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Ricardo Coutinho

Loading .Wav file with OpenAL - Incorrect AudioFormat

4 posts in this topic

Hi everyone,

 

I'm new to game development and have a little c/c++ experience.

 

The other day i was following this tutorial of XCode GLUT C++ on Youtube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psRfYZNyOpI

The above video is about loading a .WAV file using OpenAL in c++.

 

The youtuber was coding with reference to Microsoft's WAVE PCM soundfile format here: 

https://ccrma.stanford.edu/courses/422/projects/WaveFormat/

 

I have been following his code and explanations but i encountered a problem that i think he didn't.

My sound file is not the same, i got a free mario_01.wav from: 

http://www.talkingwav.com/nintendo_wav_sounds.html

 

According to the soundfile format the AudioFormat should be 1 (Linear Quantization), but i keep getting the value of 85 which indicates it is compressed. 

 

How do i solve this problem?

Should i decompress the file? If yes, how?

Should i get another sound file? how to get the correct AudioFormat ?

Any other way?

Any corrections to the code below?

 

The following code is the method to load the wave file, the variable AudioFormat is concerned with the issue the issue:

Sound* Sound::loadWAVE(const char* filename) {
    FILE* fp = NULL;
    
    fp = fopen(filename, "r");
    if (!fp) {
        cout << "Could NOT open: " << filename << "!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
        
    char* ChunkID = new char[4];
    fread(ChunkID, 4, sizeof(char), fp);
        
    if (strcmp(ChunkID, "RIFF")) {
        delete [] ChunkID;
        cout << "Not RIFF!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
    
    fseek(fp, 8, SEEK_SET);
    char* Format = new char[4];
    fread(Format, 4, sizeof(char), fp);
        
    if (strcmp(Format, "WAVE")) {
        delete [] ChunkID;
        delete [] Format;
        cout << "Not WAVE!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
    
    char* SubChunk1ID = new char[4];
    fread(SubChunk1ID, 4, sizeof(char), fp);

    if (strcmp(SubChunk1ID, "fmt ")) {
        delete [] ChunkID;
        delete [] Format;
        delete [] SubChunk1ID;
        cout << "Corrupt SubChunk1ID!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
    
    unsigned int SubChunk1Size;
    fread(&SubChunk1Size, 1, sizeof(unsigned int), fp);
    unsigned int SubChunk2Location = (unsigned int)ftell(fp) + SubChunk1Size;

    // -------------------------------------- THIS PART

    unsigned short AudioFormat;
    fread(&AudioFormat, 1, sizeof(unsigned short), fp);
    
    if (AudioFormat != 1) { // AudioFormat = 85, should be 1
        delete [] ChunkID;
        delete [] Format;
        delete [] SubChunk1ID;
        cout << "Audio is NOT PCM!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }

    // --------------------------------------

    unsigned short NumChannels;
    fread(&NumChannels, 1, sizeof(unsigned short), fp);
    unsigned int SampleRate;
    fread(&SampleRate, 1, sizeof(unsigned int), fp);
    
    fseek(fp, 34, SEEK_SET);
    
    unsigned short BitsPerSample;
    fread(&BitsPerSample, 1, sizeof(unsigned short), fp);
    
    int ALFormat;
    if (NumChannels == 1 && BitsPerSample == 8) {
        ALFormat = AL_FORMAT_MONO8;
    } else if (NumChannels == 1 && BitsPerSample == 16) {
        ALFormat = AL_FORMAT_MONO16;
    } else if (NumChannels == 2 && BitsPerSample == 8) {
        ALFormat = AL_FORMAT_STEREO8;
    } else if (NumChannels == 2 && BitsPerSample == 16) {
        ALFormat = AL_FORMAT_STEREO16;
    } else {
        delete [] ChunkID;
        delete [] Format;
        delete [] SubChunk1ID;
        cout << "Audio is Not correctly formatted!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
    
    fseek(fp, SubChunk2Location, SEEK_SET);
    char* SubChunk2ID = new char[4];
    fread(SubChunk2ID, 4, sizeof(char), fp);
    
    if (strcmp(SubChunk2ID, "data")) {
        delete [] ChunkID;
        delete [] Format;
        delete [] SubChunk1ID;
        delete [] SubChunk2ID;
        cout << "Corrupt SubChunk2ID!" << endl;
        fclose(fp);
        return NULL;
    }
    
    unsigned int SubChunk2Size;
    fread(&SubChunk2Size, 1, sizeof(unsigned int), fp);
    
    unsigned char* Data = new unsigned char[SubChunk2Size];
    fread(Data, SubChunk2Size, sizeof(unsigned char), fp);
    
    delete [] ChunkID;
    delete [] Format;
    delete [] SubChunk1ID;
    delete [] SubChunk2ID;
    fclose(fp);
    
    return new Sound(ALFormat, SampleRate, Data, SubChunk2Size);
    
}

Thank you in advance for your patience and help!

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you could try opening and re-saving it in something like Audacity.

 

the format tag seems to imply that the audio is actually encoded as MP3, which would require using an MP3 decoder to decode it.

Edited by cr88192
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If you want to work with compressed files then the following OpenAL / Ogg tutorial is very useful.

 

http://www.gamedev.net/page/resources/_/technical/game-programming/introduction-to-ogg-vorbis-r2031

 

The Ogg format is great because it works with pretty much any platform and can be converted to / from using open-source software such as audacity.

Edited by Karsten_
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