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4 replies to this topic

### #1bbuerger  Members

Posted 26 April 2012 - 02:19 AM

Hi there,

I tried to write some simple phong shader but the result looks a bit weird.

I guess that the shader codes are correct and think that the problem is because
of the normals. I calculate them my myself and pass them as vertex normals.

QVector<float> WavefrontObj::calculateNormals(const float *vertices, unsigned int numVertices, const unsigned int *indices, unsigned int numIndices)
{
// Foreach vertice we calculate a normal
QVector<float> vecNormals(numVertices);
for(unsigned int i=0; i<numIndices; )
{
hduVector3Df firstvec = hduVector3Df(&vertices[indices[i+1]*3])-hduVector3Df(&vertices[indices[i]*3]);
hduVector3Df secondvec = hduVector3Df(&vertices[indices[i]*3])-hduVector3Df(&vertices[indices[i+2]*3]);
hduVector3Df normal = crossProduct(firstvec, secondvec);
for(int v=0; v<3; ++v, ++i)
{
unsigned int index = indices[i]*3;
assert(index<numVertices && "Error in vertices");
vecNormals[index]-=normal[0];
vecNormals[index+1]-=normal[1];
vecNormals[index+2]-=normal[2];
}
}
// Normalize all normals
for(int i=0; i<vecNormals.size(); i+=3)
{
hduVector3Df normal(&vecNormals[i]);
normal.normalize();
vecNormals[i]=-normal[0];
vecNormals[i+1]=-normal[1];
vecNormals[i+2]=-normal[2];
}
return vecNormals;
}


The model looks like this

Is there a better way to calculate the normals? I tried calculating them using the geometry shader but this gives the image a facet look.

Thanks for any hints,
bbuerger

### #2RobinsonUK  Members

Posted 26 April 2012 - 10:30 AM

Are you sharing vertices between edges? If you are, you'll have problems because the normal on the outside flat surface needs to be different to the normal on the inside circular surface.

Posted 26 April 2012 - 11:11 AM

Flat edges should NEVER share vertices. You need to manually in a 3d program separate the inner cylinder from the rest of the model, then separate all flat sides of the remaining cube.

### #4bbuerger  Members

Posted 26 April 2012 - 03:57 PM

Yes I have no duplicate edges. Thanks for the hints then I will recreate my model or search for a program that create duplicate vertices if the angle is too big.

### #5bbuerger  Members

Posted 27 April 2012 - 04:58 AM

Ok this solved the problem.
Blender has a modifier edge split that can reinsert the missing vertices automatically.