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How to use GluLookAt () ?

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Good day ! I am still new in OpenGL programming. I try to use GluLookAt() to manipulate the view of my scene. Weird enough, I get no effect at all after I add the code inside the Display() function. I wonder what''s wrong with it ? Where should I implement GluLookAt actually ? I mean in which function ? in Init() ? in Display() ? Thanks a lot !

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gluLookAt(..) takes nine parameters.

the first three are the "camera's" x, y, and z coordinates, the next three are the coordinates that its looking at, and the next three are statically 0,1,0.


gluLookAt(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 5.0, 5.0, 5.0, 0, 1, 0);

the above line would position the camera at 0,0,0 and you'd be looking at 5,5,5...

If you want everything to be upside down, have the last three be 0,-1,0... The are the camera tilt coords.

Anyway, have fun, and remember that its only the first six that you really want.

BTW, you would use this function somewhere before you draw your code, probably after you stacked a matrix, but I would place it in my rendering function.


Edited by - Zeus_ on October 31, 2001 9:10:59 AM

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void gluLookAt(GLdouble eyex, GLdouble eyey, GLdouble eyez, GLdouble centerx, GLdouble centery, GLdouble centerz, GLdouble upx, GLdouble upy, GLdouble upz);

eyex, eyey, eyez
The position of the eye point.
centerx, centery, centerz
The position of the reference point.
upx, upy, upz
The direction of the up vector.

The gluLookAt function creates a viewing matrix derived from an eye point, a reference point indicating the center of the scene, and an up vector. The matrix maps the reference point to the negative z-axis and the eye point to the origin, so that when you use a typical projection matrix, the center of the scene maps to the center of the viewport. Similarly, the direction described by the up vector projected onto the viewing plane is mapped to the positive y-axis so that it points upward in the viewport. The up vector must not be parallel to the line of sight from the eye to the reference point.

The matrix generated by gluLookAt postmultiplies the current matrix.

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one reason it may not have worked is if you put it in your projection matrix.

DO NOT DO THIS. (can''t emphasise it enough - most common mimstake I made when starting out)

You''ll usually want no other transforms in GL_PROJECTION other than glLoadIdentity and gluOrtho2D/gluPerspective.

gluLookAt should most likely be third in rendering function after glClear and glLoadIdentity.

I disagree that you''ll find it after a glPush - that''d be a rare situation. You usually glPush right after setting up the camera position with gluLookAt so you can translate and draw and get back to where you once belonged with glPopMatrix

Brett Porter
PortaLib3D : A portable 3D game/demo libary for OpenGL
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Good day again !

Basically , I found that the matrix stuff in OpenGL really consuging.

I still not sure what''s wrong with my codes.

Below is the code I wish to have the gluLookAt() to implement with.


glTranslatef (-0.8, 0.0, 0.0);
glRotatef ((GLfloat) f1_joint1, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
glTranslatef (0.7, 0.0, 0.0);
glutWireCube (1.0);

Where should I implement the gluLookAt() so that I can have camera effects to rotate around in the scene ?

Thanks a lot !


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