# [Solved] Position based fluid implementation - help needed

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Finalspace    1146

I am in the process of implementing the math of the following paper (Position Based Fluid) with java, but have still trouble following the paper and are confused about some formulas. And yes i dont have any math professional backgrunds at all, so calculus, differential equations are out of my league but still i really want to implement this paper - my entire game concept is based on fluid dynamics, but there are no existing physics engine which fits my requirements.

Here some part of formulas from the right side of page 2:

Can you please help me to break this down - so that a non math-professionals understand it?

Especially in equation (9) what is the sum of k? Sum over all neighbor particles where every neightbor index is called k and the sum is incremented for every result of the formula "gradient p k c i"?

The two vertical lines between some symbols mean scalar right?

The symbol "pk" after the gradient and before the W confuse me a lot.

I already have implemented the density estimator (p i) and the density constraint (C i) and have all 2 kernels (poly 6 and spiky gradient).

Of course there is much more, but i want to do it step by step.

Thanks in regards,

Final

Its a shame that i never had the chance to study calculus and all that math stuff.

Edited by Finalspace

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jmakitalo    668
Fluid dynamics can be quite heavy on vector analysis. I strongly recommend that you pick some book on the fundamentals on the matter. Otherwise you are relying on copy-pase process and will start many topics in the future for no good reason.

I dont have time right now to dig into how eq 9 results, but I can answer the trivial questions. The two vertical lines denote a norm, most probably the L^2 norm. It is a scalar. Subscript pk just refers to which variable grad operates on. Now that there are several possibilities, this is mandatory. However, I find it a bit bad notation that the gradient is with respect to some specific particle positions. The equations could be written more simply with just generic gradient function.

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Finalspace    1146

K i think i implemented it - but it explodes immediatly when i start it...

Is that correct implemented?:

private float Wpoly6 (Vec2f r, float kH) {
float rlen = r.length();
if (rlen > kH || rlen == 0) {
return 0;
}
final float tmp = kH * kH - rlen * rlen;
final float term = 315.0f / (64.0f * (float)Math.PI * (float)Math.pow(kH, 9));
return term * tmp * tmp * tmp;
}

private Vec2f gradWspiky (Vec2f r, float kH) {
float rlen = r.length();
if (rlen > kH || rlen == 0) {
return new Vec2f (0f, 0f);
}
final float tmp = kH - rlen;
final float term = 45.0f / ((float)Math.PI * (float)Math.pow(kH, 6) * rlen);
return r.mult(-term * tmp * tmp);
}

private Vec2f calculateCiGradient(Vec2f position_i, int index) {
Vec2f accum = new Vec2f(0.0f, 0.0f);
for (int j : neighborSet[index]) {
final Vec2f position_j = predictedPositionBuffer[j];
final Vec2f distance = position_i.sub(position_j);
}
return accum.mult(invRestDensity);
}

private void calculateLamda(int index) {
final Vec2f position_i = predictedPositionBuffer[index];

// Calculate standard SPH density estimator (equation 2)
float p_i = 0.0f;
for (int j : neighborSet[index]) {
final Vec2f position_j = predictedPositionBuffer[j];
final Vec2f distance = position_i.sub(position_j);
p_i += Wpoly6(distance, kH);
}

// Calculate density constraint (equation 1)
float C_i = (p_i / restDensity) - 1f;

// Calculate C_i gradient sum (equation 9)
for (int j : neighborSet[index]) {
final Vec2f position_j = predictedPositionBuffer[j];
final Vec2f distance = position_i.sub(position_j);

// Calculate gradient when k = j
}

// Calculate lamda (equation 11)
float sum_C_i = sum_C_i_gradient + epsilon;
synchronized (lamdaLock) {
lambdaBuffer[index] = -1.0f / (C_i / sum_C_i);
}
}

private void calculateDeltaPos(int index) {
final Vec2f position_i = predictedPositionBuffer[index];

final float lambda_i = lambdaBuffer[index];

Vec2f delta = new Vec2f(0.0f, 0.0f);

// Calculate delta q (some point inside the smoothing kernel - equation 13)
final Vec2f d_q = new Vec2f(kH * 0.75f).mult(deltaQ).add(position_i);

// Calculate divider term for s_corr (equation 13)
final Vec2f d_q_distance = position_i.sub(d_q);
final float d_q_term = Wpoly6(d_q_distance, kH);

// Calculate delta p i (equation 14)
for (int j : neighborSet[index]) {
Vec2f position_j = predictedPositionBuffer[j];
Vec2f distance = position_i.sub(position_j);

float k_term = Wpoly6(distance, kH) / d_q_term;
float s_corr = -pressureK * (float)Math.pow(k_term, pressureN);
float lambda_j = lambdaBuffer[j];
}
synchronized (posDeltaLock) {
posDeltaBuffer[index].set(delta.mult(invRestDensity));
}
}



Here are my properties:

particleRadius = 0.1f;
restDensity = 1000f;
invRestDensity = 1.0f / restDensity;
epsilon = 0.01f;
deltaQ = 0.1f * kH;
pressureK = 0.1f;
pressureN = 4;


Edited by Finalspace

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Finalspace    1146

I still havent found the issue, implementation looks right but which confuses me a lot are the gradient symbol on the right side in equations (7, 8).

To debug it better i added a single step mode to see what causes the instability. The simulation starts with just 4 particles, after the first step it gets a very small delta going towards the center of the origin where the particles are aligned, then on the next step the delta increases much more and after the third step the particles starts to going in the opposite direction.

Also i double checked the neighbor search which looked fine, but for the sake of simplicity i changed it to a O^N method.

Edited by Finalspace

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Finalspace    1146

This topic is not closed yet, but i still hope that someone can help with that to get this working correctly.

But in the meantime - i just implemented the "Particle-based Viscoelastic Fluid Simulation" paper by Clavet in just 4 hours and i have a fully working simulation right now.

There are still stuff missing - like the spring calculations and the stickiness thingy which i completely left it out but these will come later.

Edited by Finalspace

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Finalspace    1146

I found the issue on PBF - it was just some parameter tweaking. So my math was correct :-)

Oh and another things i fixed, the poly6 and spiky kernel formulas was based on 3D vectors - therefore i changed it to 2D instead.

Edited by Finalspace