Lately I've been interested in dual booting with some Linux distribution and trying out Linux. Though with all the different Linux distributions out there I wasn't entirely sure where to start. So I thought I'd ask here as I know their are quite a bit of people here that run Linux. Though I understand the question I ask is very opinionated and will get me a lot of different answers I still thought it'd be worth to attempt to try to get some opinions on where to start.
I don't really have any major requirements or needs that I will be using the OS for, just an OS to spend some time in and using it as a "primary" OS for a little bit (I don't plan on at this time to make it my 100% primary OS, as most of my programming and serious work will take place in Windows).
Though here is what I am looking for:
* Easy to install. I really just don't feel like jumping through a ton of hoops to get it installed
*"Easy" to learn. While I will spend time to get to know it, I am looking for something that won't take a lot of work to find 3rd party software and other tools to use efficiently.
I do not know many Linux commands nor have used it's terminal in quite a while so I'd like to learn some of that too.
So what are some distributions to check out? Start out with? Any getting started guides you'd suggest for me to check out for that distribution? What to install and use to get started doing some basic C++ Programming (I don't plan to do my major C++ programming under Linux right now until I become proficient in it).
Thanks to anyone who can help me!