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# MADE A SIMPLE NEURAL NETWORK, BUT NOT SURE IF I DID IT RIGHT

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9 replies to this topic

### #1kazisami  Members

Posted 26 February 2013 - 10:53 PM

A simple single unit adaptive network:

The network has 2 inputs, and one output. All are binary. The output
is

1 if W0 *I0 + W1 * I1+ Wb > 0

0 if W0 *I0 + W1 * I1+ Wb <= 0

We want it to learn simple OR: output a 1 if either I0 or I1 is 1.

For Solving this problem i have made this-

#include <iostream>

struct Newron
{
int value;
int weight;
};

int main()
{
Newron input_one, input_two, output;
int bias = 0;

input_one.weight = 1;
input_two.weight = 1;

std::cin >> input_one.value;
std::cin >> input_two.value;

output.value = (input_one.value * input_one.weight) + (input_two.value * input_two.weight) + bias;

if(output.value > 0)
std::cout << 1 << std::endl;
else
std::cout << 0 << std::endl;

return 0;
}


Is it the right way?

If not then how it can be done?

Edited by kazisami, 27 February 2013 - 02:30 AM.

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### #2Cornstalks  Members

Posted 26 February 2013 - 11:05 PM

I can't comment, but I'll suggest you a) DON'T MAKE YOUR TITLE LOOK LIKE IT'S SHOUTING, and b) use [ code ][ /code ] (without spaces) tages for code to help with formatting/highlighting.

Good luck!

[ I was ninja'd 71 times before I stopped counting a long time ago ] [ f.k.a. MikeTacular ] [ My Blog ] [ SWFer: Gaplessly looped MP3s in your Flash games ]

### #3kazisami  Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 02:31 AM

I can't comment, but I'll suggest you a) DON'T MAKE YOUR TITLE LOOK LIKE IT'S SHOUTING, and b) use [ code ][ /code ] (without spaces) tages for code to help with formatting/highlighting.

Good luck!

Sorry for the title And i changed the code formatting, but couldn't be able to change the title.

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### #4Tournicoti  Prime Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 07:09 AM

Hello

This seems to be a good start for me

In fact you are precisely describing (wanting ?) Perceptron model

This is pseudo-code :

class Neuron
{
float [] inputs; // (with : true is 1.0f, false is 0.0f)
float [] weights;

Constructor(integer nbInputs)
{
inputs=new array [nbInputs +1] (+1 is for including the bias). Or getting a reference on an external array.
weights=new array [nbInputs +1]

fill the weights array with float random values between -1 and 1
set 1.0f in the position corresponding to the bias in the inputs array(typically, first or last position)
}

float computeOutput()
{
sum=dotProduct(inputs,weights);
return sum>0.0f;
}

void learn(float desiredOutput,float learningRate) // adaptation of the weights
{
float output=computeOutput();
float deltaOutput=desiredOutput-output; (so -1.0f or 0.0f or 1.0f)

for each position in the arrays
{
weights[i]+=learningRate*inputs[i]*deltaOutput;
}
}

};


Hope it makes sense

for a OR, it should converge with : w1=w2=lambda, and wBias=0. With lambda>0

Good luck

Edited by Tournicoti, 02 March 2013 - 09:10 AM.

### #5kazisami  Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 07:45 AM

Hello

This seems to be a good start for me

In fact you are precisely describing (wanting ?) Perceptron model

This is pseudo-code :

class Neuron
{
float [] inputs; // (with : true is 1.0f, false is 0.0f)
float [] weights; //idem

Constructor(integer nbInputs)
{
inputs=new array [nbInputs +1] (+1 is for including the bias). Or getting a reference on an external array.
weights=new array [nbInputs +1]

fill the weights array with float random values between -1 and 1
set 1.0f in the position corresponding to the bias in the inputs array(typically, first or last position)
}

float computeOutput()
{
sum=dotProduct(inputs,weights);
return sum>0.0f;
}

void learn(float desiredOutput,float learningRate) // adaptation of the weights
{
float output=computeOutput();
float deltaOutput=desiredOutput-output; (so -1.0f or 0.0f or 1.0f)

for each position in the arrays
{
weights[i]+=learningRate*inputs[i]*deltaOutput;
}
}

};


Hope it makes sense

for a OR, it should converge with : w1=lambda, w2=lambda, et wBias=0, lambda>0

Good luck

Thank you very much Most of the part is clear to me, but I didn't understood the learningRate argument in the learn() method. Do I have to adjust it so that the network can learn or adjust weight on its own?

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### #6Tournicoti  Prime Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 08:52 AM

The learning rate is just an user-defined constant, here. It's usually a value between 0 and 1.

It's like defining the 'step' of the adaptation.

I would suggest to try low values first  (0.2 ? even less ?) because inputs[i]*deltaOutput is here a huge value : -1 or 0 or 1 !

Afterwards, the goal is to maximize the learning rate so that the learning process is quicker but still accurate enough for the wanted approximation.

Hope I'm still clear (sorry for my english, I'm getting tired )

Bye

Edited by Tournicoti, 27 February 2013 - 10:26 AM.

### #7kazisami  Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 09:59 AM

Don't worry, your english is as awesome as your explanation I am getting a hold of this, but I need to experiment a lot before I can understand it clearly. But you answered my question and that's enough for starting experiment without any confusion.

Thanks a lot for your help

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### #8Tournicoti  Prime Members

Posted 27 February 2013 - 10:25 AM

Edited by Tournicoti, 27 February 2013 - 10:38 AM.

### #9Tournicoti  Prime Members

Posted 28 February 2013 - 06:56 PM

I would like to add another little thing :

What I described is the Perceptron as it was designed by Frank Rosenblatt (original version)

However there's another (very slightly different !) version in which -1 and 1 are used instead of 0 and 1 to encode booleans.

In term of learning efficiency it's better because  :

• with 0 and 1, the weights will evolve only when deltaOutput is not zero and input is not zero.
• with -1 and 1, the weights will always evolves when deltaOutput is not zero.

And this is 'nothing' to change :

• change input encoding (so no more 0 and 1, but -1 and 1)
• change the activation function :  sum>0.0f ? 1.0f : -1.0f

Bye

### #10kazisami  Members

Posted 01 March 2013 - 01:35 AM

Thanks again for the help. You know what, I was going to ask you the same thing. I was looking for some other neural networks, then I came across Hopfield network and there is a step when we need to convert the boolean(1 and 0) to 1 and -1. Then I was thinking if this could be done with Perceptron too. And before I could ask, you answered it

Edited by kazisami, 01 March 2013 - 01:36 AM.

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