• Announcements

    • khawk

      Download the Game Design and Indie Game Marketing Freebook   07/19/17

      GameDev.net and CRC Press have teamed up to bring a free ebook of content curated from top titles published by CRC Press. The freebook, Practices of Game Design & Indie Game Marketing, includes chapters from The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, and An Architectural Approach to Level Design. The GameDev.net FreeBook is relevant to game designers, developers, and those interested in learning more about the challenges in game development. We know game development can be a tough discipline and business, so we picked several chapters from CRC Press titles that we thought would be of interest to you, the GameDev.net audience, in your journey to design, develop, and market your next game. The free ebook is available through CRC Press by clicking here. The Curated Books The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, Second Edition, by Jesse Schell Presents 100+ sets of questions, or different lenses, for viewing a game’s design, encompassing diverse fields such as psychology, architecture, music, film, software engineering, theme park design, mathematics, anthropology, and more. Written by one of the world's top game designers, this book describes the deepest and most fundamental principles of game design, demonstrating how tactics used in board, card, and athletic games also work in video games. It provides practical instruction on creating world-class games that will be played again and again. View it here. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, by Joel Dreskin Marketing is an essential but too frequently overlooked or minimized component of the release plan for indie games. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing provides you with the tools needed to build visibility and sell your indie games. With special focus on those developers with small budgets and limited staff and resources, this book is packed with tangible recommendations and techniques that you can put to use immediately. As a seasoned professional of the indie game arena, author Joel Dreskin gives you insight into practical, real-world experiences of marketing numerous successful games and also provides stories of the failures. View it here. An Architectural Approach to Level Design This is one of the first books to integrate architectural and spatial design theory with the field of level design. The book presents architectural techniques and theories for level designers to use in their own work. It connects architecture and level design in different ways that address the practical elements of how designers construct space and the experiential elements of how and why humans interact with this space. Throughout the text, readers learn skills for spatial layout, evoking emotion through gamespaces, and creating better levels through architectural theory. View it here. Learn more and download the ebook by clicking here. Did you know? GameDev.net and CRC Press also recently teamed up to bring GDNet+ Members up to a 20% discount on all CRC Press books. Learn more about this and other benefits here.
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0
  • entries
    83
  • comments
    0
  • views
    65134

How to resample a signal without aliasing

Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0
shawnhar

364 views

My previous post described how resampling a signal can cause aliasing problems. The worst problems occur when dramatically reducing the number of samples used to represent a signal, or when the source includes lots of high frequency detail. Specifically, there is a magic value called the Nyquist frequency, which is half the rate at which are you taking output samples. If the source signal contains information with a higher frequency than this threshold, you will have aliasing problems.

To put this another way: in order to avoid aliasing, you must take at least twice as many output samples as the finest detail in your input signal.

That leaves us with basically just two ways to avoid aliasing:

  1. Take more output samples
  2. Or have less fine detail in the input signal
    1. Smooth (aka. blur) the input data to remove fine detail
    2. Or smooth (aka. filter) on the fly as we read our sample values
Option 2.1 can often be applied to the input data as a preprocess, which makes it very efficient. But this is no good if we need to sample the data at different frequencies depending on the situation! (for instance textures often need to be scaled by different amounts depending on distance from the camera). If we pre-smooth our input data according to the lowest frequency we will ever sample it at, the result will be excessively blurry when sampled at higher frequencies. Or if we pre-smooth to match a higher frequency, we will still have aliasing when sampling at the lower rate.

Option 2.2 can dynamically adjust to different sampling frequencies, but tends to be expensive to implement, as it must average many different samples from slightly different locations in the input.

A third option is to declare this whole digital sampling business a mug's game and refuse to play at all. In some situations it is possible to work entirely with mathematical equations, transforming one signal into another by applying mathematical transformations to the equations which describe them. This approach inherently avoids digital approximation, so will not produce any aliasing, but the math tends to get very complex. It is not widely used in realtime computer graphics, but many offline renderers (eg. RenderMan) work this way.

Ok, that's enough theory. Next, let's get practical...

aggbug.aspx?PostID=10156489

Source

0
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0


0 Comments


There are no comments to display.

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now