true; LoadDataParticles(); } And the code of shaders: VertexShader to stream out struct Particle { float3 InitPos : POSITION; float3 InitVel : VELOCITY; float Age : AGE; //uint Type : TYPE; }; Particle main(Particle vin) { return vin;// just push data into geomtrywithso } GeometrywithSo struct Particle { float3 InitPos : POSITION; float3 InitVel : VELOCITY; float Age : AGE; //uint Type : TYPE; }; float RandomPosition(float offset) { float u = Time + offset;// (Time + offset); float v = ObjTexture13.SampleLevel(ObjSamplerState, u, 0).r; return (v); } [maxvertexcount(6)] void main( point Particle gin[1], inout PointStream< Particle > Output ) { //gin[0].Age = Time; if ( StartPart == 1.0f ) { //if (gin[0].Age < 100.0f) //{ for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++) { float3 VelRandom; //= 5.0f * RandomPosition((float)i / 5.0f); VelRandom.y = 10.0f+i; VelRandom.x = 35 * i* RandomPosition((float)i / 5.0f);//+ offse; VelRandom.z = 10.0f;//35*i * RandomPosition((float)i / 5.0f); Particle p; p.InitPos = VelRandom;//float3(0.0f, 5.0f, 0.0f); //+ VelRandom; p.InitVel = float3(10.0f, 10.0f, 10.0f); p.Age = 0.0f;//VelRandom.y; //p.Type = PT_FLARE; Output.Append(p); } Output.Append(gin[0]); } else if (StartPart == 0.0f) { if (gin[0].Age >= 0) { Output.Append(gin[0]); } } } If I change Age in geometry with so: for example Age += Time from const buffer In geometry shader its fine once but in draw shader it is 0 and next time if it is reading in geometry with so it is 0 too. Vertex shader to draw struct VertexOut { float3 Pos : POSITION; float4 Colour : COLOR; //uint Type : TYPE; }; struct Particle { float3 InitPos : POSITION; float3 InitVel : VELOCITY; float Age : AGE; // uint Type : TYPE; }; VertexOut main(Particle vin) { VertexOut vout; float3 gAccelW = float3(0.0f, -0.98f, 0.0f); float t = vin.Age; //float b = Time/10000; // constant Acceleration equation vout.Pos = vin.InitVel+ (0.7f * gAccelW)*Time/100; //vout.Pos.x = t; vout.Colour = float4(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f); //vout.Age = vout.Pos.y; //vout.Type = vin.Type; return vout; } Geometry shader to change point into line struct VertexOut { float3 Pos : POSITION; float4 Colour : COLOR; //uint Type : TYPE; }; struct GSOutput { float4 Pos : SV_POSITION; float4 Colour : COLOR; //float2 Tex : TEXCOORD; }; [maxvertexcount(2)] void main( point VertexOut gin[1], inout LineStream< GSOutput > Output ) { float3 gAccelW = float3(0.0f, -0.98f, 0.0f); //if (gin[0].Type != PT_EMITTER) { float4 v[2]; v[0] = float4(gin[0].Pos, 1.0f); v[1] = float4((gin[0].Pos + gAccelW), 1.0f); GSOutput gout; [unroll] for (int i = 0; i < 2; ++i) { gout.Pos = mul(v[i], WVP);// mul(v[i], gViewProj); gout.Colour = gin[0].Colour; Output.Append(gout); } } } And pixel Shader struct GSOutput { float4 Pos : SV_POSITION; float4 Colour : COLOR; }; float4 main(GSOutput pin) : SV_TARGET { return pin.Colour; }  
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