November GameDev Challenge: Pong! 11/01/17
First time poster here, although I've been reading posts here for quite a while. This place has been invaluable for learning graphics programming -- thanks for a great resource!
Right now, I'm working on a graphics abstraction layer for .NET which supports D3D11, Vulkan, and OpenGL at the moment. I have implemented most of my planned features already, and things are working well. Some remaining features that I am planning are Compute Shaders, and some flavor of read-write shader resources. At the moment, my shaders can just get simple read-only access to a uniform (or constant) buffer, a texture, or a sampler. Unfortunately, I'm having a tough time grasping the distinctions between all of the different kinds of read-write resources that are available. In D3D alone, there seem to be 5 or 6 different kinds of resources with similar but different characteristics. On top of that, I get the impression that some of them are more or less "obsoleted" by the newer kinds, and don't have much of a place in modern code. There seem to be a few pivots:
The data source/destination (buffer or texture) Read-write or read-only Structured or unstructured (?) Ordered vs unordered (?) These are just my observations based on a lot of MSDN and OpenGL doc reading. For my library, I'm not interested in exposing every possibility to the user -- just trying to find a good "middle-ground" that can be represented cleanly across API's which is good enough for common scenarios.
Can anyone give a sort of "overview" of the different options, and perhaps compare/contrast the concepts between Direct3D, OpenGL, and Vulkan? I'd also be very interested in hearing how other folks have abstracted these concepts in their libraries.
I recently started getting into graphics programming (2nd try, first try was many years ago) and I'm working on a 3d rendering engine which I hope to be able to make a 3D game with sooner or later. I have plenty of C++ experience, but not a lot when it comes to graphics, and while it's definitely going much better this time, I'm having trouble figuring out how assets are usually handled by engines.
I'm not having trouble with handling the GPU resources, but more so with how the resources should be defined and used in the system (materials, models, etc).
This is my plan now, I've implemented most of it except for the XML parts and factories and those are the ones I'm not sure of at all:
I have these classes:
For GPU resources:
Geometry: holds and manages everything needed to render a geometry: VAO, VBO, EBO. Texture: holds and manages a texture which is loaded into the GPU. Shader: holds and manages a shader which is loaded into the GPU. For assets relying on GPU resources:
Material: holds a shader resource, multiple texture resources, as well as uniform settings. Mesh: holds a geometry and a material. Model: holds multiple meshes, possibly in a tree structure to more easily support skinning later on? For handling GPU resources:
ResourceCache<T>: T can be any resource loaded into the GPU. It owns these resources and only hands out handles to them on request (currently string identifiers are used when requesting handles, but all resources are stored in a vector and each handle only contains resource's index in that vector) Resource<T>: The handles given out from ResourceCache. The handles are reference counted and to get the underlying resource you simply deference like with pointers (*handle).
And my plan is to define everything into these XML documents to abstract away files:
Resources.xml for ref-counted GPU resources (geometry, shaders, textures) Resources are assigned names/ids and resource files, and possibly some attributes (what vertex attributes does this geometry have? what vertex attributes does this shader expect? what uniforms does this shader use? and so on) Are reference counted using ResourceCache<T> Assets.xml for assets using the GPU resources (materials, meshes, models) Assets are not reference counted, but they hold handles to ref-counted resources. References the resources defined in Resources.xml by names/ids. The XMLs are loaded into some structure in memory which is then used for loading the resources/assets using factory classes:
Factory classes for resources:
For example, a texture factory could contain the texture definitions from the XML containing data about textures in the game, as well as a cache containing all loaded textures. This means it has mappings from each name/id to a file and when asked to load a texture with a name/id, it can look up its path and use a "BinaryLoader" to either load the file and create the resource directly, or asynchronously load the file's data into a queue which then can be read from later to create the resources synchronously in the GL context. These factories only return handles.
Factory classes for assets:
Much like for resources, these classes contain the definitions for the assets they can load. For example, with the definition the MaterialFactory will know which shader, textures and possibly uniform a certain material has, and with the help of TextureFactory and ShaderFactory, it can retrieve handles to the resources it needs (Shader + Textures), setup itself from XML data (uniform values), and return a created instance of requested material. These factories return actual instances, not handles (but the instances contain handles).
Is this a good or commonly used approach? Is this going to bite me in the ass later on? Are there other more preferable approaches? Is this outside of the scope of a 3d renderer and should be on the engine side? I'd love to receive and kind of advice or suggestions!
Hey guys, Im getting bounding box of a mesh in my engine using D3DXComputeBoundingBox, but when I use this function, looks like the mesh is every on position (0,0,0), but it isn't.
The bounding box should be in position of sphere, and dont (0,0,0)
D3DXComputeBoundingBox getting wrong sMin and sMax (how we can see on the pic, it isnt a problem of render...)
How it should be:
The code im using to get bounding box:
BYTE * pData; pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->LockVertexBuffer( D3DLOCK_READONLY, (void**)&pData ); //Compute Bounding Box D3DXComputeBoundingBox( (const D3DXVECTOR3*)(pData), pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->GetNumVertices(), pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->GetNumBytesPerVertex(), &pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin, &pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax ); pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMid = (pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax - pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin) * 0.5f; pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sCenter = (pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax + pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin) * 0.5f; //Compute Bounding Sphere D3DXComputeBoundingSphere( (const D3DXVECTOR3*)(pData), pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->GetNumVertices(), pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->GetNumBytesPerVertex(), &pMeshContainer->cBoundingSphere.sCenter, &pMeshContainer->cBoundingSphere.fRadius ); pMeshContainer->MeshData.pMesh->UnlockVertexBuffer(); //We have min and max values, use these to get the 8 corners of the bounding box pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.z ); //xyz pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.z ); //Xyz pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.z ); //xYz pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.z ); //XYz pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.z ); //xyZ pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.z ); //XyZ pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.z ); //xYZ pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sBoxPoints = D3DXVECTOR3( pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.x, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.y, pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.z ); //XYZ SAFE_RELEASE( pMeshContainer->lpBoundingBoxMesh ); SAFE_RELEASE( pMeshContainer->lpBoundingSphereMesh ); //Create Bounding Sphere Mesh D3DXCreateSphere( lpDevice, pMeshContainer->cBoundingSphere.fRadius, 15, 10, &pMeshContainer->lpBoundingSphereMesh, NULL ); //Create Bounding Box Mesh float fWidth = pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.x - pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.x; float fHeight = pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.y - pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.y; float fDepth = pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMax.z - pMeshContainer->cBoundingBox.sMin.z; D3DXCreateBox( lpDevice, fWidth, fHeight, fDepth, &pMeshContainer->lpBoundingBoxMesh, NULL ); Im not using any World transform on the mesh or bounding box...
Hi there everyone! I'm trying to implement SPH using CPU single core. I'm having troubles in making it stable. I'd like some help in order to understand what is wrong and how could I fix it. Please, take a look at the following videos:
Water inside sphere using Kelager's parameters
Water inside big box
Water inside thinner box
I've already tried using XSPH, the hash method to find the neighbors (now I'm using the regular grid, because the hash method didn't work for me) and two different ways of calculating the pressure force.
I'm using mostly the following articles:
Particle-Based Fluid Simulation for Interactive Applications, Matthias Müller, David Charypar and Markus Gross
Lagrangian Fluid Dynamics Using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, Micky Kelager
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Real-Time Fluid Simulation Approach, David Staubach
Fluid Simulation using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, Burak Ertekin
3D Langrangian Fluid Solver using SPH approximations, Chris Priscott
Any ideas? Thanks!
As some of you may know, I do have a Computer Science background, but either by chance/design/fate/insert stupid excuse here, I didn't take any graphics courses in my undergraduate degree, but now I'd be very interested in at least learning the basics of graphics and potentially pursuing more in graphics. I'm interested in all sorts of graphics in general, so everything from real-time engines to rendering engines like Arnold, Octane, etc. Can anyone point me in the right directions for books/tutorials?
Thanks in advance!
EDIT: Apologies in advance if I missed the proper channels for this as well