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Shawn619

Attenuation shader, correct or not correct?

3 posts in this topic

Is this the correct way of calculating and applying attenuation?

 

This is my basic diffuse shader with attenuation:

 

.vert

varying vec3 vertex_light_position;

varying vec3 vertex_light_half_vector;

varying vec4 color;

varying vec3 N;

varying vec3 v;
 void main(void)

{

    v = vec3(gl_ModelViewMatrix * gl_Vertex);

    N = normalize(gl_NormalMatrix * gl_Normal);
    color = gl_Color;

    vertex_light_position = normalize(gl_LightSource[0].position.xyz);
    vertex_light_half_vector = normalize(gl_LightSource[0].halfVector.xyz);



    gl_Position = gl_ModelViewProjectionMatrix * gl_Vertex;

}

 

.frag

varying vec3 vertex_light_position;

varying vec3 vertex_light_half_vector;

varying vec4 color;

varying vec3 N;

varying vec3 v;
void main()

{ 

   float constantAttenuation=1.0;

   float linearAttenuation=1.0;

   float quadraticAttenuation=0.02;
   float dist = length(gl_LightSource[0].position - v);

   float att = 1.0/(constantAttenuation + (linearAttenuation * dist) + (quadraticAttenuation * dist * dist));


   vec3 L = normalize(gl_LightSource[0].position.xyz - v);

   vec3 E = normalize(-v);

   vec3 R = normalize(reflect(-L,N));

  

   vec4 diffuse_color = vec4(0.0,1.0,0.0,0.0);

   float diffuse_value = max(dot(N,L), 0.0);

  

   if (gl_FrontFacing){

       gl_FragColor = color + (((diffuse_color-color) * (diffuse_value))*att);

   }else{

       gl_FragColor = color;

   }

  

}
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The attenuation equation is 1/(k_c + k_l * d + k_q * d * d) so apparently in your code you got it right (d is distance, k_c constant coef., k_l linear coef., k_q quadratic coef.).

 

The thing is, that distance can grow quite fast, and at mere distance of 10 points your light intensity (in your case) is 1 / (1.0 + 1.0 * 10 + 0.02 * 10 * 10) = 1/13 ... so everything at distance of 10 will be quite dark (intensity less than 0.1).

 

So if you're getting dark image, just try to fine tune attenuation factors - linear should be just a fraction of constant attenuation and quadratic should be just a fraction of linear attenuation. For example: using 1.0 as constant coefficient, 0.007 as linear coefficient and 0.00003 as quadratic coefficient yields half intensity at distance of 100.

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Should be noted that there is no "correct" way of calculating attenuation in the shader-based world; the constant/linear/quadratic equation is consistent with old-school fixed-pipeline attenuation formulae, but with shaders you can use any attenuation formula you wish.

 

For a physically "correct" formula for light attenuation, you just need inverse-square (i.e. the quadratic portion of the formula you're currently using) but, once again, if using a different formula looks better with your source data or otherwise meets your requirements better, then by all means use it.

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