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alberto_balsalm

Inheritance

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I working on a school project and i'm having a bit of problem with inheritance. Have a look at this code:
#include 
#include 

class A
{
protected:
    int z;
};

class B : public A
{};

class C : public A
{};

class D : public B, public C
{};

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    D d;
    cout << d.z;
    getch();
}
[/Code]

This code give me the following error message:

[C++Error] Project2.cpp(23): Member is ambiguous: 'A::z' and 'A::z'.

I want to inherit the objects like that but I don't know how to fix it. Anyone know what to do?


     
Edited by - alberto_balsalm on November 22, 2001 3:54:20 PM

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The error results because D contains two z data members, one through B and one through C (both of which inherit through A). The solution to this is to use virtual inheritance:

class A
{
...
};
class B : public A
{
...
};
class C : public A
{
...
};
class D : virtual public B, virtual public C
{
...
};

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Ahhh, multiple inheritance...

class B : virtual public A;
class C : virtual public A;

D will only get a single copy of A.

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