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DX11 Cannot Create A Constant Buffer

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hi 

 

I'm trying to create a constant buffer (below) using SharpDx which fails.

var textureInfoBuffer = new SharpDX.Direct3D11.Buffer(m_Dx11Device, Utilities.SizeOf<PerFrameTextureInfo>(), ResourceUsage.Default, 
                             BindFlags.ConstantBuffer, CpuAccessFlags.None, ResourceOptionFlags.None, 0);

Structure (PreframeTextureInfo):

using SharpDX;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
/// <summary>
/// Per Object constant buffer (matrices)
/// </summary>
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct PerFrameTextureInfo
{
    // texture width
    public float Width;

    // texture height
    public float Height;    
}

shader file code:

Texture2D ShaderTexture : register(t0);
SamplerState Sampler = sampler_state    //sampler for doing the texture-lookup
{
	Texture = (ShaderTexture);          //apply a texture to the sampler
	MipFilter = LINEAR;         //sampler states
	MinFilter = LINEAR;
	MagFilter = LINEAR;
};

cbuffer PerObject : register(b0)
{
	float4x4 ViewProjection;
	float4x4 World;
};

cbuffer PerFrameTextureInfo : register(b1)
{
	float Width;
	float Height;
};

Error Message:

[attachment=32663:sharpdx_CB_Error.PNG]

 

 

Now i can't seem to figure out as to why does this fail or what have i done wrong as i manage to create my PerObject buffer for my projection matrices using similiar code.

 

Any help or suggestions ?

 

Using C# with SharpDx and Directx11

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A constant buffer has to have a size, that is a multiple of 16 bytes. PerFrameTextureInfo is 8 byte so creation fails, while PerObject is 128 byte.

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You can use static_assert with condition sizeof % 16 == 0 just below structure definition. This way you will get compile time error instead of runtime.

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Its not directX problem, its C in general. Just read on "structure alignment" (its very easy) and padding.

 

For example, having struct with 4x4 matrix and xyz vector would need 1 addition padding float. The 4x4 float matrix takes 64 bytes, it will be placed at offset 0. Next, you want to pack the 3 float vector, at offset 64, taking 12 bytes. The structure is 76 bytes in size then, do you add 1 float (or int, or 4 char array - whatever with size of 4 bytes) and magically the structure grows to 80 bytes :) It is 16 byte aligned, buffer works.

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Ok if i understand correctly then i will need to ensure the structure size is always a multiple of 16. if it isn't then i will need to pad by adding dummy variables.

 

thus for instance as i have two variable Width and height defined so i will need to make sure i add 2 additional variables even if i don't use them to make them into a multiple of 16.

 

Is my understanding correct ?

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Yes, but thats only for gpu buffers. If you need own structure for own (not gpu) processing then obviously you do not have to do that... :)

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Ok if i understand correctly then i will need to ensure the structure size is always a multiple of 16. if it isn't then i will need to pad by adding dummy variables.

 

thus for instance as i have two variable Width and height defined so i will need to make sure i add 2 additional variables even if i don't use them to make them into a multiple of 16.

 

Is my understanding correct ?

You can skip the headache of manual padding and dummy variables by using attributes to explicitly set the structure size and field offsets:

 

//Explicit layout kind, specify size (which must be a multiple of 16)
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Explicit, Size = 16)]
public struct PerFrameTextureInfo
{
    [FieldOffset(0)]
    public float Width;

    [FieldOffset(4)]
    public float Height; 
}

 

Source (and also a resource I highly recommend reading): http://timjones.tw/blog/archive/2011/03/08/marshalling-c-structures-into-directd-cbuffers-using

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