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# Glass Refraction Material from the book "PBR"

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Hi,

i would like to implement glass material in my pathtracer. I tried to copy the code from "PBR - From Theorie to Implementation" but i am not sure if i did it right. My current approach looks like this:

The index of refraction outside glass is 1.0, inside it is 1.3. First i convert the direction vector to an angle called "cosThetaI":

    def getAngle(direction,normal):
dotPr = direction.dot(normal)
angle = math.acos(dotPr / (direction.length() * normal.length()))
return angle


If cosThetaI is greater than 0, i switch the refractive indices.

        etaI = 1.0
etaT = 1.3
cosThetaI = Point3D.getAngle(ray.direction,normal)
cosThetaI = Point3D.clamp(cosThetaI,-1,1)
if(cosThetaI > 0.0):
etaI = 1.3
etaT = 1.0
cosThetaT = Point3D.snellsLaw(cosThetaI,etaI,etaT)
Rparl = ((etaT * cosThetaI) - (etaI * cosThetaT)) / ((etaT * cosThetaI) + (etaI * cosThetaT))
Rperp = ((etaI * cosThetaI) - (etaT * cosThetaT)) / ((etaI * cosThetaI) + (etaT * cosThetaT))
dir = Point3D.getPoint((Rparl * Rparl + Rperp * Rperp) / 2)
reflectionRay = Ray(hitPoint,dir.normalize())

    def getPoint(angle):
return Point3D(math.cos(angle),math.sin(angle),1)
def snellsLaw(cosThetaI,etaI,etaT):
sinThetaI = math.sqrt(max(0,1-cosThetaI*cosThetaI))
sinThetaT = etaI / etaT * sinThetaI
cosThetaT = math.sqrt(max(0,1-sinThetaT * sinThetaT))
return cosThetaT


I am not quite sure how to convert an angle into an 3D vector though...

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Your code is authored such that it should be working in terms of cos(thetaI), but it's actually working with thetaI. cos(thetaI) is equal to the dot product between the direction vector and the normal vector (assuming both vectors are normalized), so there's no need for the acos() calculation.

Also, Rparl and Rperp are for computing the reflectance at the interface, not the reflected direction of the light. In other words it's computing how much light will reflect off of the surface, not the direction in which it will travel after reflecting. Computing that direction is computed later in that same chapter, in the section called "Specular Reflection" (section 8.2.2 if you're using the 3rd edition of the PBR book). Right after that it will cover how to compute the refracted direction in the "Specular Transmission" section.