• Announcements

    • khawk

      Download the Game Design and Indie Game Marketing Freebook   07/19/17

      GameDev.net and CRC Press have teamed up to bring a free ebook of content curated from top titles published by CRC Press. The freebook, Practices of Game Design & Indie Game Marketing, includes chapters from The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, and An Architectural Approach to Level Design. The GameDev.net FreeBook is relevant to game designers, developers, and those interested in learning more about the challenges in game development. We know game development can be a tough discipline and business, so we picked several chapters from CRC Press titles that we thought would be of interest to you, the GameDev.net audience, in your journey to design, develop, and market your next game. The free ebook is available through CRC Press by clicking here. The Curated Books The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, Second Edition, by Jesse Schell Presents 100+ sets of questions, or different lenses, for viewing a game’s design, encompassing diverse fields such as psychology, architecture, music, film, software engineering, theme park design, mathematics, anthropology, and more. Written by one of the world's top game designers, this book describes the deepest and most fundamental principles of game design, demonstrating how tactics used in board, card, and athletic games also work in video games. It provides practical instruction on creating world-class games that will be played again and again. View it here. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, by Joel Dreskin Marketing is an essential but too frequently overlooked or minimized component of the release plan for indie games. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing provides you with the tools needed to build visibility and sell your indie games. With special focus on those developers with small budgets and limited staff and resources, this book is packed with tangible recommendations and techniques that you can put to use immediately. As a seasoned professional of the indie game arena, author Joel Dreskin gives you insight into practical, real-world experiences of marketing numerous successful games and also provides stories of the failures. View it here. An Architectural Approach to Level Design This is one of the first books to integrate architectural and spatial design theory with the field of level design. The book presents architectural techniques and theories for level designers to use in their own work. It connects architecture and level design in different ways that address the practical elements of how designers construct space and the experiential elements of how and why humans interact with this space. Throughout the text, readers learn skills for spatial layout, evoking emotion through gamespaces, and creating better levels through architectural theory. View it here. Learn more and download the ebook by clicking here. Did you know? GameDev.net and CRC Press also recently teamed up to bring GDNet+ Members up to a 20% discount on all CRC Press books. Learn more about this and other benefits here.

caballero

Members
  • Content count

    14
  • Joined

  • Last visited

Community Reputation

101 Neutral

About caballero

  • Rank
    Member

Personal Information

  1. DX11

    Thanks for info! Additionally some further gamedev redirections: how to find the constant buffer slots via shader reflection [url="http://www.gamedev.net/topic/607104-d3d11shaderreflection-and-constant-buffer-slot/"]http://www.gamedev.net/topic/607104-d3d11shaderreflection-and-constant-buffer-slot/[/url] some thoughts about UpdateSubResource vs Map/Unmap [url="http://www.gamedev.net/topic/616350-dx11-fastest-way-to-update-a-constant-buffer-per-draw-call/"]http://www.gamedev.net/topic/616350-dx11-fastest-way-to-update-a-constant-buffer-per-draw-call/[/url]
  2. DX11

    Hi, I've updated all code parts in my previous posts. Thx kauna for the hint since after changing the slots in the code no warnings or errors occur. // I've set the following for slots for the buffers to be comprehensible vs.setconstantbuffer(matrix_buffer, 1); vs.setconstantbuffer(light_buffer, 0); ps.setconstantbuffer(light_buffer, 2); I thought that the cbuffers in the shader will be declared in sequential order since I'm defining first the Matrix cbuffer then the Light cbuffer. I tried to fixate that by setting : register(cb#). Obviously i was wrong with this assumption. Now it's all black (of course it is black, I think I am really learning dx the hard way) without any warnings thanks for your help! Theoretically, if I define more cbuffers, how can I find out which slots they were assigned to?
  3. DX11

    The structure of the constant buffer is [code]cbuffer Matrixbuffer : register(cb0) { matrix World; matrix WorldViewProjection; float3 CameraPosition; float padding; }; [/code] and [code]cbuffer LightBuffer : register(cb1) { float3 MaterialAmbient; // Material's ambient color float MaterialAlpha; float3 MaterialDiffuse; // Material's diffuse color float MaterialShininess; float3 MaterialSpecular; // Material's specular color float padding2; float2 SpecularTextured; float2 padding3; };[/code] It seems to me that updating the constant buffer in the foreach loop overwrites the first "global" constant buffer. Could there be something that I am missing? Would a pix run file help you to get more information out of it?
  4. DX11

    Thanks for the quick response! I think you meant VSSetConstantBuffer and PSSetConstantBuffer in the last sentence. I've replaced setting both cbuffer at the same time [color=#660066]ImmediateContext[/color][color=#666600].[/color][color=#660066]VertexShader[/color][color=#666600].[/color][color=#660066]SetConstantBuffers[/color][color=#666600]([/color][color=#000088]new[/color][color=#666600][][/color][color=#000000] [/color][color=#666600]{[/color][color=#000000] _matrix_constant_buffer[/color][color=#666600],[/color][color=#000000] _light_constant_buffer [/color][color=#666600]},[/color][color=#000000] [/color][color=#006666]0[/color][color=#666600],[/color][color=#006666]2[/color][color=#666600]);[/color] with ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_matrix_constant_buffer, 0); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 1); and also set the cbuffer to the pixel shader ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 1); I also tried to attach - : register(cbx) to the cbuffer declaration in the shader code. but the result is the same error message [img]http://public.gamedev.net//public/style_emoticons/default/sad.png[/img] Alright, I tried the same code with the sharpdx framework with the same ouput..
  5. Hi, I've started to learn dx11 with the slimdx framework. Currently i tried to use two constant buffer to update informations more frequent then other. But with my current shader code I get some strange behaviour using the two constant buffers:// cbuffer definition struct ShaderLightBuffer { public Vector3 Ambient; public float Alpha; public Vector3 Diffuse; public float Shininess; public Vector3 Specular; public float padding; public Vector2 SpecularTextured; public Vector2 padding2; } struct ShaderMatrixBuffer { public Matrix World; public Matrix WorldViewProjection; public Vector3 CameraPosition; public float padding1; } // buffer initialization _light_constant_buffer = new Buffer(Device, Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(ShaderLightBuffer)), ResourceUsage.Default, BindFlags.ConstantBuffer, CpuAccessFlags.None, ResourceOptionFlags.None, 0); _matrix_constant_buffer = new Buffer(Device, Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(ShaderMatrixBuffer)), ResourceUsage.Default, BindFlags.ConstantBuffer, CpuAccessFlags.None, ResourceOptionFlags.None, 0); // render logic ImmediateContext.InputAssembler.InputLayout = _input_layout; ImmediateContext.InputAssembler.PrimitiveTopology = PrimitiveTopology.TriangleList; ImmediateContext.InputAssembler.SetVertexBuffers(0, _buffer_bindings.ToArray()); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.Set(_vertex_shader); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_matrix_constant_buffer, 0); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 1); ImmediateContext.Rasterizer.SetViewports(Engine.DeviceManager.Viewport); ImmediateContext.PixelShader.Set(_pixel_shader); ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 2); ImmediateContext.OutputMerger.SetTargets(DepthBuffer, RenderTarget); // .. set wvp, world, camera position to matrix buffer.. ShaderMatrixBuffer matrix_buffer = new ShaderMatrixBuffer(); matrix_buffer.WorldViewProjection = view_proj; matrix_buffer.World = world_matrix; matrix_buffer.CameraPosition = Engine.Camera.Eye; // update matrix constant buffer var matrix_stream = new DataStream(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(ShaderMatrixBuffer)), true, true); matrix_stream.Write(matrix_buffer); matrix_stream.Position = 0; ImmediateContext.UpdateSubresource(new DataBox(0, 0, matrix_stream), _matrix_constant_buffer, 0); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_matrix_constant_buffer, 0); foreach (var material in Materials) { ShaderLightBuffer light_buffer = new ShaderLightBuffer(); light_buffer.Alpha = 1f; light_buffer.Ambient = material.Ambient; light_buffer.Diffuse = material.Diffuse; light_buffer.Specular = material.Specular; light_buffer.Shininess = (int)material.Shininess; light_buffer.SpecularTextured = new Vector2 (0); if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(material.TextureFilename)) { light_buffer.SpecularTextured = new Vector2(1); if (_shader_resource == null) { var texture = Texture2D.FromFile(Device, Path.Combine(material.Path, material.TextureFilename)); _shader_resource = new ShaderResourceView(Device, texture); } ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetShaderResource(_shader_resource, 0); } ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetSampler(_sampler_state, 0); var light_stream = new DataStream(Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(ShaderLightBuffer)), true, true); light_stream.Write(light_buffer); light_stream.Position = 0; ImmediateContext.UpdateSubresource(new DataBox(0, 0, light_stream), _light_constant_buffer, 0); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 1); ImmediateContext.VertexShader.SetConstantBuffer(_light_constant_buffer, 2); ImmediateContext.Draw(_vertices_count[i], 0); } // end render logic Alright, I hope this code is straight forward, just setting all infos for the pipeline stages, updating the general constant buffer and the cbuffer for each material used for the geometry. Now the odd part - shader codePS_INPUT VS( VS_INPUT input ) { PS_INPUT output; // Transform the position into world space for lighting, and projected space float4 vPosWorld = mul( float4(input.position,1), World ); output.position = mul( float4(input.position,1), WorldViewProjection ); // pass texture coordinate output.texcoord = input.texcoord; // transform normal into world space for lighting float3 normal_world = mul( input.normal, (float3x3) World); float3 light_vector = normalize( LightPosition - vPosWorld.xyz ); // compute the ambient and diffuse components of illumination output.color.rgb = LightColor * MaterialAmbient; output.color.rgb += LightColor * MaterialDiffuse * saturate( dot( light_vector, normal_world ) ); if( SpecularTextured.x > 0) { float3 camera = normalize( vPosWorld.xyz - CameraPosition ); float3 reflection = reflect ( light_vector, normal_world ); float phone_value = saturate( dot( reflection, camera ) ); output.color.rgb += MaterialSpecular * pow( phone_value, MaterialShininess ); } // odd things happens if i comment the next line -> [7480] D3D11: WARNING: ID3D11DeviceContext::Draw: The size of the Constant Buffer at slot 1 of the Vertex Shader unit is too small (64 bytes provided, 144 bytes, at least, expected). This is OK, as out-of-bounds reads are defined to return 0. It is also possible the developer knows the missing data will not be used anyway. This is only a problem if the developer actually intended to bind a sufficiently large Constant Buffer for what the shader expects. [ EXECUTION WARNING #351: DEVICE_DRAW_CONSTANT_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL ] output.color.rgb = MaterialDiffuse; output.color.a = MaterialShininess; return output; } float4 PS( PS_INPUT input ) : SV_Target { float4 output = input.color; //// Sample and modulate the texture if ( SpecularTextured.y > 0 ) output.rgb *= MeshTexture.Sample( samLinear, input.texcoord ); return output; }If I set the color values to diffuse the in the vertex shader it draws my geometry correctly with the defined color. But commenting out the color assignment (since this line was used for debugging), will give me the following warning: [7480] D3D11: WARNING: ID3D11DeviceContext::Draw: The size of the Constant Buffer at slot 1 of the Vertex Shader unit is too small (64 bytes provided, 144 bytes, at least, expected). This is OK, as out-of-bounds reads are defined to return 0. It is also possible the developer knows the missing data will not be used anyway. This is only a problem if the developer actually intended to bind a sufficiently large Constant Buffer for what the shader expects. [ EXECUTION WARNING #351: DEVICE_DRAW_CONSTANT_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL ] This happens also if I use UpdateSubResource method to update both constant buffers. It seems that the second constant buffer update overwrites also the first constant buffer. I wanted to ask how to handle multiple constant buffer updates? Am I missing something?
  6. Hi, I wanted to ask if there is a tutorial for accessing the depth buffer, or further tutorials like using mrt and sampling afterwards from them for nvidia's fx composer? I've looked at some samples from the shader library, but for me they look all a bit messy and are mixed up with sm3 code. I searched for a while at google but till yet, I haven't found any further documentations about this topic. Another question is, do game developer use fx composer, or do they develope their own shader authoring tools? Are there any alternatives to fx composer for developing sm4 and above shaders? Sadly that ati stopped developing on rendermonkey, the ui isn't that overcrowded as in fx composer. cheers
  7. Hi Folks, we finally get the view-position reconstruction to work. The solution was obvious but doesn't look that nice in the shader code. The shader code in the G-Buffer pass we removed the following lines, [code] output.DepthZW.xy = output.Position.zw; // in the vertex shader output.Depth = input.DepthZW.x / input.DepthZW.y; // in the pixel shader [/code] because the hardware depth buffer store this value for us, so we don't need to recalculate them. In the post-process fullscreen pass we changed the following: [code] float3 getPosition(in float2 uv) { // Get the depth value for this pixel float z = SampleDepthBuffer(uv); float x = uv.x * 2 - 1; float y = (1 - uv.y) * 2 - 1; float4 vProjectedPos = float4(x, y, z, 1.0f); // Transform by the inverse projection matrix float4 vPositionVS = mul(vProjectedPos, InverseProjection); // Divide by w to get the view-space position vPositionVS.z = -vPositionVS.z; // solution - discard texel values at depth = 1 if(z == 1.0) return float3(0, 0, 0); return vPositionVS.xyz / vPositionVS.w; } [/code] Before rendering the scene we clear the depth stencil buffer with 1. If the scene is not full of objects some depth values will be 1, painting the view-space position reconstruction at this position too. Discarding these values, gives us the desired but static background. Another way would be to change the depth comparison function but imho both options doesn't look nice. How do you guys (would) handle that problem, when using the hardware depth buffer for viewspace position reconstruction?
  8. Alright, seems that my problem has something to do with this topic: [url="http://www.gamedev.net/topic/594238-slimdxtrying-to-understand-bottlenecks/"]http://www.gamedev.net/topic/594238-slimdxtrying-to-understand-bottlenecks/[/url] But can anyone tell me the difference about using an own dx10 swapchain and the slimdx sample approach with just using device.flush() in wpf?
  9. Hi Folks, in all C++ DX Books the authors write about creating a SwapChain with the device to handle the front, buffer which will be presented, and the back buffer, where the next scene will be rendered. Whereas SwapChain.Present will finally swap the two (or x) buffers. But if I am looking at the SlimDx10 Wpf Sample, there's no dx10 swapchain creation, instead a dx9 swapchain will be created. What I've read so far it's because the D3DImage in WPF doesn't support DX10. Instead of calling swapchain.present to swap the buffers the device will be flushed (Device.Flush()), where the documentation just says, that all queued commands will be send to the command buffer, which says nothing to me. Can anyone explain me the general idea how this approach works? Recently I developed a deferred rendering scenario in DX 10 with SlimDx as an WPF application. The scenario just blur the mesh objects in the scene. After finally get it to work it show up some strange VSync errors when moving the scene. If I google for that, they always say that swapchain.present will handle these errors, but obviously I've got no swapchain in my hand! Has anyone tried to create a dx10 swapchain in a slimdx supported wpf application?
  10. Alright, finally I got the missing piece. Slimdx does take the plattform toolset property set to v90 very seriously. At the time the error occured I hadn't installed vstudio08 on my computer, just vs10. Now I installed vs90 too, and no linking error appears! ..hm... I see.. I haven't tried the sync tool back then ..
  11. Hi, I've reimplemented loading an .obj file into a mesh object for c#. At the end I come to a stage where I assign the vertex, index and attribute buffer to the mesh object. After that I'll try to optimize the vertex/index buffer via the optimize in place method. As far as I understand this optimization step I had to call the generate adjacency method which throws all duplicate vertex indices (same position related to a specific epsilon) away. But after calling the method I'll get a Direct3D9Exception (still using dx9 device) at BaseMesh::GenerateAdjacency where the HRESULT hr returns a failure. Here's my current code snippet: [code] // Create the encapsulated mesh _mesh = new SlimDX.Direct3D9.Mesh(device, _Indices.Count / 3, _Vertices.Count, MeshFlags.SystemMemory | MeshFlags.Use32Bit, PositionNormalTextureVertex.VertexElements); // storing vertex buffer in the mesh DataStream vertex_stream = _mesh.LockVertexBuffer(LockFlags.None); vertex_stream.WriteRange(_Vertices.ToArray()); _mesh.UnlockVertexBuffer(); // storing index buffer DataStream index_stream = _mesh.LockIndexBuffer(LockFlags.None); index_stream.WriteRange(_Indices.ToArray()); _mesh.UnlockIndexBuffer(); // storing attribute buffer DataStream attribute_stream = _mesh.LockAttributeBuffer(LockFlags.None); attribute_stream.WriteRange(_Attributes.ToArray()); _mesh.UnlockAttributeBuffer(); _mesh.GenerateAdjacency(0.001f); // <-- Exception will be thrown here // _mesh.OptimizeInPlace(MeshOptimizeFlags.AttributeSort | MeshOptimizeFlags.VertexCache); [/code] VertexElement is defined as: [code] public static readonly VertexElement[] VertexElements = { new VertexElement(0, 0, DeclarationType.Float4, DeclarationMethod.Default, DeclarationUsage.Position, 0), new VertexElement(0, 16, DeclarationType.Float3, DeclarationMethod.Default, DeclarationUsage.Normal, 0), new VertexElement(0, 28, DeclarationType.Float2, DeclarationMethod.Default,DeclarationUsage.TextureCoordinate, 0), VertexElement.VertexDeclarationEnd }; [/code] The mesh will be drawn if I comment out the generation adjacency method, so the rendering works fine. Any ideas? Is there something missing? Cheers
  12. Alright, I've done a completely fresh checkout. But the same error message appears after building the slimdx project with the default Debug - x86 settings! After building the solution with the Debug-4.0 - x86 setting the build succeeded.
  13. Hi, i have a problem too with building slimdx but on visual studio 2010. I'm sorry Norris to abuse this thread but i don't wanted to start a new one after seeing this thread. (hopefully your problem get fixed too ) I've downloaded the source code at via svn at opened the solution file from the build directory. Changed the plattform settings to x86 and obviously the plattform toolset to v100 (vs10). Now the building part: The Effects project does build correctly without any errors and warnings. But at building the SlimDx project i got the following linker error messages: Error LNK2022: metadata operation failed (80131195) : ..: (0x0c00013a). C:\Users\...\slimdx\build\MSVCMRTD.lib(msilexit.obj) SlimDX I'll get these error messages a few times with different addresses (the 0x.. above) and other MSVCMRTD.lib files where in the brackets, they were pointing to different .obj files. At the end Error description line i get: Error LNK1255: link failed because of metadata errors C:\Users\...\slimdx\build\LINK SlimDX Am I'm missing something in the linker settings? Or should i switch the revision? I am currently at revision 1989.