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OpenGL Please Help!! I am new to OpenGL and cant get my Win32 code working

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When I run the program the window displays but there is no OpenGL (Graphics displayed in the window). I have spent hours on this code and cant figure it out if someone could help that would be great! THX ---------------------------WinMain.cpp-------------------------- #define WIN32_MEAN_AND_LEAN #define WIN32_EXTRA_LEAN #include "CWindow.h" int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, LPSTR lpCmndLine, int nShowCmd) { MSG msg; CWindow window; window.SetupWindow(hInstance); msg = window.EnterMessageLoop(); return msg.wParam; } ------------------------CWindow.h------------------------------ #ifndef CWINDOW_H #define CWINDOW_H #define WIN32_MEAN_AND_LEAN #define WIN32_EXTRA_LEAN #include <windows.h> #include <gl\gl.h> #include <gl\glu.h> class CWindow { protected: HWND hWnd; HDC hDC; HGLRC hRC; MSG msg; private: public: bool done; friend LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam); void SetupWindow(HINSTANCE Instance); void Create(); void Destroy(); void Paint(); void SetupPixelFormat(); MSG EnterMessageLoop(); }; #endif ----------------------------CWindow.cpp------------------------- #define WIN32_MEAN_AND_LEAN #define WIN32_EXTRA_LEAN #include <windows.h> #include "CWindow.h" LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hWnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) { CWindow window; switch (msg) { case WM_CREATE: { window.Create(); return 0; break; } case WM_CLOSE: { window.Destroy(); return 0; break; } case WM_SIZE: { int height = HIWORD(lParam); int width = LOWORD(lParam); if (height==0) { height=1; } glViewport(0, 0, width, height); glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION); glLoadIdentity(); gluPerspective(45.0,(GLfloat)width/(GLfloat)height,1.0,1000.0); glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW); glLoadIdentity(); return 0; break; } default: break; } return DefWindowProc(hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam); } void CWindow::SetupWindow(HINSTANCE Instance) { WNDCLASSEX windowClass; windowClass.cbSize = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX); windowClass.lpfnWndProc = (WNDPROC)WndProc; windowClass.style = CS_VREDRAW | CS_HREDRAW; windowClass.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW); windowClass.cbClsExtra = 0; windowClass.cbWndExtra = 0; windowClass.hInstance = Instance; windowClass.hIcon = NULL; windowClass.hbrBackground = NULL; windowClass.lpszMenuName = NULL; windowClass.lpszClassName = "windowClass"; windowClass.hIconSm = NULL; RegisterClassEx(&windowClass); hWnd = CreateWindowEx(NULL, "windowClass", "Application", WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE | WS_SYSMENU | WS_CLIPSIBLINGS | WS_CLIPCHILDREN, 100, 100, 800, 600, NULL, NULL, Instance, NULL); ShowWindow(hWnd, SW_SHOW); UpdateWindow(hWnd); } MSG CWindow::EnterMessageLoop() { done = false; while(!done) { PeekMessage(&msg, hWnd, NULL, NULL, PM_REMOVE); if (msg.message == WM_QUIT) { done = true; } else { glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); glLoadIdentity(); glBegin (GL_TRIANGLES); glColor3f(1, 0, 0); glVertex3f(0, 1, 0); glColor3f(0, 1, 0); glVertex3f(-1, 0, 0); glColor3f(0, 0, 1); glVertex3f(1, 0, 0); glEnd(); SwapBuffers(hDC); TranslateMessage(&msg); DispatchMessage(&msg); } } return msg; } void CWindow::Destroy() { wglMakeCurrent(hDC, NULL); wglDeleteContext(hRC); PostQuitMessage(0); } void CWindow::SetupPixelFormat() { int PixelFormat; static PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd = { sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR), 1, PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW | PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER, PFD_TYPE_RGBA, 32, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 16, 0, 0, PFD_MAIN_PLANE, 0, 0, 0, 0 }; PixelFormat = ChoosePixelFormat(hDC, &pfd); SetPixelFormat(hDC, PixelFormat, &pfd); } void CWindow::Create() { hDC = GetDC(hWnd); SetupPixelFormat(); hRC = wglCreateContext(hDC); wglMakeCurrent(hDC, hRC); }

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I am far from an expert, but I suggest you review your code structure and where you place certain things in what functions. I would take a guess that your not passing open gl properly to the window but gee - how general is that lol

http://nehe.gamedev.net

check out lessons 1 or 2''s code to see something similar to what you are trying to do.

As far as my own code is concerned, I always use an initGL function and a DrawMyScene() function, both which I presume to be of importance to the open gl interpreter. Plus my pixel format descripter sits inside a createGLwindow function

someone may advise me as well on how this properly works

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i think that''s a good idea to start from scratch.. try to locate you error in nehe.gamedev.net. and learn about calling function when using windows API..
hope that would help..

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I don't see any glaring errors, except that you don't do any error checking to see if everything worked. ie. did you really get a HDC? did SetPixelFormat work? Here's how NeHe set it up:

    
if (!(hDC=GetDC(hWnd))) // Did We Get A Device Context?

{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display

MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Device Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE

}

if (!(PixelFormat=ChoosePixelFormat(hDC,&pfd))) // Did Windows Find A Matching Pixel Format?

{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display

MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Find A Suitable PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE

}

if(!SetPixelFormat(hDC,PixelFormat,&pfd)) // Are We Able To Set The Pixel Format?

{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display

MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Set The PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE

}

if (!(hRC=wglCreateContext(hDC))) // Are We Able To Get A Rendering Context?

{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display

MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE

}

if(!wglMakeCurrent(hDC,hRC)) // Try To Activate The Rendering Context

{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display

MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Activate The GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE

}


---
Make it work.
Make it fast.

"Commmmpuuuuterrrr.." --Scotty Star Trek IV:The Voyage Home

[edited by - CaptainJester on June 5, 2002 7:56:15 AM]

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If you are new to opengl don''t try to make classes at first.. use one source and that''s all... somehow i used on my program

int Format = ChoosePixelFormat(*hDC,&pfd);
SetPixelFomart(*hDC,Format,&pfd);

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try to call in winmain to your functions:

void Create();
void Destroy();
void Paint();
void SetupPixelFormat();

and not only call to setupwindow and entermessageloop

O_o

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This one wasn''t easy, but I got it:

In your WndProc, you called the Create function of a LOCAL instance of the CWindow class, NOT the one from WinMain.cpp

What you need to do, is save a pointer to the instance of CWindow using SetWindowLong and use GetWindowLong to call a local WndProc inside the class, like this:

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hWnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
LPCREATESTRUCT cs;

if (msg == WM_CREATE)
{
cs = (LPCREATESTRUCT) lParam;
SetWindowLong(hWnd, GWL_USERDATA, (LONG) cs->lpCreateParams);
}

CWindow *window = (CWindow *) GetWindowLong(hWnd, GWL_USERDATA);
return window->LocalWndProc(hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam);


}

Also, you must send the this-pointer to the WM_CREATE using:

hWnd = CreateWindowEx(NULL, "windowClass", "Application", WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE | WS_SYSMENU | WS_CLIPSIBLINGS | WS_CLIPCHILDREN, 100, 100, 800, 600, NULL, NULL, Instance, this);

You must also call the Create() function at the end of SetupWindow, followed by a call to the resizing function.

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