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    • By racarate
      Hey everybody!
      I am trying to replicate all these cool on-screen debug visuals I see in all the SIGGRAPH and GDC talks, but I really don't know where to start.  The only resource I know of is almost 16 years old:
      http://number-none.com/product/Interactive Profiling, Part 1/index.html
      Does anybody have a more up-to-date reference?  Do people use minimal UI libraries like Dear ImgGui?  Also, If I am profiling OpenGL ES 3.0 (which doesn't have timer queries) is there really anything I can do to measure performance GPU-wise?  Or should I just chart CPU-side frame time?  I feel like this is something people re-invent for every game there has gotta be a tutorial out there... right?
       
       
    • By Ronan Hayes
      So i am working on a java swing breakout game and am on the last task to complete, which is detecting collision with a brick and then deleting it from the array so it cannot be seen on the screen. I have created a for loop which is somewhat working however the ball bounces off the bat/paddle and goes straight through the first few rows of bricks and then start to detect only the rows around the 6/7th row. Here is the loop i am working on. 
      public void runAsSeparateThread() { final float S = 3; // Units to move (Speed) try { synchronized ( Model.class ) // Make thread safe { GameObj ball = getBall(); // Ball in game GameObj bat = getBat(); // Bat ArrayList<GameObj> bricks = getBricks(); // Bricks } while (runGame) { synchronized ( Model.class ) // Make thread safe { float x = ball.getX(); // Current x,y position float y = ball.getY(); // Deal with possible edge of board hit if (x >= W - B - BALL_SIZE) ball.changeDirectionX(); if (x <= 0 + B ) ball.changeDirectionX(); if (y >= H - B - BALL_SIZE) // Bottom { ball.changeDirectionY(); addToScore( HIT_BOTTOM ); } if (y <= 0 + M ) ball.changeDirectionY(); // As only a hit on the bat/ball is detected it is // assumed to be on the top or bottom of the object. // A hit on the left or right of the object // has an interesting affect boolean hit = false; // *[3]******************************************************[3]* // * Fill in code to check if a visible brick has been hit * // * The ball has no effect on an invisible brick * // ************************************************************** for ( int i = 0; i <= 60; i++ ){ GameObj brick1 = bricks.get(i); if ( brick1.hitBy(ball) ){ bricks.remove(i); //hit = true; ball.changeDirectionY(); //ball.changeDirectionX(); addToScore(50); } } if (hit) ball.changeDirectionY(); if ( ball.hitBy(bat) ) ball.changeDirectionY(); } modelChanged(); // Model changed refresh screen Thread.sleep( fast ? 2 : 20 ); ball.moveX(S); ball.moveY(S); } } catch (Exception e) { Debug.error("Model.runAsSeparateThread - Error\n%s", e.getMessage() ); } } } i need to be able to break each brick individually and for them to rebound ... this is the code that i am working with so far 
      for ( int i = 0; i <= 60; i++ ){ GameObj brick1 = bricks.get(i); if ( brick1.hitBy(ball) ){ bricks.remove(i); //hit = true; ball.changeDirectionY(); //ball.changeDirectionX(); addToScore(50); } }  
    • By Achivai
      Hey, I am semi-new to 3d-programming and I've hit a snag. I have one object, let's call it Object A. This object has a long int array of 3d xyz-positions stored in it's vbo as an instanced attribute. I am using these numbers to instance object A a couple of thousand times. So far so good. 
      Now I've hit a point where I want to remove one of these instances of object A while the game is running, but I'm not quite sure how to go about it. At first my thought was to update the instanced attribute of Object A and change the positions to some dummy number that I could catch in the vertex shader and then decide there whether to draw the instance of Object A or not, but I think that would be expensive to do while the game is running, considering that it might have to be done several times every frame in some cases. 
      I'm not sure how to proceed, anyone have any tips?
    • By fleissi
      Hey guys!

      I'm new here and I recently started developing my own rendering engine. It's open source, based on OpenGL/DirectX and C++.
      The full source code is hosted on github:
      https://github.com/fleissna/flyEngine

      I would appreciate if people with experience in game development / engine desgin could take a look at my source code. I'm looking for honest, constructive criticism on how to improve the engine.
      I'm currently writing my master's thesis in computer science and in the recent year I've gone through all the basics about graphics programming, learned DirectX and OpenGL, read some articles on Nvidia GPU Gems, read books and integrated some of this stuff step by step into the engine.

      I know about the basics, but I feel like there is some missing link that I didn't get yet to merge all those little pieces together.

      Features I have so far:
      - Dynamic shader generation based on material properties
      - Dynamic sorting of meshes to be renderd based on shader and material
      - Rendering large amounts of static meshes
      - Hierarchical culling (detail + view frustum)
      - Limited support for dynamic (i.e. moving) meshes
      - Normal, Parallax and Relief Mapping implementations
      - Wind animations based on vertex displacement
      - A very basic integration of the Bullet physics engine
      - Procedural Grass generation
      - Some post processing effects (Depth of Field, Light Volumes, Screen Space Reflections, God Rays)
      - Caching mechanisms for textures, shaders, materials and meshes

      Features I would like to have:
      - Global illumination methods
      - Scalable physics
      - Occlusion culling
      - A nice procedural terrain generator
      - Scripting
      - Level Editing
      - Sound system
      - Optimization techniques

      Books I have so far:
      - Real-Time Rendering Third Edition
      - 3D Game Programming with DirectX 11
      - Vulkan Cookbook (not started yet)

      I hope you guys can take a look at my source code and if you're really motivated, feel free to contribute :-)
      There are some videos on youtube that demonstrate some of the features:
      Procedural grass on the GPU
      Procedural Terrain Engine
      Quadtree detail and view frustum culling

      The long term goal is to turn this into a commercial game engine. I'm aware that this is a very ambitious goal, but I'm sure it's possible if you work hard for it.

      Bye,

      Phil
    • By tj8146
      I have attached my project in a .zip file if you wish to run it for yourself.
      I am making a simple 2d top-down game and I am trying to run my code to see if my window creation is working and to see if my timer is also working with it. Every time I run it though I get errors. And when I fix those errors, more come, then the same errors keep appearing. I end up just going round in circles.  Is there anyone who could help with this? 
       
      Errors when I build my code:
      1>Renderer.cpp 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(15): error C2039: 'string': is not a member of 'std' 1>c:\program files (x86)\windows kits\10\include\10.0.16299.0\ucrt\stddef.h(18): note: see declaration of 'std' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(15): error C2061: syntax error: identifier 'string' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(28): error C2511: 'bool Game::Rendering::initialize(int,int,bool,std::string)': overloaded member function not found in 'Game::Rendering' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.h(9): note: see declaration of 'Game::Rendering' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(35): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(36): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>c:\users\documents\opengl\game\game\renderer.cpp(43): error C2597: illegal reference to non-static member 'Game::Rendering::window' 1>Done building project "Game.vcxproj" -- FAILED. ========== Build: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========  
       
      Renderer.cpp
      #include <GL/glew.h> #include <GLFW/glfw3.h> #include "Renderer.h" #include "Timer.h" #include <iostream> namespace Game { GLFWwindow* window; /* Initialize the library */ Rendering::Rendering() { mClock = new Clock; } Rendering::~Rendering() { shutdown(); } bool Rendering::initialize(uint width, uint height, bool fullscreen, std::string window_title) { if (!glfwInit()) { return -1; } /* Create a windowed mode window and its OpenGL context */ window = glfwCreateWindow(640, 480, "Hello World", NULL, NULL); if (!window) { glfwTerminate(); return -1; } /* Make the window's context current */ glfwMakeContextCurrent(window); glViewport(0, 0, (GLsizei)width, (GLsizei)height); glOrtho(0, (GLsizei)width, (GLsizei)height, 0, 1, -1); glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION); glLoadIdentity(); glfwSwapInterval(1); glEnable(GL_SMOOTH); glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST); glEnable(GL_BLEND); glDepthFunc(GL_LEQUAL); glHint(GL_PERSPECTIVE_CORRECTION_HINT, GL_NICEST); glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D); glLoadIdentity(); return true; } bool Rendering::render() { /* Loop until the user closes the window */ if (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) return false; /* Render here */ mClock->reset(); glfwPollEvents(); if (mClock->step()) { glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); glfwSwapBuffers(window); mClock->update(); } return true; } void Rendering::shutdown() { glfwDestroyWindow(window); glfwTerminate(); } GLFWwindow* Rendering::getCurrentWindow() { return window; } } Renderer.h
      #pragma once namespace Game { class Clock; class Rendering { public: Rendering(); ~Rendering(); bool initialize(uint width, uint height, bool fullscreen, std::string window_title = "Rendering window"); void shutdown(); bool render(); GLFWwindow* getCurrentWindow(); private: GLFWwindow * window; Clock* mClock; }; } Timer.cpp
      #include <GL/glew.h> #include <GLFW/glfw3.h> #include <time.h> #include "Timer.h" namespace Game { Clock::Clock() : mTicksPerSecond(50), mSkipTics(1000 / mTicksPerSecond), mMaxFrameSkip(10), mLoops(0) { mLastTick = tick(); } Clock::~Clock() { } bool Clock::step() { if (tick() > mLastTick && mLoops < mMaxFrameSkip) return true; return false; } void Clock::reset() { mLoops = 0; } void Clock::update() { mLastTick += mSkipTics; mLoops++; } clock_t Clock::tick() { return clock(); } } TImer.h
      #pragma once #include "Common.h" namespace Game { class Clock { public: Clock(); ~Clock(); void update(); bool step(); void reset(); clock_t tick(); private: uint mTicksPerSecond; ufloat mSkipTics; uint mMaxFrameSkip; uint mLoops; uint mLastTick; }; } Common.h
      #pragma once #include <cstdio> #include <cstdlib> #include <ctime> #include <cstring> #include <cmath> #include <iostream> namespace Game { typedef unsigned char uchar; typedef unsigned short ushort; typedef unsigned int uint; typedef unsigned long ulong; typedef float ufloat; }  
      Game.zip
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Java Where can I learn java 3d professional game development with OpenGL lwjgl

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I want to make professional java 3d game with server program and database,packet handling for multiplayer and client-server communicating,maps rendering,models,and stuffs Which aspect of java can I learn and where can I learn java Lwjgl OpenGL rendering Like minecraft and world of tanks

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Become filthy rich, and hire a thousand developers for a few years would do the trick.

If it's just you and you have no money, and no knowledge of all the things you want to use, it's about a decade of work to get this at professional level, which gets you in the position that you understand how to build such a thing.

By then however, you fully realize I wasn't joking about becoming filthy rich and hiring a thousand developers for a few years. The MMOs of the world really have budgets of millions of dollars and years of work by a zillion persons. You'll never get there on your own.

 

If you, despite this setback, are still interested in learning to program, I'd recommend to learn the entire Java language, and make many small games, starting with something simple like Pong. Then move on to more complicated stuff like Tetris or Space Invaders. From there you can do Pac man or a platform game. After that, you more or less understand how Java works in basic games, and can move on to other stuff (though other 'stuff' than what you intended in your question, I think).

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Ok. I don't write games in Java, but I know of two Java libraries that are listed in this forum quite often. One is LWJGL  https://www.lwjgl.org/ which you already mentioned.

The other one is LibGDX https://libgdx.badlogicgames.com/

The simplest way to get started is to do the tutorials of these libraries so you can get an idea of how they work.

 

If you don't insist on using Java, then C# with Unity might be interesting too. C# isn't that far from Java, and Unity is a much larger framework, which means you have to write less code for doing the basic things. (However, also with C# and Unity I have no experience.)

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