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    • By fleissi
      Hey guys!

      I'm new here and I recently started developing my own rendering engine. It's open source, based on OpenGL/DirectX and C++.
      The full source code is hosted on github:
      https://github.com/fleissna/flyEngine

      I would appreciate if people with experience in game development / engine desgin could take a look at my source code. I'm looking for honest, constructive criticism on how to improve the engine.
      I'm currently writing my master's thesis in computer science and in the recent year I've gone through all the basics about graphics programming, learned DirectX and OpenGL, read some articles on Nvidia GPU Gems, read books and integrated some of this stuff step by step into the engine.

      I know about the basics, but I feel like there is some missing link that I didn't get yet to merge all those little pieces together.

      Features I have so far:
      - Dynamic shader generation based on material properties
      - Dynamic sorting of meshes to be renderd based on shader and material
      - Rendering large amounts of static meshes
      - Hierarchical culling (detail + view frustum)
      - Limited support for dynamic (i.e. moving) meshes
      - Normal, Parallax and Relief Mapping implementations
      - Wind animations based on vertex displacement
      - A very basic integration of the Bullet physics engine
      - Procedural Grass generation
      - Some post processing effects (Depth of Field, Light Volumes, Screen Space Reflections, God Rays)
      - Caching mechanisms for textures, shaders, materials and meshes

      Features I would like to have:
      - Global illumination methods
      - Scalable physics
      - Occlusion culling
      - A nice procedural terrain generator
      - Scripting
      - Level Editing
      - Sound system
      - Optimization techniques

      Books I have so far:
      - Real-Time Rendering Third Edition
      - 3D Game Programming with DirectX 11
      - Vulkan Cookbook (not started yet)

      I hope you guys can take a look at my source code and if you're really motivated, feel free to contribute :-)
      There are some videos on youtube that demonstrate some of the features:
      Procedural grass on the GPU
      Procedural Terrain Engine
      Quadtree detail and view frustum culling

      The long term goal is to turn this into a commercial game engine. I'm aware that this is a very ambitious goal, but I'm sure it's possible if you work hard for it.

      Bye,

      Phil
    • By tj8146
      I have attached my project in a .zip file if you wish to run it for yourself.
      I am making a simple 2d top-down game and I am trying to run my code to see if my window creation is working and to see if my timer is also working with it. Every time I run it though I get errors. And when I fix those errors, more come, then the same errors keep appearing. I end up just going round in circles.  Is there anyone who could help with this? 
       
      Errors when I build my code:
      1>Renderer.cpp 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(15): error C2039: 'string': is not a member of 'std' 1>c:\program files (x86)\windows kits\10\include\10.0.16299.0\ucrt\stddef.h(18): note: see declaration of 'std' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(15): error C2061: syntax error: identifier 'string' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(28): error C2511: 'bool Game::Rendering::initialize(int,int,bool,std::string)': overloaded member function not found in 'Game::Rendering' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(9): note: see declaration of 'Game::Rendering' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(35): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(36): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(43): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>Done building project "Game.vcxproj" -- FAILED. ========== Build: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========  
       
      Renderer.cpp
      #include <GL/glew.h> #include <GLFW/glfw3.h> #include "Renderer.h" #include "Timer.h" #include <iostream> namespace Game { GLFWwindow* window; /* Initialize the library */ Rendering::Rendering() { mClock = new Clock; } Rendering::~Rendering() { shutdown(); } bool Rendering::initialize(uint width, uint height, bool fullscreen, std::string window_title) { if (!glfwInit()) { return -1; } /* Create a windowed mode window and its OpenGL context */ window = glfwCreateWindow(640, 480, "Hello World", NULL, NULL); if (!window) { glfwTerminate(); return -1; } /* Make the window's context current */ glfwMakeContextCurrent(window); glViewport(0, 0, (GLsizei)width, (GLsizei)height); glOrtho(0, (GLsizei)width, (GLsizei)height, 0, 1, -1); glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION); glLoadIdentity(); glfwSwapInterval(1); glEnable(GL_SMOOTH); glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST); glEnable(GL_BLEND); glDepthFunc(GL_LEQUAL); glHint(GL_PERSPECTIVE_CORRECTION_HINT, GL_NICEST); glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D); glLoadIdentity(); return true; } bool Rendering::render() { /* Loop until the user closes the window */ if (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) return false; /* Render here */ mClock->reset(); glfwPollEvents(); if (mClock->step()) { glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); glfwSwapBuffers(window); mClock->update(); } return true; } void Rendering::shutdown() { glfwDestroyWindow(window); glfwTerminate(); } GLFWwindow* Rendering::getCurrentWindow() { return window; } } Renderer.h
      #pragma once namespace Game { class Clock; class Rendering { public: Rendering(); ~Rendering(); bool initialize(uint width, uint height, bool fullscreen, std::string window_title = "Rendering window"); void shutdown(); bool render(); GLFWwindow* getCurrentWindow(); private: GLFWwindow * window; Clock* mClock; }; } Timer.cpp
      #include <GL/glew.h> #include <GLFW/glfw3.h> #include <time.h> #include "Timer.h" namespace Game { Clock::Clock() : mTicksPerSecond(50), mSkipTics(1000 / mTicksPerSecond), mMaxFrameSkip(10), mLoops(0) { mLastTick = tick(); } Clock::~Clock() { } bool Clock::step() { if (tick() > mLastTick && mLoops < mMaxFrameSkip) return true; return false; } void Clock::reset() { mLoops = 0; } void Clock::update() { mLastTick += mSkipTics; mLoops++; } clock_t Clock::tick() { return clock(); } } TImer.h
      #pragma once #include "Common.h" namespace Game { class Clock { public: Clock(); ~Clock(); void update(); bool step(); void reset(); clock_t tick(); private: uint mTicksPerSecond; ufloat mSkipTics; uint mMaxFrameSkip; uint mLoops; uint mLastTick; }; } Common.h
      #pragma once #include <cstdio> #include <cstdlib> #include <ctime> #include <cstring> #include <cmath> #include <iostream> namespace Game { typedef unsigned char uchar; typedef unsigned short ushort; typedef unsigned int uint; typedef unsigned long ulong; typedef float ufloat; }  
      Game.zip
    • By Ty Typhoon
      Before read everything i am honest:
      Payment after release you get your percentage lifetime for that project.
       
      Second:
      i dont need your inspirations, ideas, music or designs.
      My head is full with that.
      I need workers who i can trust.
       
       
       
      Please let us talk in discord.
      I got a lot of stuff planned, there is much work to do.
       
      But first my team and me try to start with a small mini game and we need maybe exactly you.
      Planned for more than pc, like ps4, xbox one and mobile - so its very important to us to hopefully welcome a programmer.
       
      The mini game will be part of the planned big game. There will be never before seen guns and gameplay, you will get deeper info if youre a safe part of the team.
       
      I need:
      Programmers
      Animators
      Zbrush pros
       
      Join here please:
      https://discord.gg/YtjE3sV
       
      You find me here:
      Joerg Federmann Composing#2898
       
       
    • By Ty Typhoon
      I like to build my A - Team now.
       
      I need loyal people who can trust and believe in a dream.
      If you got time and no need for direct pay please contact me now.
       
      We cant pay now, you will recieve a lifetime percentage if the released game will give earnings. 
      If I get the best people together for a team, everything should be possible.
       
       
      What i need:
      - Programmer c++
      - Unity / Unreal - we must check whats possible, please share your experience with me.
      - Sculpter, 3D Artist
      - Animator
      - Marketing / Promotion 
       
       
      What i do:
      - Studio Owner
      - Director
      - Recruit exactly you
      - Sounddesign
      - Main theme composing
      - Vocals
      - Game design
      - Gun, swords, shields and weapon design
      - Character, plants and animal design
       
       
      Please dont ask about the Name of the Game, about Designs or Screenshots.
      The game will be defintitly affected about our and your skills if you join the team.
       
       
      Planned for the big Game:
      - 1st person shooter
      - online multiplayer
      - character manipulation
      - complete big open world with like lifetime actions and reactions
      - gunstore with many items to buy
      - many upgrades for players
      - specials like mini games
       
      So if you are interested in joining a team with a nearly complete game idea, contact me now and tell me what you can do.
       
      discord:
      joerg federmann composing#2898
       
       
    • By codelyoko373
      I wasn't sure if this would be the right place for a topic like this so sorry if it isn't.
      I'm currently working on a project for Uni using FreeGLUT to make a simple solar system simulation. I've got to the point where I've implemented all the planets and have used a Scene Graph to link them all together. The issue I'm having with now though is basically the planets and moons orbit correctly at their own orbit speeds.
      I'm not really experienced with using matrices for stuff like this so It's likely why I can't figure out how exactly to get it working. This is where I'm applying the transformation matrices, as well as pushing and popping them. This is within the Render function that every planet including the sun and moons will have and run.
      if (tag != "Sun") { glRotatef(orbitAngle, orbitRotation.X, orbitRotation.Y, orbitRotation.Z); } glPushMatrix(); glTranslatef(position.X, position.Y, position.Z); glRotatef(rotationAngle, rotation.X, rotation.Y, rotation.Z); glScalef(scale.X, scale.Y, scale.Z); glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, mesh->indiceCount, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, mesh->indices); if (tag != "Sun") { glPopMatrix(); } The "If(tag != "Sun")" parts are my attempts are getting the planets to orbit correctly though it likely isn't the way I'm meant to be doing it. So I was wondering if someone would be able to help me? As I really don't have an idea on what I would do to get it working. Using the if statement is truthfully the closest I've got to it working but there are still weird effects like the planets orbiting faster then they should depending on the number of planets actually be updated/rendered.
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C++ Polymorphic ECS | error C2385: ambiguous access of 'set'

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Hi

I want to test out a polymorphic entity component system where the idea is that the components of an entity are "compositioned" using templated multiple inheritance. But I am running into an issue because I am stacking a bunch of methods with the same names inside a class (but they have different signatures). I want these methods to be overloaded by the template type but my compiler says the access is ambiguous. I have issues making them unambiguous with the using declaration because the paramter pack expansion causes a syntax error.

Can anyone here give me some advice on this?

 

template <class T>
class component
{
	T m_data;
protected:
	component() {};
	~component() {};
public:
	void set(const T& data) { m_data = data; };
};

template <class ...Ts>
class entity : public component<Ts>...
{
public:
	entity() {};
	~entity() {};
	//using component<Ts>::set...;		// syntax error
};

struct position { float x{}; float y{}; float z{}; };
struct velocity { float x{}; float y{}; float z{}; };

int main()
{
	entity<position, velocity> myEntity;

	position pos = { 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f };
	velocity vel = { 2.0f, 2.0f, 2.0f };

	myEntity.set(pos);		// error C2385: ambiguous access of 'set'
	//myEntity.set(vel);

	return 0;
}

 

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Bit of a sidebar, but I'm curious as to why are you trying to do this in the first place? First of all, this isn't actually ECS, because a fundamental aspect of ECS is that composition is done at run-time. What you have here is a complicated way to use multiple inheritance to make compile-time composition happen. The problems you're running into are one of the many reasons we don't generally use multiple inheritance. What does this approach give you over plain old composition (which we normally prefer over inheritance) or plain old multiple inheritance for that matter?

Edited by Oberon_Command

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For some reason the compiler cannot resolve which base class set() is to be called (someone more experienced might be able to shed light on the exact issues here).

The solution seems to be to do something like this:

template <class ...Ts>
class entity : public component<Ts>...
{
public:
    entity() {};
    ~entity() {};
  
    template <class U>
    void set(const U& data) { component<U>::set(data); }
};

 

Edited by TheComet

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The issue is that the compiler (By standard) may not resolve function overloads which reside in multiple templated bases, you need to explicitly define which base to search in as such:

template<typename T>
struct Base {
	void Foo(const T& value) {}
};

template<typename... T>
struct Front : public Base<T>... {
	template<typename U>
	void ExplicitFoo(const U& value) {
		Base<U>::Foo(value);
	}
};

int main() {
	Front<int, char> front;
  
	front.Foo(5);         // ERROR: Ambigous (but not really)
	front.ExplicitFoo(5); // OK
  
	return 0;
}

 

Edited by Migi0027

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Why would you inherit publicly from component<position> and component<velocity>? That code is telling me that your entity is a component<position> and it's also a component<velocity>, whatever those mean. I very much doubt public inheritance is the correct construct to use here.

 

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The example I gave is just a simplification to get to the issue, ambiguous access from multiple inheritance.

The component here is actually going to hold (or for that matter be) a proxy pointer to the data allocated somewhere else (in the system<T>).

Should the system move the data to another memory location this component will have its proxy pointer updated by the system. The proxy pointer is built from bi-directional smart pointers to ensure that a component get/set is only one indirection away, and should either the component be destructed or the data no longer be available in the system get/set and update proxy pointer will not crash the program.

With this I can create an entity and select its components using templates. I can also give it overloaded operators, such as, myEntity = pos1; and, myEntity = vel2;

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