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## Proper shutdown for SDL 1.2 with OpenGL

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2 replies to this topic

### #1Ender1618  Members

Posted 11 October 2013 - 10:03 PM

I am using SDL 1.2 in a minimal fashion to create a cross platform OpenGL context (this is on Win7 64bit) in C++. I also use glew to have my context support OpenGL 4.2 (which my driver supports).

Things work correctly at run-time but I have been noticing lately a random crash when shutting down on calling SDL_Quit.

What is the proper sequence for SDL (1.2) with OpenGL start up and shutdown?

Here is what i do currently:

    int MyObj::Initialize(int width, int height, bool vsync, bool fullscreen)
{
if(SDL_Init( SDL_INIT_EVERYTHING ) < 0)
{
printf("SDL_Init failed: %s\n", SDL_GetError());
return 0;
}

SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_RED_SIZE,         8);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE,       8);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE,        8);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_ALPHA_SIZE,       8);

SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE,       24);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_STENCIL_SIZE,       8);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_BUFFER_SIZE,     24);

SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLEBUFFERS,  0);
SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL,  vsync ? 1 : 0);

if((m_SurfDisplay = SDL_SetVideoMode(width, height, 24,
SDL_HWSURFACE |
SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER |
(fullscreen ? SDL_FULLSCREEN : 0) |
SDL_OPENGL)) == NULL)
{
printf("SDL_SetVideoMode failed: %s\n", SDL_GetError());
return 0;
}

GLenum err = glewInit();
if (GLEW_OK != err)
return 0;

m_Running = true;
return 1;
}

int MyObj::Shutdown()
{
SDL_FreeSurface(m_SurfDisplay);
SDL_Quit();

return 1;
}
In between the init and shutdown calls i create a number of GL resources (e.g. Textures, VBOs, VAO, Shaders, etc.) and render my scene each frame, with a SDL_GL_SwapBuffers() at the end of each frame (pretty typical). Like so:

    int MyObject::Run()
{
SDL_Event Event;

while(m_Running)
{
while(SDL_PollEvent(&Event))
{ OnEvent(&Event); } //this eventually causes m_Running to be set to false on "esc"

ProcessFrame();
SDL_SwapBuffers();
}
return 1;
}
Within the ~MyObject MyObject::Shutdown() is called. Where just recently SDL_Quit crashes the app. I have also tried call Shutdown instead outside of the destructor, after my render loop returns to the same effect.

One thing that I do not do (that i didn't think I needed to do) is call the glDelete* functions for all my allocated GL resources before calling Shutdown (i thought they would automatically be cleaned up by the destruction of the context, which i assumed was happening during SDL_FreeSurface or SDL_Quit(). I of course call the glDelete* function in the dtors of there wrapping objects, which eventually get called by the tale of ~MyObject, since the wrapper objects are part of other objects that are members of MyObject.

As an experiment i trying forcing all the appropriate glDelete* calls to occur before Shutdown(), and my crash never seems to occur. Funny thing i did not need to do this a week ago, and really nothing has changed according to GIT (may be wrong though).

Is it really necessary to make sure all GL resources are freed before calling MyObject::Shutdown with SDL? Does it look like I might be doing something else wrong?

Thanks for any insights.

### #2AgentC  Members

Posted 12 October 2013 - 07:04 AM

Shutting down SDL destroys the OpenGL context, after which all OpenGL calls such as glDelete* will be illegal and likely result in a crash. The destructors for the members of MyObject will be called after the destructor of MyObject, and if that involves any OpenGL calls, that's likely the crash you're experiencing.

It would be a good habit to keep track and destroy the OpenGL resources before shutting down the context. It's not absolutely vital for desktop OpenGL programming, but good preparation for other APIs. For example on Direct3D9 you must be able to delete then recreate all your non-managed graphics resources whenever the device is lost, eg. when the user alt-tabs away and back to your application.

Every time you add a boolean member variable, God kills a kitten. Every time you create a Manager class, God kills a kitten. Every time you create a Singleton...

### #3Ender1618  Members

Posted 14 October 2013 - 04:25 PM

BTW I was told that the call to SDL_FreeSurface in shutdown I was doing was incorrect and that SDL would handle the destruction of the surface during quit, so I am not calling SDL_FreeSurface anymore. But I still get the crash and its random.

I understand calling glDetele* after SDL_Quit could be a problem, but the crash seems to occur when calling SDL_Quit, not during the destructors of my gl object wrappers that call glDelete*. Why would that be?

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