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sjhalayka

OpenGL ES Using Xcode results in file not found error

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I'm using Xcode on Mac OS X, and I've added a file called 'peacock.tga' into my project. I can't seem to open that file (using fopen) however. Is there anything special that I need to do in order for the file to be readable?

Edited by sjhalayka

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You need to make sure you use the correct path to the file. If you're just creating a regular, console-type application, the .tga is probably not being copied to the output directory of the executable. If you're creating an OS X bundle, you probably want to ensure the .tga is packaged into the bundle and that you use a path to where the file ends up in the Resources subdirectory of the bundle.

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If you're porting and building a Mac OSX bundle app, you've have some file handling rework ahead of you. First, I recommend that you add your assets as references rather than directly in the project. This is because XCode will preserve folder structure for referenced folders, while flattening file hierarchies that are directly included in the project. Second, you will need to follow these instructions to get a real file path:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/8768217/how-can-i-find-the-path-to-a-file-in-an-application-bundle-nsbundle-using-c

You'll be able to use fopen as normal after that. While we're on the topic, I'll point out that this approach will not work on Android, where you have to go through explicit platform-specific IO APIs to load content embedded in your app.

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Thank you for the replies.

I managed to get it working using this code:

	    
    NSString *fileRoot = [[[NSBundle mainBundle] resourcePath] stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"peacock.tga"];
	    tga_32bit_image peacock_img;
    peacock_img.load([fileRoot UTF8String]);
	

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if(tempTextureCoordArrayList != null && tempTextureCoordArrayList.size() != 0) textureCoordArrayList.addAll(tempTextureCoordArrayList); if(tempNormalArrayList != null && tempNormalArrayList.size() != 0) normalArrayList.addAll(tempNormalArrayList); if(tempFaceArrayList != null && tempFaceArrayList.size() != 0) faceArrayList.addAll(tempFaceArrayList); vertexList = new float[faceArrayList.size() * POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE]; indexList = new short[faceArrayList.size() * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE]; colorList = new float[faceArrayList.size() * COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE]; textureCoordList = new float[faceArrayList.size() * TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE]; normalList = new float[faceArrayList.size() * NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE]; int nextFace = 0; int step = POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE; for (int currentVertex = 0; currentVertex < vertexList.length; currentVertex += step){ vertexList[currentVertex + 0] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(0)).x; vertexList[currentVertex + 1] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(0)).y; vertexList[currentVertex + 2] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(0)).z; vertexList[currentVertex + 3] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(0)).w; vertexList[currentVertex + 4] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(1)).x; vertexList[currentVertex + 5] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(1)).y; vertexList[currentVertex + 6] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(1)).z; vertexList[currentVertex + 7] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(1)).w; vertexList[currentVertex + 8] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(2)).x; vertexList[currentVertex + 9] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(2)).y; vertexList[currentVertex + 10] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(2)).z; vertexList[currentVertex + 11] = vertexArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(2)).w; nextFace++; } numberOfVertices = vertexList.length / POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D; nextFace = 0; for (int currentIndex = 0; currentIndex < indexList.length; currentIndex += NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE){ indexList[currentIndex + 0] = faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(0).shortValue(); indexList[currentIndex + 1] = faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(1).shortValue(); indexList[currentIndex + 2] = faceArrayList.get(nextFace).indexNumberList.get(2).shortValue(); } step = COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE; for (int currentVertex = 0; currentVertex < colorList.length; currentVertex += step){ colorList[currentVertex + 0] = red; colorList[currentVertex + 1] = green; colorList[currentVertex + 2] = blue; colorList[currentVertex + 3] = alpha; colorList[currentVertex + 4] = red; colorList[currentVertex + 5] = green; colorList[currentVertex + 6] = blue; colorList[currentVertex + 7] = alpha; colorList[currentVertex + 8] = red; colorList[currentVertex + 9] = green; colorList[currentVertex + 10] = blue; colorList[currentVertex + 11] = alpha; } nextFace = 0; step = TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE; for (int currentVertex = 0; currentVertex < textureCoordList.length; currentVertex += step){ textureCoordList[currentVertex + 0] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(0)).tu * mult; textureCoordList[currentVertex + 1] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(0)).tv * mult; textureCoordList[currentVertex + 2] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(1)).tu * mult; textureCoordList[currentVertex + 3] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(1)).tv * mult; textureCoordList[currentVertex + 4] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(2)).tu * mult; textureCoordList[currentVertex + 5] = textureCoordArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).textureCoordNumberList.get(2)).tv * mult; nextFace++; } nextFace = 0; step = NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE; for (int currentVertex = 0; currentVertex < normalList.length; currentVertex += step){ normalList[currentVertex + 0] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(0)).x; normalList[currentVertex + 1] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(0)).y; normalList[currentVertex + 2] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(0)).z; normalList[currentVertex + 3] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(1)).x; normalList[currentVertex + 4] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(1)).y; normalList[currentVertex + 5] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(1)).z; normalList[currentVertex + 6] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(2)).x; normalList[currentVertex + 7] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(2)).y; normalList[currentVertex + 8] = normalArrayList.get(faceArrayList.get(nextFace).normalNumberList.get(2)).z; nextFace++; } vertexBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(vertexList.length * BYTES_PER_FLOAT).order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder()).asFloatBuffer(); indexBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(indexList.length * BYTES_PER_FLOAT).order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder()).asShortBuffer(); colorBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(colorList.length * BYTES_PER_FLOAT).order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder()).asFloatBuffer(); textureCoordBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(textureCoordList.length * BYTES_PER_FLOAT).order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder()).asFloatBuffer(); normalBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(normalList.length * BYTES_PER_FLOAT).order(ByteOrder.nativeOrder()).asFloatBuffer(); vertexBuffer.put(vertexList).position(0); indexBuffer.put(indexList).position(0); colorBuffer.put(colorList).position(0); textureCoordBuffer.put(textureCoordList).position(0); normalBuffer.put(normalList).position(0); createVertexBuffer(); uMVPMatrixHandle = glGetUniformLocation(program, U_MVPMATRIX); uMVMatrixHandle = glGetUniformLocation(program, U_MVMATRIX); uTextureUnitHandle = glGetUniformLocation(program, U_TEXTURE_UNIT); aPositionHandle = glGetAttribLocation(program, A_POSITION); aColorHandle = glGetAttribLocation(program, A_COLOR); aTextureCoordinateHandle = glGetAttribLocation(program, A_TEXTURE_COORDINATES); aNormalHandle = glGetAttribLocation(program, A_NORMAL); glEnableVertexAttribArray(aPositionHandle); glEnableVertexAttribArray(aColorHandle); glEnableVertexAttribArray(aTextureCoordinateHandle); glEnableVertexAttribArray(aNormalHandle); glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0); glUniform1i(uTextureUnitHandle, 0); } catch(IOException e){ } } catch (Resources.NotFoundException nfe){ throw new RuntimeException("Resource not found: " + resourceID, nfe); } return 1; } public void draw(){ glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST); bindData(); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vertexBufferObject[0]); glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, faceArrayList.size() * NUMBER_OF_SIDES_PER_FACE); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0); } public void bindData(){ int offset = 0; glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vertexBufferObject[0]); glVertexAttribPointer(aPositionHandle, POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D, GL_FLOAT, false, POSITION_COMPONENT_STRIDE_3D, offset); offset += POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D; glVertexAttribPointer(aColorHandle, COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, COLOR_COMPONENT_STRIDE, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT); offset += COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT; glVertexAttribPointer(aTextureCoordinateHandle, TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, TEXTURE_COORDINATE_COMPONENT_STRIDE, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT); offset += TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT; glVertexAttribPointer(aNormalHandle, NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, NORMAL_COMPONENT_STRIDE, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0); ///////////////////////////////////////////////////// /* vertexBuffer.position(0); glVertexAttribPointer(aPositionHandle, POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D, GL_FLOAT, false, POSITION_COMPONENT_STRIDE_3D, vertexBuffer); colorBuffer.position(0); glVertexAttribPointer(aColorHandle, COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, COLOR_COMPONENT_STRIDE, colorBuffer); textureCoordBuffer.position(0); glVertexAttribPointer(aTextureCoordinateHandle, TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, TEXTURE_COORDINATE_COMPONENT_STRIDE, textureCoordBuffer); normalBuffer.position(0); glVertexAttribPointer(aNormalHandle, NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT, GL_FLOAT, false, NORMAL_COMPONENT_STRIDE, normalBuffer); */ } public void createVertexBuffer(){ glGenBuffers(1, vertexBufferObject, 0); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vertexBufferObject[0]); glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER,numberOfVertices * (POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D + COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT + TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT + NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT) * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, null, GL_STATIC_DRAW); int offset = 0; glBufferSubData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, offset, numberOfVertices * POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, vertexBuffer); offset += POSITION_COMPONENT_COUNT_3D; glBufferSubData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, numberOfVertices * COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, colorBuffer); offset += COLOR_COMPONENT_COUNT; glBufferSubData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, numberOfVertices * TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, textureCoordBuffer); offset += TEXTURE_COORDINATES_COMPONENT_COUNT; glBufferSubData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, numberOfVertices * offset * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, numberOfVertices * NORMAL_COMPONENT_COUNT * BYTES_PER_FLOAT, normalBuffer); glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0); }  
    • By cebugdev
      hi all,
      how to implement this type of effect ? 
      Also what is this effect called? this is considered volumetric lighting?
      what are the options of doing this? 
      a. billboard? but i want this to have the 3D effect that when we rotate the camera we can still have that 3d feel.
      b. a transparent 3d mesh? and we can animate it as well?
      need your expert advise.
       
      additional:
      2. how to implement things like fireball projectile (shot from a monster) (billboard texture or a 3d mesh)?
       
      Note: im using OpenGL ES 2.0 on mobile. 
       
      thanks!
    • By Psychopathetica
      Hey guys. Wow it's been super long since I been here.
       
      Anyways, I'm having trouble with my 2D OrthoM matrix setup for phones / tablets. Basically I wan't my coordinates to start at the top left of the screen. I also want my polygons to remain squared regardless if you have it on portrait or landscape orientation. At the same time, if I translate the polygon to the middle of the screen, I want it to come to the middle regardless if I have it in portrait or landscape mode. So far I'm pretty close with this setup:
      private float aspectRatio; @Override public void onSurfaceChanged(GL10 glUnused, int width, int height) { Log.d("Result", "onSurfacedChanged()"); glViewport(0, 0, width, height); if (MainActivity.orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT) { Log.d("Result", "onSurfacedChanged(PORTRAIT)"); aspectRatio = ((float) height / (float) width); orthoM(projectionMatrix, 0, 0f, 1f, aspectRatio, 0f, -1f, 1f); } else{ Log.d("Result", "onSurfacedChanged(LANDSCAPE)"); aspectRatio = ((float) width / (float) height); orthoM(projectionMatrix, 0, 0f, aspectRatio, 1f, 0f, -1f, 1f); } } When I translate the polygon using TranslateM( ) however, goes to the middle in portrait mode but in landscape, it only moved partially to the right, as though portrait mode was on some of the left of the screen. The only time I can get the translation to match is if in Landscape I move the aspectRatio variable in OrthoM( ) from the right arguement to the bottom arguement, and make right be 1f. Works but now the polygon is stretched after doing this. Do I just simply multiply the aspectRatio to the translation values only when its in Landscape mode to fix this or is there a better way?
      if (MainActivity.orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT) { Matrix.translateM(modelMatrix, 0, 0.5f, 0.5f * aspectRatio, 0f); } else { Matrix.translateM(modelMatrix, 0, 0.5f * aspectRatio, 0.5f, 0f); } Thanks in advance.
       
    • By Hashbrown
      I'm trying to capture a frame with gl.readPixels and send the data to my server. For testing purposes, I tried rendering a texture with the same Uint8Array I used with gl.readPixels, but unfortunately can't get the texture to show an image.   Let me share the steps I'm taking.
      I made sure to allocate memory outside of the game loop:
      const width = Game.Renderer.width; const height = Game.Renderer.height; let pixels = new Uint8Array(4 * width * height); And before i unbind the frame buffer in the drawing function, I pick up the pixels:
      gl.readPixels(0, 0, width, height, gl.RGBA, gl.UNSIGNED_BYTE, pixels); if (stream) { if (stream.ready) stream.socket.send(pixels); } This is also where I send the pixels to the server.
      In my render function I have a function updating the texture I use for displaying video, or in this case: a different image every frame:
      gl.texImage2D(gl.TEXTURE_2D, 0, gl.RGBA, gl.RGBA, gl.UNSIGNED_BYTE, this._video) This works perfectly with a video or an image element, but if I pass in my uint8array no image is rendered. 
      The plan is to have the server send that same array to the other clients so they can use it to update their textures. Hopefully this makes sense. Thanks!
      BTW: Not sure why my thread appeared two times, my connection timed out and I guess I pressed it two times. My apologies mods, I hid the duplicate thread.
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