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Splitting an image into tiles

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Hi!

 

Let's say I have an image and I want to loop through the pixels. I know how to do this in scan-line form:

 

for (x = 0; x < w; x++)
{
for (y = 0; y < h; y++)
{
currentPixel = image[y*w + x];
}
}

 

How would I do the same thing if I was splitting my image into square tiles?

 

Thanks :)

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Something like this? Pseudocode, of course, four nested loops is unsightly and can probably be refactored depending on your code, e.g. foreach tile process tile.

for (tileY = 0; tileY < h / tileH; ++tileY)
    for (tileX = 0; tileX < w / tileW; ++tileX)
        for (y = tileY * tileH; y < (tileY + 1) * tileH; ++y)
            for (x = tileX * tileW; x < (tileX + 1) * tileW; ++x)
            {
                // do stuff on pixel (x, y)
            }

Obviously the image needs to split properly into tiles of the specified dimension (tileW, tileH), otherwise you'll need to handle the leftover pixels somehow.

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So, first of all, fix your loops -- having y inside x is terrible for your cache performance.

 

The general answer to tiling the image is to wrap your y-x pixel loop in another y-x tile loop. Divide the height and width of the whole image by the height and width of your tiles, respectively, to get the number of iterations in your y-x tile loops. You'll need to take special care of images that don't divide evenly into perfect tiles.

Edited by Ravyne

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Reminds me that one of the things we wrote as interns back in the old Game Boy Advance days, was a tool to check the image for repeated tiles.  Is one tile nearly the same as another tile, what about if the tile was rotated by some 90 degree increment, would it match then, etc.

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