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Marc Mencher

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  1. Marc Mencher is founder and CEO of GameRecruiter and author of Get in the Game!, an instructional book on building a career in the video game industry. In this first in a series of articles on managing your career in the games industry, Marc offers advice on creating a LinkedIn profile for job hunting and networking. You Will Get Hired Based on What the Internet Reveals About You 68% of U.S. employers will offer someone a job because they like what the Internet discloses about them. Things that generate a positive online presence include your ability to write or express yourself well; the wide range of interests you exhibit; the creativity or professionalism you demonstrate. The Internet is Your New Resume! 90% of all U.S. Employers have visited a Job Hunters profile on social networks like LinkedIn and Facebook. That is why it’s most important to keep your profiles updated. There is nothing that will make you look less professional than having incomplete or outdated online profiles. Clean Up Your Online Presence or get REJECTED! 70% of U.S. employers reject applicants based on what they find about them on the Internet! Things that can get you rejected: spelling or grammar mistakes, signs of racism, prejudice or excessive political opinion postings; anything indicating you lied on the resume you submitted; anything indicating alcohol or drug abuse. Think about how you would like to come across online and post accordingly. Best Website for Your Career – LinkedIn! LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Skype, YouTube, Instagram, etc. are all great tools that today’s job hunter and networker need to consider using. However, LinkedIn is the most important of these sites. A LinkedIn profile can substitute for a resume and be used as the hub for your networking activity. Realize Human Resources, Hiring Managers, Recruiters, even people you meet socially will check out your LinkedIn profile and form all kinds of opinions about you. Keep Your Job Hunt Discreet –Customize Your LinkedIn Settings When you make any additions, or change to your LinkedIn profile, notifications saying that you have done so are posted out to your entire network of connections. Receiving several of these notices about your profile is a telltale sign to recruiters, employers and the entire LinkedIn network that you’re job hunting. I STRONGLY suggest you adjust the following 11 settings. The privacy settings are easy to find: Just sign in, and then select: the me (pulldown). Navigate to ‘Settings & Privacy’. You are presented with 3 main options: Account, Privacy and Communications. I recommend changing the following settings. Manage Active Status - Here you can change who can see you when you are active on LinkedIn. You can specifically block profiles. HIDE your activity status from your current CEO, Boss or Work Associates. Who Can See Your Connections – While you could allow all your LinkedIn connections to see your entire network, I recommend the ONLY YOU option. Members will still be able to see connections who endorse you and connections they share with you unless you turn this feature off also. Sharing Profile Edits – Change this option to NO! This will stop all your activity broadcasts, so the entire LinkedIn network is not notified when you make profile changes. Profile Viewing Options – Here you can change what others see when you view their profile. LinkedIn’s default setting will show your name and headline. This is not helpful if you're operating in stealth mode. Choose the ANONYMOUS / PRIVATE option so other LinkedIn members do not know you looked at their profile. Notifying Connections When You’re in The News – Select YES and let your connections know when you are mentioned in the news, articles or blog posts. Who Can See Your Last Name – It's a big turn off to hide your last name from people on a networking site. It creates a negative vibe; What are you hiding? Make sure your Full Name is showing so folks on and off LinkedIn can easily find your profile. Sharing Your Profile When You Click Apply – Choose if you want to share your profile with a Job Poster when you click apply to a LinkedIn job ad. Let Recruiter Know Your Open to Opportunities – I would select NO. I don’t want a ton of Recruiter’s approaching me daily. If you select Yes, LinkedIn does try not to show your current company that you're open to recruiters, but can’t guarantee privacy. Who Can Discover Your Profile via Your Email Address or Phone Number – I would choose the EVERYONE option. Why make it difficult to find you on LinkedIn? Salary Data on LinkedIn – I would NOT fill this out. You seek to learn about all career opportunities. Want to know more about me? Connect and Ask! Profile Visibility off LinkedIn – Select YES and allow your profile information to be shared by permitted services such as search engines like Google. Your Photo Since LinkedIn is the most important online tool for job hunting, networking, professional branding, and showcasing your abilities, skills and experience. Designing a profile that stands out from the crowd, is easily found and properly represents you is VITAL. Let’s start with the profile Photo you choose to use. Your photo is a very important part of your profile. Surveys show that employers are turned on by a Head Shot. The likelihood that your profile will get viewed increases 10-fold with the proper image. Choose a photo with just your head and shoulders. If you can’t find an image you like, then hire a professional photographer. Tips for your photo: Your photo should be only you. Do not include your spouse, children, pets, etc. Use a current picture so people aren’t surprised when they meet you in person. SMILE - Select a photo in which you appear friendly in an authentic way. Dress in a professional manner that is appropriate for your industry. Typically, this means a dress shirt or blouse, a shirt and tie, or even a suit. However, in the Game Industry for example, a suit would be overkill and look odd. Avoid white; it can make you appear washed out. Avoid busy backgrounds, standing against a solid-colored background is best. Your Headline Change Your Headline! Don’t allow it to default to your boring work title. You want to tell people what you do while also being compelling enough to make people want to learn more about you. Especially if your job title is different from the industry norm or does not contain the words normally used when searching for someone who does what you do, use the Headline area to add the proper title. This area is also great for adding your specialties, industry focus or what you are known most for. Examples: Software Engineer – you’re a Game Programmer specializing in Rendering or Server, etc. Animator – you’re an Animator specializing in 3D or 2D or CGI or Rotoscoping, etc. Game Designer - you’re a Designer specializing in Level or Content or Systems or UI, etc. Your Job Titles A job title can describe the level of the job or the responsibilities of the position. For example: Vice President, Director or Manager. Other job titles reflect what the person does in the job. For example: iOS Game Programmer, VFX Artist or Level Designer. If your current job title is not the norm for your Industry than adjust it for your LinkedIn profile. For example, if internally you are called a Software Engineer III, but to the outside world you are really managing a team, use words like Team Lead or Manager. These titles are more descriptive of your true job function. Your Summary Section What is your Competitive Advantage? What makes you a Better Hire than others? With your target audience in mind, use the Summary section to succinctly showcase your specialty or value proposition. The more specific you can be about what sets you apart from the competition, the better. Ideally, your summary should be ~ 3 paragraphs long. Present as much information as you can without losing the readers interest. Suggestions: Bulletize or highlight key skills, qualifications and the results you achieved. Write in a way that allows for your personality to shine. Avoid writing in 3rd person or lengthy explanations as this often lands as negative for the reader. Include numbers or facts that prove success and establish credibility. Show examples - LinkedIn lets you add photos, videos, and presentations to your summary. Add contact information like your email and telephone number here. Don’t make it difficult to reach out to you. Struggling with what to add to the Summary section, locate several job ads for the position you’re after. Make sure the words, phrases and industry jargon that is used is sprinkled throughout your summary. Your Work Experience Job Titles don’t really tell the full story of what you do, therefore work experience descriptions are important. I am not a fan of trying to get my profile to exactly mirror my resume. A resume is too much data to share. Most people are interested in quickly checking you out. You have less than ~1 minute of their attention, so I try to create a profile that with a glance establishes credibility and communicates my value and ability. Use this space to summarize some of your achievements in each of the jobs you have held. Suggestions: Tell a succinct story of how you did it and back it up with facts or figures. Use the keywords and industry jargon. Describe what you do, using action words such as led, grew, managed, reduced, etc. Use the present tense for your current job and past tense for previous jobs. Don't overdo Bulletizing or Bolding. Don’t make your profile daunting to read! Skills & Endorsements Section Skills Get Your Profile Attention. According to LinkedIn, profiles with more skills listed get up to 17 times more views. Think of LinkedIn as a search engine and the Skills & Endorsements section as the SEO for your profile. In this section list all your skills, which other LinkedIn users can endorse. The more skills you list the better, however you are limited to 50 keywords. If you’re not sure what skills to include, check out other folks on LinkedIn who have similar backgrounds and see what they use. Use Keywords Research the keywords that you should include for each job. If in doubt, take a look at your actual job description and the essential and desirable skills required for the job you are doing and review the profiles of your colleagues and peers. Customize Your URL When you create a LinkedIn profile, you will automatically be assigned a LinkedIn URL address. These addresses are a mix of numbers and letters and don’t make sense to a Human. I recommend you use some form of your name as your LinkedIn URL address. For example, I edited my URL to as this is much easier to remember. To do this, navigate to the Edit Profile screen and look for the Edit Public Profile & URL button. Change your auto-generated URL to what you want your address to be. If you have a common name and the URL you want is already taken, instead of First and Last name, try First Initial and Last name or other combinations until your successful. The result will be that it is much easier to remember and connect with you on LinkedIn. Add Websites & Links Add links to your LinkedIn profile that you feel will help your profile and experience stand out. Your Blog, Twitter, a video of you discussing some area of your expertise. Don’t forget about links to any articles you may have written. Use the add media function to add a link to the Summary, Employment or Education sections of your profile. You can also insert 3 URLs in the contact section of your profile. Select “Edit Profile” from the Profile Menu, which will show an “Edit Contact Info” prompt. LinkedIn offers you several pre-populated website types like “Company Website” or “Blog” but you can also customize the website type by selecting the “Other” option where LinkedIn will give you a Website Title prompt, followed by a URL prompt second. Recommendations Ask for a Recommendations! Recommendations are a vital component of your LinkedIn profile. They land as References or Endorsements of your work abilities and skills. Recommendations carry a lot of weight. Often, before you are selected for an interview a recruiter or hiring manager will check you out on LinkedIn to see who is recommending you. You want Recommendations from co-workers, supervisors, or even clients affirming your skills, accomplishments and positive work style. Avoid posting generic recommendations like: “Marc was great to work with”. You seek a more detailed recommendation with facts and figures like: “Marc found the Server Game Programmer we were seeking within 3 weeks of being assigned the search. His ability to move quickly allowed us to release our product on time and avoided a $1 million-dollar penalty”. When asking for a Recommendation, don’t be afraid to specify what you’d like the recommender to focus on. People tend to only remember their own contributions. I would encourage you to help the person you have approached for a Recommendation by providing them a draft of what you suggest they could write on your behalf. Give them all the relevant facts and figures so they do not have to remember nor research. Refresh their memory tubes on what you accomplished when you worked together. Make it easy for someone to edit, customize or create a powerful Recommendation. Groups Once you have completely updated and filled out your LinkedIn profile, then you can join groups. Groups are an incredible resource and very powerful way to increase the reach of your LinkedIn network. While you can join up to 50 groups, I suggest you initially focus on joining ~35 leaving yourself room to add new groups in the future. If you're using LinkedIn for job hunting you want to join groups related to your industry, profession, and expertise. If you're using LinkedIn for prospecting, then join groups where your target prospects would participate. I find groups great for establishing credibility and helping me focus my networking activity. Groups connect you to people relevant in your field, just like attending a networking event does. Join the larger size groups you find, avoid small or inactive groups. Make it a point to occasionally post to each of the groups you have joined when a topic you can contribute on is being discussed. Be aware that LinkedIn will remove you from a group if you don’t contribute. Final Tips Become an Author - LinkedIn’s allows all users to write and publish their work. Share your perspective about what’s going on in your industry. Discuss issues facing folks in your career specialty. Talk about using new technologies, etc. This is a GREAT way to get noticed on LinkedIn and establish yourself as an expert. Check Spelling & Grammar! Link Your Job to The Company – If your current or past companies where you have worked have a Company LinkedIn page, make sure you properly link this page to your profile. This way the company logo will show on your profile and your profile will also show up if someone searches past or present employees of that company. Manage Your Endorsements - Endorsements can be a great way to show off your skills. The way to get Endorsements working for you is to keep your skills updated. As you develop new skills, drop outdated skills from your profile. Add Supporting Information - LinkedIn allows you to upload images, PowerPoint presentations and PDF files to specific jobs. These can be used to support what you have written in your job description. Add Projects, Volunteer Experiences, or Languages - Do you speak a foreign language? Have a specialized certification? Learning something new? Add these types of things to your profile. About the Author Game Programmer / Technical Producer-turned-Recruiter and Career Coach, Marc Mencher has been in the Game Industry for 27 years. He is the founder and CEO of GameRecruiter. Marc began his career working for Spectrum Holobyte, Microprose and The 3DO Company. While he enjoyed coding, through the experience of developing product and leading teams, he realized that his true passion was helping people plan and manage their careers. Marc is the author of "Get in the Game!" an instructional book on building a career in the video game industry. His articles have been featured in a variety of industry publications. He is a speaker at game industry conferences and volunteers as an advisory board member for several colleges. Marc has been interviewed on television and radio as an expert on working in the videogames industry. His detailed bio can be found at
  2. Unless you're making a text-only game, you'll need to apply some form of Newtonian physics to pretty much every action that occurs on the screen. Computer and video games apply the laws of physics so that objects "behave" as they do in the normal world. This means that programmers need to know the physical science equations to apply them accurately and appropriately to the game code. (Even objects in an "alternate" or cartoon universe have to follow the rules of physics to be believable.) The online book description for Physics for Game Development states, "Colliding billiard balls. Missile trajectories. Cornering dynamics in speeding cars... By applying the laws of physics, you can realistically model nearly everything in games that bounces around, flies, rolls, slides, or isn't sitting still, to create compelling, believable content for computer games, simulations, and animation." Game elements that require application of physics include things we take for granted in the real world, like elasticity, light, sound, reactions and interactions, and especially gravity. Gravity - This basic principle is at the core of motion in our world; all falling objects respond to the force of gravity according to the laws of physics. Falling objects accelerate according to certain equations but all objects fall at the same rate, unless they are affected by air resistance. Likewise, if a game character jumps in the air, that character must come back down to earth according to the rules of gravity. (Even the girl in Leisure Suit Larry fell back down at some point . . . ) Motion - A game in which things don't move is going to be pretty boring. Even old school side scrollers have at least some type of motion on the screen, even if it's rolling terrain and limited pixel animations. The more you understand physics and programming, the more efficiently and you'll be able to add realism to your game--which means the more you can do with limited funds. Elasticity - Things bounce, stretch and snap back to their original form depending on how they react to the force effecting change are--in other words, depending on how "elastic" they are. This principle can be applied to create realism in an MMO, humor in a cartoon-based world and action in a super-hero type of game. Light - There are laws about how a beam of light will reflect off an object or how it will bend or refract when going through something transparent. Not only will application of these rules affect the overall realism in your game, they will also affect the game's visual appearance. Myst explored the use of these principles to great effect. Modern MMOs like Guild Wars 2 and action games like Call of Duty set a very high standard for the dramatic use of physics in this area. Sound - Sound characteristics like echoes or the Doppler effect (the effect of relative motion on sound waves) are applications of physical laws on sound. While we know that there's no sound in space, we accept the convention of explosions, collisions and engines in our entertainment media. Lack of sound would not only hamper the storytelling (and the drama) but it would mean that a lot of talented sound engineers don't have anything to do! ______________________________ [1] Pertaining to the laws developed by Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) 2 Collision detection - Used to determine how two solid objects interact in the envrionment. This could be as simple as whether your avatar walks through a fence or over it, whether you go around an NPC or through her, and whether you can shoot through rocks or not (applied as "line of sight.") Particle systems - A common aspect of computer games are explosions. Early computer games used the simple expediency of repeating the same explosion in each circumstance. However, in the real world, explosions vary depending on the terrain, altitude of the explosion and the type of solid bodies that come in contact with the explosion. A particle system model allows a variety of other physical phenomena to be simulated, including smoke, moving water, precipitation, and so forth. An environment's realism is limited by processor power, the knowledge of the programmers and of course, time and money available to make it fancy. Ragdoll physics - A procedural animation and simulation technique that displays the movement of a character when it drops to the ground, usually when it's killed. The character's body is a series of rigid bones connected with hinges at the joints; simulations model what happens to the body as it collapses to the ground. More sophisticated physics models of creature movement and collision interactions require greater level of computing power and a more accurate simulation of physical principles and elements. Programmers need to understand how physical principles in the environment affect anatomy--and they also need to be able to communicate really well with artists! Cartoon physics - We're all familiar with hapless characters who fun off a cliff and continue to move horizontally until they realize that oh no! there's not more ground and down they go. Sonic the Hedgehog moves at superspeed, characters survive being crushed by a heavy safe and just about any object can endure the classic "squash and stretch" process. These physical anomalies are intended to provide humor and create improbable situations for superheroes. While we don't necessarily want to see them in Call of Duty, we would feel cheated if they didn't show up in a cartoon or superhero-based game. The bottom line is that while you might be able achieve these important (and expected) game elements without a knowledge of physics, the quality and believability of your product would probably not support a high level of art, action and story without them. Without the appropriate application of physics in a computer or video game, you might as well be attacking creeping coins or going through a maze of twisty little passages. As Alice said, "What is the use of a book without pictures . . .?" _______________________________ [sup]3[/sup] Carroll, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
  3. Hiring Managers: Vetting Game Programmers [size=2]By: Marc Mencher - Game Programmer gone GameRecruiter So you're in that blue sky brain-storming session and there are a ton of awesome ideas up on the board, and then someone says, "This is GREAT! Now we need someone who can make it work like that." Yep, you need a programmer. And not just any programmer. You need someone who can push the envelope, work with all the teams and fit into and grow with your company's culture. That's the moment your Quest begins . . . There's a lot of "ebb 'n flow" these days and a lot of open jobs. A lot of people are getting hands-on experience, thanks to the ease of making small social games. Their work is easier to see but harder to vet. There are programmers at big companies whose projects are either ending or whose companies are downsizing (or closing), but there may be relocation issues that have to be considered in addition to salaries. To increase the odds of making the best hire for your company, you want to develop a basic "vetting" system that looks at traditional and non-traditional aspects of your potential new programmer. [color=rgb(0,0,255)]Step 1: The Job Description[/color] Before you write the job description, be sure you have a good understanding of what various job titles mean. Terms like developer, programmer and engineer aren't always interchangeable. A QA person might be called an engineer at one company, while developer might refer to someone other than a programmer. Some programmers prefer engineer because it sounds less like a drudge position. If need be, include a sentence or two that describes what the title means at your company. Figure out what you want your new hire to do, then write a job description that clearly states you're required and preferred criteria. Aim for something between "as long as you're breathing" and "must have a Masters Degree in everything." (Hint: It's pretty easy to spot a job req that's been customized for someone you've already decided to hire.) Here are some things to look for: Deep interest in gaming, both as a programmer AND a player. This used to be designated as "avid gamer" but what does "avid gamer" mean any more? Of course candidates are going to tell you they're avid gamers! Wide variety of gaming genres (ok, at least two!) If you make MMOs or FPS games only, specify that you want someone whose interest and passion is in your genre. Want someone with corporate-culture experience? These days, that's different from "must have shipped an AAA game" because small companies can ship AAA titles too. Let candidates know if some kind of testing will be administered. If you have questions about the legality of testing, check with your HR department, and if they don't know, get the info from someone who does, like your state's employment agency. Surprising an interviewee with an on-the-spot test (the formal kind) can be grounds for action, and not the good kind. Be clear about your interview agenda. Will candidates be asked to undergo both "personal" and "technical" interviews? Do you want to see a demo of the candidate's work? Do you want to see it online by yourself? Ask for a CD or URL. Because of proprietary software and NDAs, be willing to look at open source work and/or game modding. Does your formal application allow for an attached resume, or will the candidate be required to fill it out? Will the candidate be asked to provide a salary history? Letting interviewees know this in advance saves you time and helps reduce the normal anxiety that comes with interviewing. (It also tells you if the candidate can read and follow directions.) [color=rgb(0,0,255)]Step 2: The Resume[/color] Read the resume before the interview. This may sound sort of "duh" but looking at the resume in front of the candidate sends a message (intentional or otherwise) that this interview is either inconvenient or a pro forma exercise so the company can hire the person it REALLY wants. Reading the resume in advance gives you a chance to come up with specific questions. Check out the companies listed on the resume. How long has the candidate worked at the past few companies? Are any of them start-ups? Do you really want someone who has moved quickly up the ranks and name-drops like crazy but has no real experience? [color=rgb(0,0,255)]Step 3a: The Interview[/color] If someone in HR is doing the initial interview (other than having the candidate fill out paperwork,) be sure you've reviewed the job reqs with that staff member, and provided some initial questions you'd like them to ask the candidate. Letting someone with no technical background and/or real industry knowledge conduct the initial interview might let a fast-talking candidate in the door and a good one get away. Everyone who's participating in the interview should be prepared (i.e., has a copy of the resume and has seen the website or CD). If you're including "peer" interviews for the candidate, be sure your staff knows that their job is NOT to scare the candidate way. You know the drill: be prepared, be prompt (and if you might get called away to an emergency, let the candidate know before you start the interview), don't take calls (unless there's a pending emergency). Be focused and ready to listen. As a courtesy, if you're deathly ill, stay home and let a colleague conduct the interview, or make arrangements to do it via Skype or some kind of video conferencing. Having a member of the team with whom the potential hire will be working, preferably the team lead, as part of the interview process is always a good move. While there are many skilled programmers who can fill your job, getting one whose personality meshes well with your other programmers is always a bonus and in some cases, a must.) Remember that these people will be working very closely with each other, often in frustrating circumstances (the dreaded crunch time, for instance), and an argumentative or disruptive team member can cause a hit to productivity. Personality and work ethic is just as important as skill set, especially when you've got a small team, a tight schedule and no money to spare. [color=rgb(0,0,255)]Step 3b: Interview Testing[/color] Assuming you're cleared for testing, use simple programming or logic tests. Asking very specific questions, like hex and terminology definitions, isn't the most effective way to evaluate a programmer's ability to code because rote answers don't tell you how the candidate programmer THINKS. Recent grads will probably be able to answer "arcane" questions because the info is fresh in their heads but is that what you really need? Good programmers like to solve puzzles, riddles and mysteries rather than apply canned solutions. The right candidate will have some basic problem-solving skills in addition to specific programming knowledge. Propose a simple programming issue and ask the candidate how s/he would handle it. Maybe a brain teaser or a suggestion for a modification to your product, which has the added benefit of showing you how well the candidate prepared for the interview. A good type of coding question is one that has several answers; ask your prospective hire to give you the most optimized solution. You can quickly gauge how well he/she thinks and solves problems based on the answer. Someone who consistently picks the most obvious but less optimized answers is good for entry level positions, but if you're hiring for senior positions, you'll want people who can think on their feet, understand the need for optimization and have good reasoning behind their choices. Here's an example of a good question: [indent=1] Every number between 1 and 100 has been inserted into an array of 99 integers in random order, with a random number missing. What's the most optimized and memory-efficient way of figuring out which number is missing? A weak answer would be to create 100 flags, then loop through the array and log each number, and subsequently loop through the flags to find the missing one. A stronger answer would be to loop through the array and add them all up into a single integer, then subtract the answer from 5050 (the sum of all the numbers between 1 and 100). An even stronger answer would be to sort the array, then loop through until a number gets skipped. If you want to ask technical questions, avoid asking hypotheticals like what types of inheritance or global variables appear in a CPP file or polymorphisms or singletons in C++. Instead, present actual situations that are relevant to your product or project (unless, of course, any of those other examples ARE relevant. Bear in mind that the simplest code is, more often than not, the best code. A programmer who loves to pepper the code with unnecessary methods like 'mutable's and 'goto's might not be the best candidate. Likewise, don't ask questions that are overly complicated for your code base. Unless you regularly need inline assembly code, don't ask the hire to describe how to unwrap loops or other overly complicated questions. While it's a great indication of general knowledge, it won't tell you if they'll do a good job. In some circumstances, you may be looking for someone who can not only move forward with a project's code but also knows how to deal with legacy issues in a manner that doesn't involve stopping the entire project and starting over from scratch. It's great when the candidate sees this situation as an interesting challenge but you want to avoid the candidate who claims to be able "fix anything." [color=rgb(0,0,255)]Step 3c: Interview Questions[/color] Ask the RIGHT questions. Hopefully, the combination of a well-crafted job description and vetted resume has weeded out candidates who aren't right for the job. Does the candidate use/play your product regularly? If you make MMOs, you'll be able to determine the level of immersion and investment pretty quickly. If the candidate gets that glazed look and launches into a Very Detailed Account of her avatar and the last raid, that tells you something, too. "Beware the lone programmer in a room" is an old industry adage that still rings true. You want someone who will fit into your company's culture and actually likes working with other people. Does the candidate seem like someone who will thrive in a high stress team environment (if that's what you've got) or does the candidate seem like someone who's more interested in showing others "how it's done." Consider asking some off-the-wall questions like, Do you prefer cats or dogs? Cake or pie? Summer or winter? And why? An industry veteran interviewing a programmer candidate said, "Tell me a joke." The stunned candidate replied, "Oh. Do you want a funny one? I didn't really prepare anything." That told the interviewer what he needed to know about the candidate's ability to think on his feet. Ask about a "hot" programming topic that's making the rounds on industry boards and at conventions. Is the candidate passionate about one side or the other? Dismissive? Baffled? (Hopefully the candidate will not say, "Well, does that really have anything to do with this job?") Having a sense of humor is actually pretty important in our industry because it reduces the possibility of melt-down at the worse possible moment. Ask candidates what they love about programming. (Hint: "An easy way to earn a living" probably isn't what you want to hear. "I love to solve problems" or "I like to make great games" is better.) What's the biggest thing the candidate worked on that didn't ship? Do they have any idea why it didn't ship? Watch out for indications that the candidate thinks failure was other people's fault. One of the tenets of Agile Development is that failure by one unit is failure by all, so you don't want to hire someone who's more adept at finger-pointing that accepting responsibility and proposing positive solutions. Has the candidate worked in an Agile Development environment and if so, how was it? If it seems that the candidate felt it was intrusive, see if you can determine whether the system was poorly administered or the candidate just doesn't like to be interrupted or told what to do. What was the biggest challenge the candidate has faced as a programmer so far, and how did s/he solve it? (For female programmers, gender bias may be the biggest issue so be sure you stay within the boundaries of what can and can't be asked legally.) Ask question(s) that give you a sense of how flexible the candidate is, how willing to try new approaches, take suggestions and explain solutions. Odds are you probably won't be happy with some hot shot who thinks that everyone else is too simple-minded to understand what he does. (In fact, sometimes this is a red flag that the programmer might not be so good at building strong foundations or accepting responsibility when fixes don't hold together.) If you decide to review the candidate's demo in person, ask what specific portions s/he handled. Obviously, with a small app, it's probably "all the programming" but if it's a big game, the programmer was probably part of a team. Ask about how collaborations worked and whether the programmer's suggestions for game play improvements were considered. Avoid the programmer who says, "Oh, I write the stuff but I don't play the game." Here are some questions on the "lighter" side: What do you like about gaming? What was the first computer or console game you played? What was your first computer? What's your favorite game and why? What's your favorite book? Movie? TV show? Do you prefer open worlds or well-defined quest lines? Do you think a game should/can have both? What's your favorite character class? How would you briefly describe the mechanics of your favorite game to a non-programmer? Do you usually play games to the end? What's your Beta test experience? (No, you're not looking for a QA person BUT it doesn't hurt to hire a programmer who thinks like a QA person at least a little, as in being able to vet their own work before they hand off a fix as "done.") What's your favorite game of ours and why? (If you've only published one game, they better have played it! And listen for their own words--if they sound like they're parroting what they read about your game, it's entirely possible they haven't actually played it.) If you could work in any other area of our industry, what would it be and why? What makes a game fun for you? (No, you're not hiring a game designer BUT the programmer's job is to make the designer's vision work.) If time and money was no object, give me a quick pitch for a game idea. (No, you're not hiring a marketing person but you want your employees to be well-rounded and be able to communicate with each other.) Although there's no single magic formula for hiring the best programmer, you've got a lot of tools at your command that will give you a pretty good sense of which candidate has the right skills and is the best fit for your company. +++++++++++ Marc Mencher Biography: Game Programmer / Technical Producer-turned-Recruiter and Career Coach, Marc Mencher has been in the Game Industry for 27 years. He is the founder and CEO of GameRecruiter Marc began his career working for Spectrum Holobyte, Microprose and The 3DO Company. While he enjoyed coding, through the experience of developing product and leading teams, he realized that his true passion was helping people plan and manage their careers. Marc is the author of "Get in the Game!" an instructional book on building a career in the video game industry. His articles have been featured in a variety of industry publications. He is a speaker at game industry conferences and volunteers as an advisory board member for several colleges. Marc has been interviewed on television and radio as an expert on working in the videogames industry. His detailed bio can be found at Along with his team of Recruiter / Career Agents, Marc has had the pleasure of representing the game industry's hottest talent, and has helped thousands of people manage their career and obtain strategically important game jobs. Integrity and confidentiality are the cornerstones of his success. ? Special Thank You: Kody Kahrizi for participating in this article. Kody is a talented game programmer with over 10 years of experience. Specialized in Animation and Gameplay coding. He began his career teaching C++, physics, engine development, software architecture, etc... for Full Sail University's Game Programming degrees. He then joined EA Tiburon working on multiple titles under the EA Sports label. Currently he is a Lead Programmer at WMS.
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