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Remi Noorlind

2D or 3D star map?

23 posts in this topic

I am starting to develop a space empire building game. I have made a rough prototype in Python, but now I am redoing it in C++. But I can't deside wether to do a 3D map or 2D map.

 

I envision that the 3D map was something like in this video. Skip to about 00:10 to see the 3D star map.

 

I don't think that implementing it would be any more difficult than implementing 2D map. Only thing that would change, is that every object has additional coordinate. I don't plan on having too many objects cluttering the space anyways. Dots for stars and triangles for fleets. A fairly minimalistic game, where I try to keep everything at macro level. Implementing map overlays, on the other hand, would require an innovative approach.

 

I am worried that a 3D map would be too confusing.

 

Help me decide, please.

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Well since the current  scientific theories suggest the universe is more or less flat I'd make it 2D.

 

Also 2D is far more easier to work with and visualize for the player. For one thing you don't have to start rotating the star map around to find which is the closest planet to send your fleet to.

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Ask yourself what going 3D will add to the game. 

 

Negatives to 3D are that it is harder to visualize, and represents a vastly more complex world to work with. 

 

Positives are that it represents a vastly more complex world to work with. (You have to pick if that is actually a positive or negative impact on your game.)

 

Personally I like 3D when it comes to something that I explore, but control relatively few things in. 3D strategy games become far more complex and aren't always actually an improvement over similar designs done in 2D fields.

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Navigating with a 3D star map gets very complicated. 

 

I favour a 2.5D approach. At maximum zoom have a 2D map, once you get down to a dozen or so star systems, go to a 2.5D system.

 

Something like an isometric view would work

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2D, definitely.

Any reason why?

Can you name one good game with 3D star map (excluding shooters of course)? Or popular one? Or playable one? Just one, because I never, ever found any. I still remember the terrifying 3D star maps of Imperium (EA)... It was horror :)

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2D, definitely.

Any reason why?

 

Can you name one good game with 3D star map (excluding shooters of course)? Or popular one? Or playable one? Just one, because I never, ever found any. I still remember the terrifying 3D star maps of Imperium (EA)... It was horror smile.png

 

Planetary Annihalation is a pretty sweet game, that has 3D maps. Battles on planets take place on a 3D sphere and inter-planetary action is perfectly represented aswell.
 
Homeworld RTS was supposed to be a 3D game - or was it wnother space RTS, I don't remember.
 
Starshatter: The Gathering Storm carrier-command ship command mode featured a 3D map to assign missions for the fleet.
 
Those all are from the memory, I might be totally wrong about them having a 3D map though.
 

Ask yourself what going 3D will add to the game. 
 
Negatives to 3D are that it is harder to visualize, and represents a vastly more complex world to work with. 
 
Positives are that it represents a vastly more complex world to work with. (You have to pick if that is actually a positive or negative impact on your game.)
 
Personally I like 3D when it comes to something that I explore, but control relatively few things in. 3D strategy games become far more complex and aren't always actually an improvement over similar designs done in 2D fields.


Now that I think about it, 3D map would make my game little bit more enjoyable perhaps. It features as few micro-magamement stuff as possible. Only things that a player is going to look at, are stars and the lines between them. And the only things a player can interact with, are stars and fleets orbiting a star. And fleets also, can only fly from star to another star. There are no cliche starlanes though(although I might implement a possiblity to create a starlane at a high price.
 
Since my game is stripped down macro-management game, a more complex world to work with could compensate for the general emptyness.
 

Well since the current  scientific theories suggest the universe is more or less flat I'd make it 2D.
 
Also 2D is far more easier to work with and visualize for the player. For one thing you don't have to start rotating the star map around to find which is the closest planet to send your fleet to.


Milky will appears flat if we look at all the billions of stars from a far away. My game is more about looking at 300 - 1000 stars at a time. Like watching at a cluster or a section of one of the Milky Way's arms.

 

Technical problems can be easily solved with map overlays. For your concern, there could be a proximity mapmode. You activate it and select a star as the target. Then all stars will be overexxagerately bigger the more closer they are to the target star.

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Planetary Annihalation is a pretty sweet game, that has 3D maps. Battles on planets take place on a 3D sphere and inter-planetary action is perfectly represented aswell.

Homeworld RTS was supposed to be a 3D game - or was it wnother space RTS, I don't remember.

Starshatter: The Gathering Storm carrier-command ship command mode featured a 3D map to assign missions for the fleet.

Planetary Annihilation has no star map, it's more like you are on one planet (sphere) and launch missiles on another. And this concept could not work in 2D at all.

I think OP meant "a star map with hundreds of planets/suns" like in a typical space empire builder.

EDIT: LOL, I just noticed you are the OP :D

 

Homeworld RTS - well... I played it and I say it was confusing, plus, this one has no star map either, it has 3D "environment". You don't need to "locate Prokyon V which is changing position in realtime" (like in the accursed Imperium from 1999), you just move in 3D of an empty space (much less confusing).

 

Starshatter: The Gathering Storm - a good example, in Elite style space trader games 3D map works perfectly.

 

 

Anyway, you can check for yourself how such map "work" in practice (maybe I'm just biased...):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperium_%281990_video_game%29 (you will find in on any abandonware website, athrough, making it run on a modern machine might be challenging smile.png)

Edited by Acharis
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I'm with Acharis.  It's okay to have the map rendered in 3D, but only on a mostly 2d plane.  Most 3d maps I've seen that try to take advantage of their 3d nature are a real pain to traverse and to grok at a glance without a lot of zooming and rotating.

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I seem to recall Ascendancy had a 3D map (with stars connected by star lanes) you could rotate. I don't remember it impacting things much other than you had a way of deciding how to view a map that was randomly generated. At least, you wouldn't be stuck looking at a map that had things placed too close together.

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I prefer 3D for realism, but it is harder to understand.

 

Here's what I suggest.if you go 3d

Split the galaxy into layers...say 5, 1000ly per layer

and then have a top-down hotkey where the stars on different layers have different "brightness" or color based on either distances from the top, or distance from the player ship. 

If there is a star that is behind another star that you can't see from top down, just have a number appear near the star or when you select it bring up a small menu that lets you select the star you want.

 

These things only matter if you are flying through space in some non-instant form.

If you are using Jump Gates ignore 3D all together and use 2D as with Jump Gates the important part is not where the stars are in 3D space, but rather the relationship between the stars. A Jump Gate map is a 2D relational map.

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I think I have come to a golden middle road on this one. I won't be portraying any single stars as the smallest interactable entity, but clusters of stars(made of hundreds and thousands of stars). The essense of gameplay would be unaffected. That way I could have entire galazies as my maps and suspension of belief could still be maintainable. Plus, it would be fairly realistic to have a 2D style to it - because at the scope of the width of galaxy, depth is arbirarily small and thus insignifiact.

Edited by Remos
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You seem to have come to a decision, but I'll add my 2 cents. It's comparing apples to oranges, but Star Control had a functional 3D map. However, it was tiny.

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Definitely 2D as Acharis suggested, I remember how much annoying map at Spore was.

 

It works well at Fragile Allegiance and Starbound, imo

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Definitely 2D as Acharis suggested, I remember how much annoying map at Spore was.

 

It works well at Fragile Allegiance and Starbound, imo

 

Spore is pseudo 3-d map...

 

The galaxy is 5000 light years deep save for the center 10,000 ly which is a 10,000 x 10,000 x 10,000 ly sphere more or less.

 

If you were to look straight down on the galaxy and take a 1x1x5000 ly slice out of it you would have roughly 50 stars in that slice on average. 

 

So while spore is "3D" in the sense that you can move around in 3D and there is a little up and down movement in the stars, in the grand scheme of things it is more accurate to call it a 10 ly depth, which when compared to the diameter of the galaxy might as well be 2D.... 5,000 ly is 5% width of the galaxy... If you had a 10" notebook that would be a 1/2 inch thick which is fairly thick in terms of notebooks. And the center would be 1" thick.

 

Also the average distance between stars is 4ly. In closer to the center they can get as close as about 1ly and further out it gets highly sparse... I don't know what you're doing but it seems that even if you were going for clusters of stars you have layers of star clusters rather than simple 2D, but that's just my thinking

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My opinion it depends on how much abstract your game is. Are it space ships in 3D within range abstract displayed on a map. Or fleet icons on full galactic 2D map.

 

The problem is a local group of stars could be stacked up in galaxy height. which means in case of 7 of those by fleet occupied stars on different galaxy height location you got almost 7 icons on top of each other. while a 3 other are well spaced in flat plane of the galaxy

 

Also it seems that those 7 are close at each other but could be that most of them are much further away. And selecting each of them is difficult.

 

I did play both homeworld game a long time ago. And I really like them. So 3D might work just as good. But is also needed if you command on per unit level in 3D RTS game.

 

So it depends more on how abstract your kind of game is.

 

Also if 2D give you enough usability stick with it. I would go for 3D if 2D was not sufficient for that kind of game.

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It is quite abstract. Similar style as the CK II or EU IV.

 

If I am going to do 3D map, then the local group is the gameworld, if I am going to do this in 2D galaxy can be the gameworld.

 


Also the average distance between stars is 4ly. In closer to the center they can get as close as about 1ly and further out it gets highly sparse... I don't know what you're doing but it seems that even if you were going for clusters of stars you have layers of star clusters rather than simple 2D, but that's just my thinking

 

I didn't mean clusters by the most strict definitions. I mean a cluster as an area of stars. Ideally clumps of stars if entire galaxy is observed from the top.

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It is quite abstract. Similar style as the CK II or EU IV.

 

If I am going to do 3D map, then the local group is the gameworld, if I am going to do this in 2D galaxy can be the gameworld.

 

 

 


Also the average distance between stars is 4ly. In closer to the center they can get as close as about 1ly and further out it gets highly sparse... I don't know what you're doing but it seems that even if you were going for clusters of stars you have layers of star clusters rather than simple 2D, but that's just my thinking

 

I didn't mean clusters by the most strict definitions. I mean a cluster as an area of stars. Ideally clumps of stars if entire galaxy is observed from the top.

 

Neither did I. If you're doing a Europa Universalis type game, which I've not played, but your concept seems somewhat in line to one of the ideas I was thinking for a game I've always wanted, just yours would be less to scale and such... 

 

I divide the galaxy into units I call a Lida. 1 Lida = 24TM or roughly 160ish AU. 1 Lida also represents 1 Light Day roughly, which is a much more relevant term than a Light Year. It also just happens to be roughly the diameter of the inside of the heliopause (ie the solar system)

Average distance between stars in this metric is 1,461 Lida, or 1.5 KiloLida.

And the distance from the center of the galaxy to the edge? 50,000 x 365.25. Or 18,262,500 Lida or, 18,262.5 KiloLida.

We can make it a round 20,000 KiloLida

This makes it so you can divide up the galaxy easily into nice blocks AND for movements it relates directly to a day so it's easy to conceptualize movements and such in this unit.

The common size for a sector is 20^3. in this frame it means that it takes 20,000 days for light travel across height, width, or depth of this region and inside this region is roughly 2,197 stars.

 

This is more than enough to use the way EU uses it's provinces a polities. and you end up on a flat map 1000x1000 clusters or polities.

To include depth, that is 1,826,250 Lida, round and set it KiloLida's that's 2000 KiloLidas and then divided into sectors, that's 100 sectors deep....

So if you add depth you have 1000x1000x100 sectors/polities...or 100 million.

 

If you start in 1 polity on a flat map you'd have 4 polities to deal with, with 3d map you'd have 6. This is a roughly accurate projection of how much distance between advanced civs there are too, but I don't want to get into that. I see no reason why you wouldn't add in the layers, other than maybe processing or the possibility that player wouldn't keep in mind that there is also a depth component, but I think that's a little too condescending for my tastes... and the processing can be handed by having some sort of scan technology where you can only see a certain number of areas around you or something like that.. since civilizations too far away wouldn't even register with you. You could also use this as a way for the game to balance the challenge as you gain power and conquer those around you it'd be boring if there is no way you could lose so if there was a mechanism so that a new civ could be introduced that rivals yours and this would continue on at bigger and bigger scales that would increase the challenge as need be against the player.

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I know ^.^ Part of what you are trying to do is why I came up with the idea of the Lida. Basically, if man takes to the stars there is no measurement that is really any good for us to use and comprehend so in my story universe I had to come up with something to make sense. I also think the 3d maps that we use irl and the Star Trek galaxy map style is lousy and/or hard to understand... to top that off I am off and on planning on a game similar to yours, more like gal-civ but much much larger... All these combined to the need for this new unit and with it came a much better way to map the galaxy...actually any galaxy, but that's not important.

 

Of course, lots of people who are supposedly interested in science and such seem to disagree that we need new units for things because the current units break down with astronomical scales, but if I were deterred by people who said I was wrong, I'd never get anywhere or be shown to be right so much ^.^

 

Anyways... your welcome for this galactic mapping method ^.^

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I know ^.^ Part of what you are trying to do is why I came up with the idea of the Lida. Basically, if man takes to the stars there is no measurement that is really any good for us to use and comprehend so in my story universe I had to come up with something to make sense. I also think the 3d maps that we use irl and the Star Trek galaxy map style is lousy and/or hard to understand... to top that off I am off and on planning on a game similar to yours, more like gal-civ but much much larger... All these combined to the need for this new unit and with it came a much better way to map the galaxy...actually any galaxy, but that's not important.

 

Of course, lots of people who are supposedly interested in science and such seem to disagree that we need new units for things because the current units break down with astronomical scales, but if I were deterred by people who said I was wrong, I'd never get anywhere or be shown to be right so much ^.^

 

Anyways... your welcome for this galactic mapping method ^.^

 

I feel that I owe you a credit for coining such a term in video game horizon. Might wanna share your preferred name here, should anyone start an inquiry about this term few decades from now. >.>

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I know ^.^ Part of what you are trying to do is why I came up with the idea of the Lida. Basically, if man takes to the stars there is no measurement that is really any good for us to use and comprehend so in my story universe I had to come up with something to make sense. I also think the 3d maps that we use irl and the Star Trek galaxy map style is lousy and/or hard to understand... to top that off I am off and on planning on a game similar to yours, more like gal-civ but much much larger... All these combined to the need for this new unit and with it came a much better way to map the galaxy...actually any galaxy, but that's not important.

 

Of course, lots of people who are supposedly interested in science and such seem to disagree that we need new units for things because the current units break down with astronomical scales, but if I were deterred by people who said I was wrong, I'd never get anywhere or be shown to be right so much ^.^

 

Anyways... your welcome for this galactic mapping method ^.^

 

I feel that I owe you a credit for coining such a term in video game horizon. Might wanna share your preferred name here, should anyone start an inquiry about this term few decades from now. >.>

 

 

I doubt it lol If it ever does, someone will be able to find my real name. I'm working on a book series/game series that uses the term.

The name actually comes from "Light Day" minus "ght" and "y". It's jsut a little easier to say. It's also not exactly a Light Day. I rounded it to make it so people could divide into 24 and come up with another good unit so you can convert from day to hour too.

 

The explanation in universe is it is the distance a warp field will travel from a bare minimum input to make a field travel at the speed of light before it destabilizes.

 

In this other universe I created a new calender to use, and the units of a brut and "EPS/EHS.

A brut is for astronomical mass scales.

1 kg = 10 fb or if you don't get that it is... 1 brut = 1x10^19 kg

It's pretty much set so that each 3 magnitude changes the type of body you are dealing with so it becomes easier to deal with.

 

EPS (Extended Processing Scale)
EHS (Extended Hertz Scale)
 
1 EPS = 1x10^27 FLOPS
1 EHS = 1x10^27 Hz
 
These are going to exist in some form simply because our computing ability is going to get that high pretty soon and once it becomes common parlance we're going to want an easier word to talk about it, because none of us wants to say "My computer runs at 100000000 yottaflops" or whatever.
 
Yotta if you didn't know is the highest metric rule. It is 24 levels of magnitude above the base unit off the top of my head, and the maximum computing power of a laptop is 8 magnitudes higher. Same with mass. Planets are of higher magnitude than we have words for currently as well, but we don't use them in every day speech so they haven't arisen, but when we get to the point where it's a common thing we're going to create new words. I'm just looking ahead.
 
As far as the calender, if you care a date conversion is here http://durakkenstudios.com/DateConversion2.html
It uses the idea of a clock, always counting forward (as much as possible, only the year counts negatively), a set number of days exactly per cycle, and the idea of the julian calendar, just made a ton better imo. but alas no one really cares lol. The start date is arbitrary save for it starts on a year after a leap year so the 4 year cycle is maintained as much as possible.
Edited by Durakken
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Sorry for the bump, but I just realized something... My calcs for the galaxy size is not right, not in the detail but in the overall size.

 

20,000 KiloLida would be the radius, not Diameter. So the 1000 x 1000 size = 1 Quadrant of the galaxy (1/4 of it)

The correct measurement is 40,000 KiloLida and 2000x2000x100 for 400 million sectors/cells/polities for the entire size of the galaxy,

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