# View Matrix Rotation

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Hello everyone, I am pretty new to game/graphics programming. I am trying to do a bit of learning with WebGl. I am trying to get a camera to rotate around a cube.

I thought I could do this with a bit of spherical math. I am targeting the camera at (0,0,0), which is where my cube is. I would like to rotate around in a circle. I am going for the type of camera you might see in a platformer. Where the camera fixes on one point and then can rotate about that point, move up and down, and follow the point.

Here is where I set the camera position (the view matrix):

var a = 10 * Math.cos(0);

cameraPosition[1] = 10 * Math.sin(0);


Now with phi = 0, everything works as expected. I am facing the cube dead on.

However if I set phi to PI / 4 or 45 degrees, then everything seems to tilt, and I rotate through the floor while still targeting 0, 0, 0.

I am pretty sure the code that is incorrect is where I set my View Matrix. I've tried the spherical math a few different ways, with the same result, and conceptually I think that I understand that a lot better than I do the View Matrix math.

Here is my code for setting the View Matrix:

var z = vec3.create();
var x = vec3.create();
var y = vec3.create();
vec3.subtract(z, cameraPosition, cameraTarget);
vec3.normalize(z, z);
vec3.cross(x, cameraUp, z)
vec3.normalize(x, x);
vec3.cross(y, z, x);

vMatrix[0] = x[0];
vMatrix[1] = x[1];
vMatrix[2] = x[2];
vMatrix[3] = 0;
vMatrix[4] = y[0];
vMatrix[5] = y[1];
vMatrix[6] = y[2];
vMatrix[7] = 0;
vMatrix[8] = z[0];
vMatrix[9] = z[1];
vMatrix[10] = z[2];
vMatrix[11] = 0;
vMatrix[12] = -vec3.dot(x, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[13] = -vec3.dot(y, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[14] = -vec3.dot(z, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[15] = 1;


Here is the code to set my cameraPosition, target, and up vectors, of course I am changing camera position to be the values I think I need, in the code at the beginning of this post.

var cameraTarget = vec3.fromValues(0, 0, 0);
var cameraPosition = vec3.fromValues(0, 0, 0);
var cameraUp = vec3.fromValues(0, 1, 0);

If anyone can spot what I am doing wrong, or help me out conceptually, that would be much appreciated. I've been trying different things for the better part of 4 hours.

Thank you.

Chris

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var a = 10 * Math.cos(0);

cameraPosition[1] = 10 * Math.sin(0);

Rad is variable and a is constantly 10, so the mathematical vector you're constructing is always [10*c,0,10*s], what will be vector rotating in circle that horizontal plane(ground) contains with radius 10. What is what you're observing, but the tilt has nothing to do with this. It would likely be coused by the up vector provided to view matrix function not being 0,1,0, but rotated too. Do you rotate your up vector or use constantly (0,1,0)?

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Hey, thank you for the reply.

cameraUp, or the up vector is only set once to (0,1,0) and then it is never changed.

If I debug and look at the value of camera up, it is (0,1,0) every frame.

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For those interested, I have figured out the problem.

It was indeed my calculation of vMatrix or the view matrix.

Here is the correct code:

vec3.subtract(z, cameraPosition, cameraTarget);
vec3.normalize(z, z);

vec3.cross(x, cameraUp, z)
vec3.normalize(x, x);

vec3.cross(y, z, x);

vMatrix[0] = x[0];
vMatrix[1] = y[0];
vMatrix[2] = z[0];
vMatrix[3] = 0;
vMatrix[4] = x[1];
vMatrix[5] = y[1];
vMatrix[6] = z[1];
vMatrix[7] = 0;
vMatrix[8] = x[2];
vMatrix[9] = y[2];
vMatrix[10] = z[2];
vMatrix[11] = 0;
vMatrix[12] = -vec3.dot(x, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[13] = -vec3.dot(y, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[14] = -vec3.dot(z, cameraPosition);
vMatrix[15] = 1;


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