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Hello, I am trying to implement SSAO using DirectX11 but instead I got white screen with few black dots on model:


I am using normal-oriented hemispheres based on this tutorial: https://learnopengl.com/Advanced-Lighting/SSAO

My G-Buffer (albedo skipped), Tangent and Bitangent buffer:











// Filename: ssaoShader.ps

Texture2D textures[3]; //position, normal, noise
SamplerState SampleType;


cbuffer KernelBuffer
	float3 g_kernelValue[64];

struct PixelInputType
    float4 positionSV : SV_POSITION;
    float2 tex : TEXCOORD0;
	float4x4 projection : TEXCOORD1;

const float2 noiseScale = float2(1280.0f / 4.0f, 720.0f / 4.0f);
const float radius = 0.5f;
const float bias = 0.025f;
// Pixel Shader
float4 ColorPixelShader(PixelInputType input) : SV_TARGET
	float3 position = textures[0].Sample(SampleType, input.tex).xyz; 
	float3 normal = normalize(textures[1].Sample(SampleType, input.tex).rgb); 
	float3 randomVector = normalize(float3(textures[2].Sample(SampleType, input.tex * 100.0f).xy, 0.0f));
	//float3 randomVector = normalize(textures[2].Sample(SampleType, input.tex * noiseScale).xyz);

	float3 tangent = normalize(randomVector - normal * dot(randomVector, normal));
	float3 bitangent = cross(normal, tangent);
	float3x3 TBN = {tangent, bitangent, normal};

	float3 sample = float3(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
	float4 offset = float4(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
	float occlusion = 0.0f;

	for (int i = 0; i < 64; i++)
		sample = mul(TBN, g_kernelValue[i]);
		sample = position + sample * radius;

		offset = float4(sample, 1.0f);
		offset = mul(input.projection, offset);
		offset.xyz /= offset.w;
		offset.xyz = offset.xyz * 0.5f + 0.5f;
		float sampleDepth = textures[0].Sample(SampleType, offset.xy).z;
		occlusion += (sampleDepth >= sample.z + bias ? 1.0 : 0.0);
	occlusion = 1.0f - (occlusion / 64.0f);
	//float4 color = float4(position.x, position.y, position.z, 1.0f);
	//return color;
	return float4(occlusion, occlusion, occlusion, 1.0f);


I suppose that either my projection matrix is wrong (I am passing my global projection matrix that I use in every shader). Another option is that my kernel generation is wrong:



	//Create kernel for SSAO
	std::uniform_real_distribution<float> randomFloats(0.0f, 1.0f);
	std::default_random_engine generator;
	XMFLOAT3 tmpSample;
	for (int i = 0; i < SSAO_KERNEL_SIZE; i++)
		//Generate random vector3 ([-1, 1], [-1, 1], [0, 1])
		tmpSample.x = randomFloats(generator) * 2.0f - 1.0f;
		tmpSample.y = randomFloats(generator) * 2.0f - 1.0f;
		tmpSample.z = randomFloats(generator);

		//Normalize vector3
		XMVECTOR tmpVector;
		tmpVector.m128_f32[0] = tmpSample.x;
		tmpVector.m128_f32[1] = tmpSample.y;
		tmpVector.m128_f32[2] = tmpSample.z;

		tmpVector = XMVector3Normalize(tmpVector);
		tmpSample.x = tmpVector.m128_f32[0];
		tmpSample.y = tmpVector.m128_f32[1];
		tmpSample.z = tmpVector.m128_f32[2];

		//Multiply by random value all coordinates of vector3
		//float randomMultiply = randomFloats(generator);
		//tmpSample.x *= randomMultiply;
		//tmpSample.y *= randomMultiply;
		//tmpSample.z *= randomMultiply;

		//Scale samples so they are more aligned to middle of hemisphere
		float scale = float(i) / 64.0f;
		scale = lerp(0.1f, 1.0f, scale * scale);
		tmpSample.x *= scale;
		tmpSample.y *= scale;
		tmpSample.z *= scale;

		//Pass value to array
		m_ssaoKernel[i] = tmpSample;



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I changed code and remove multiplying tex coords by 100:

float3 randomVector = normalize(float3(textures[2].Sample(SampleType, input.tex).xy, 0.0f));

And it resulted in changed tangent/bitangent buffers:


Additionally I have found that "black dots" are actually the scaled models shown across the actual model. I found it on my sphere model which SSAO looks like this:


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Is it just me or do I also see the artifact in the bi-normal and tangent images?

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For some reason, there are few. But it shouldn't change the result SSAO map, right?

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You're using DX and the tutorial is OpenGL, so I think you have to reverse your matrix mul() operations in your shader, so you do "mul(vector, matrix)" and not "mul(matrix, vector)"? 🤔
Not sure wether the TBN construction might also need to be reversed..

And use the commented-out line to sample your noisetex, and not multiplying by nothing or 100 :)



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Changing multiplying order of "mul(matrix, vector)" doesn't change anything. Also I've tried reversing TBN matrix and other combinations and I can't find any visual difference after doing it. Do you think my kernel generation or usage might be wrong?

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