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An important thing - rotating the camera

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Hello!!! I''m creating now a computer game using DirectX (C++). I want a player (camera) to be in the tunnel and to be able to turn. However, when I use standard D3DXMatrixRotationY function, the camera is rotated around a circle - it doesn''t turn in certain place. So, how can I allow a player to turn without rotating camera around a circle? P.S. Earlier I thought that it would be good to rotate the camera first and then translate it to desired place. However, I don''t know how to do this. Anyway, if you have any idea, include a small example in your answer.

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You were right, Just rotate it first and then translate it. Here's the code I use. You can translate and rotate any way you want and you won't run into any problems (especially no damn gimbal lock ) :

D3DXMATRIX YawMat, PitchMat, RollMat;

Up_Vector = D3DXVECTOR3(0,1,0);
Right_Vector = D3DXVECTOR3(1,0,0);
Look_Vector = D3DXVECTOR3(0,0,1);

D3DXMatrixRotationAxis(&YawMat, &Up_Vector, Yaw);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Look_Vector, &Look_Vector, &YawMat);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Right_Vector, &Right_Vector, &YawMat);

D3DXMatrixRotationAxis(&PitchMat, &Right_Vector, Pitch);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Look_Vector, &Look_Vector, &PitchMat);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Up_Vector, &Up_Vector, &PitchMat);

D3DXMatrixRotationAxis(&RollMat, &Look_Vector, Roll);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Up_Vector, &Up_Vector, &RollMat);
D3DXVec3TransformCoord(&Right_Vector, &Right_Vector, &RollMat);


ViewMat._11 = Right_Vector.x; ViewMat._12 = Up_Vector.x; ViewMat._13 = Look_Vector.x;
ViewMat._21 = Right_Vector.y; ViewMat._22 = Up_Vector.y; ViewMat._23 = Look_Vector.y;
ViewMat._31 = Right_Vector.z; ViewMat._32 = Up_Vector.z; ViewMat._33 = Look_Vector.z;
ViewMat._41 = - ((X * Right_Vector.x) + (Y * Right_Vector.y) + (Z * Right_Vector.z));
ViewMat._42 = - ((X * Up_Vector.x) + (Y * Up_Vector.y) + (Z * Up_Vector.z));
ViewMat._43 = - ((X * Look_Vector.x) + (Y * Look_Vector.y) + (Z * Look_Vector.z));

D3DDevice->SetTransform(D3DTS_VIEW, &ViewMat);

Yaw, Pitch, Roll, and X, Y, Z are the variables that you need to supply. You may also want to store a copy of the Up_Vector, Right_Vector, and Look_Vector *AFTER* they have been transformed by your Yaw, Pitch, and Roll values. Then you can move using them, ie: to move in the direction you're LOOKING do this:
X += speed * Look_Vector.x;
Y += speed * Look_Vector.y;
Z += speed * Look_Vector.z;

Think of the Up_Vector, Right_Vector, and Look_Vector as the 3 axis of your object's coordinate system. When you want it to change orientation relative to the entire world you rotate those 3 axis (basically rotating the object coordinate system within a bigger world coordinate system).

Hope that helps a little. I don't know if this is the most efficient way to handle transformations but it works and it's not nearly as complicated as quaternions.


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[edited by - atreyu on June 1, 2002 3:02:15 AM]

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