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About Tape_Worm

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  1. Tape_Worm

    Entity Component Systems and Data Oriented Design

    I, for one, would be quite interested in this. I spend a good chunk of my day reviewing code at work for poor design decisions that violate SOLID principles, and it'd be nice to see your point of view on what constitutes a violation of SOLID and ideas on how to best repair those violations.
  2. I agree. Also, I'd like to add that anything politics related should be hidden from the main topic stream on the front page (at least give me the option to filter it). If people want to talk shit politics, then they should have to go looking for it explicitly. It gets very tiresome and annoying (and occasionally rage inducing) whenever I see some idiot ranting about their "free speech" being suppressed because the world at large is telling them it's not OK to be racist/homophobic/misogynistic/transphobic/gay frogs/Alex Jones/etc... on my front page feed. For the most part, I rarely participate in these types of conversations because I personally believe people don't want to learn or be educated and just want to be right. It's a waste of my time and energy to deal with them or even read their nonsense. And I certainly wouldn't go seeking it out on my own, so having them show up like that provides me with absolutely no value whatsoever. Political conversation has its place and outright banning it would be a mistake. But, given the current state of things, it's a topic that needs very special handling and a zero tolerance approach. I don't think suppressing the rating/voting system is a good idea either. Frankly, some of us just want to tell people they're idiots without getting into a long drawn out argument (an argument that is a waste of time because people will double down on their stupidity more often than not). I think it's an OK (not perfect) mechanism to show people that their kind of backwards thinking is not wanted or appreciated and they should consider going elsewhere without having to write a thesis.
  3. Tape_Worm


    Awesome, thanks for the explanation. I managed to make it all work out by just transforming my quads instead and leaving the camera fixed. By doing that (and countless other small adjustments...) I got the end result I wanted: I did this all with my 2D API that I've been writing off and on over the last... well... very long time.
  4. So, I'm using PerspectiveOffCenterLH (in SharpDX, but that should not matter) to project perspective correct stuff into screen space. Up until last night, it was working well. I could translate on all axes, and I can rotate on the Z axis just fine. So I added y-axis rotation for giggles and that's when things went all weird. Every time I rotated about the Y-axis, my geometry (a simple quad) gets distorted. Now, I have to admit to being a dumbass when it comes to linear algebra, and it's been a very long time since I've had to deal with a projection matrix directly, so it could be that I'm using the wrong tool for the job due to my ignorance. Basically it looks like the vertices on each side stretch off into the distance (more and more as I rotate): I'd like to note that I have another app, where I'm using PerspectiveFovLH, and that's working just fine. So again, this very well could be a case of "the wrong tool for the job". Here's the code I'm using to build up my stuff: // Matrix construction code. Anchor is 0, 0 for now, so we can ignore it. // ViewDimensions is the width and height of the render target. var anchor = DX.Vector2.Zero; DX.Matrix.PerspectiveOffCenterLH(-anchor.X, ViewDimensions.Width - anchor.X, ViewDimensions.Height - anchor.Y, -anchor.Y, MinimumDepth, MaximumDepth, out ProjectionMatrix); // This is my code for combining my view + projection DX.Matrix.Multiply(ref ViewMatrix, ref ProjectionMatrix, out ViewProjectionMatrix); // And this is my code for building the view. DX.Matrix translation = DX.Matrix.Identity; DX.Matrix.RotationYawPitchRoll(_yaw.ToRadians(), 0, _roll.ToRadians(), out DX.Matrix rotation); // NOTE: This doesn't work either. //DX.Matrix.RotateY(_yaw.ToRadians()); DX.Matrix.Multiply(ref rotation, ref translation, out ViewMatrix); // My code in the vertex shader is pretty simple: Vertex output = input; output.position = mul(ViewProjection, output.position); return output; The order of operations is indeed correct. It works just fine when I don't rotate on the Y (or X - but that's not important for today) axis. So, yeah, can someone tell me if I'm dumb and using the wrong projection matrix type? And if I can, an explanation for it would be much appreciated to so I don't make this mistake again (don't go too math crazy, I'm old and my math skills are worse than ever - talk to me like I'm 5).
  5. Tape_Worm

    Gorgon v3 – Animation

    I got the rework of the animation system for v3 done and up on the git hubs. Naturally, I took this awesome video of it. It’s a music video. But not just any music video. A very bad, cheesy 80’s music video (the best kind). Of course, the music is metal \m/ (done, very poorly, by yours truly). Anyway, that’s all. View the full article
  6. So, it’s been a long time since I’ve posted anything here. Mostly because I’ve not been writing much code in the last while and real life has been my focus. Since I’ve been gone, I’ve become a software architect at my job, and that keeps me quite busy. Gorgon I’ve uploaded Gorgon v2 (such as it is) to Git. I’m not entirely happy with that version, and frankly I lost my motivation to finish it. As it is, it’s feature complete, but may have bugs. However, the editor application is in an unfinished state (it’s usable, but it’s got issues). From time to time I toyed with making a new version, but never really had the motivation to go beyond prototyping. I tried using Unreal and Unity, and while those things are quite impressive, they seem to … I dunno, lack something. Especially in the 2D arena. Also, as a programmer, and an oldschool one at that, it felt quite unnatural to use an editor like that to build up stuff. However. Lately I’ve been in a fit of watching game documentaries on Youtube (and oddly enough, CBC.ca), and while watching a documentary series on game developers from the 80’s (henceforth known as the best decade), I felt compelled to have another kick at the can. So, how’s it going? Well.. it’s going quite well. I’ve got the core graphics library done, and the 2D renderer is well under way (I can render text and sprites). I’ve opted to learn how modern rendering engines do their thing to see if I can get some inspiration for performance improvements. And I did. The core Gorgon library now renders using a stateless drawing mechanism where an immutable draw call object, configured with immutable pipeline states (similar to how D3D 12 does a PSO). It’s quite a departure from the older versions. But, I’ve seen some impressive performance gains because of this. I’ve also decided that I absolutely HATE Direct3D 12. I get it, it’s wonderful for squeezing every last ounce of performance from your machine so you can get incredible visuals. But it is a complicated beast, leaving it to the developer to control almost every aspect of programming the GPU. It kind of reminds me of Immediate mode back in the D3D 3.0 days (nowhere near that bad though). So, to that end, I’ve decided to base Gorgon’s core graphics API on the latest (at least, latest available in SharpDX) version of Direct 3D 11, which is 11.4. Honestly, from all I’ve seen, Microsoft has no intention of abandoning 11.x since it has a firmly rooted place in development due to how much simpler it is to use over 12. That may change in the future, but for now it’s good enough for me. And this is likely to piss some people off: This new version of Gorgon requires Windows 10. And no, I don’t care to hear about how I’m being spied on. So, you’re probably wondering hows the performance of the rendering in the 2D API? Well, see the image: Yes, that’s 131072 sprites, plus text, rendering at above 60 FPS. That’s running on a GeForce 1080 GTX. A pretty high end GPU. And you might think… “well, for that GPU, 70+ fps isn’t that great” But keep in mind, those are alpha blended, textured, animated sprites (all 131072 of them). This little test/example app has been with me since 1.0 and it’s served me well as a quasi benchmark. To give you an idea of how much of an improvement this is from v1 to now (all on the 1080): V1 – ~15 FPS with the same number of sprites, and a lower window resolution (800×600 vs 1280×800). This version used D3D 9 V2 – 28-30 FPS. Same resolution, using D3D 11.0 V3 – Well.. look at the screen shot. It’s an improvement. So yeah, that’s where I’m at. Will I keep going and release this? Who knows… I do have a v3.0 branch up on the GitHub repo, which contains just the core API for now (which, sadly has some bugs that I’ve since patched while creating the 2D API). So, if you want, you can grab it, and mess around with it. Just keep in mind that I offer no support for that version, and it will change over time and may break your stuff. View the full article
  7. Tape_Worm

    VSSetConstantBuffers1 Problems

    It's 256 minimum if you're going to offset into the buffer with xxSetConstantBuffers1. I can assume, if you don't offset into the buffer, the size is still an actual minimum of 16 bytes.
  8. Tape_Worm

    VSSetConstantBuffers1 Problems

    Oh I know. It just makes things harder to explain when documenting the functionality I'm writing. Especially since I've had it drilled in to me that cbuffers need 16 byte alignment. Besides, I only need 1 matrix. Whatever would I do with 2? That's just madness.
  9. Tape_Worm

    VSSetConstantBuffers1 Problems

    And... of course... I just figured that out. I had misread the documentation, so I'd thought it was 16 bytes per element. That said, isn't that kind of wasteful? I mean, if a matrix is 64 bytes, and each element is 256 bytes, that leaves a lot of unused space. I had assumed constant buffer elements were laid out using 16 byte alignments, and that viewing into them in this way would follow similar alignment rules.
  10. Tape_Worm

    VSSetConstantBuffers1 Problems

    Well, when I use anything less than a multiple of 16, the debug spew complains that I'm not using a multiple of 16.
  11. So I've been playing around today with some things in D3D 11.1, specifically the constant buffer offset stuff. And just FYI, I'm doing this in C# with SharpDX (latest version). I got everything set up, I have my constant buffer populating with data during each frame, and calling VSSetConstantBuffers1 and passing in the offset/count as needed. But, unfortunately, I get nothing on my screen. If I go back to using the older D3D11 SetConstantBuffers method (without the offset/count), everything works great. I get nothing from the D3D runtime debug spew, and a look in the graphics debugger stuff tells me that my constant buffer does indeed have data at the offsets that I'm providing. And the data (World * Projection matrix) is correct at each offset. The offsets, according again to the graphics debugger, are correct. I could be using it incorrectly, but what little (and seriously, there's not a lot) info I found seems to indicate that I'm doing it correctly. But here's my workflow (I'd post code, but it's rather massive): Frame #0: Map constant buffer with discard Write matrix at offset 0, count 64 Unmap VSSetConstantBuffers1(0, 1, buffers, new int[] { offset }, new int[] { count }); // Where offset is the offset above, same with count Draw single triangle Frame #1: Map constant buffer with no-overwrite Write matrix at offset 64, count 64. Unmap VSSetConstantBuffers1(0, 1, buffers, new int[] { offset }, new int[] { count }); // Where offset is the offset above, same with count Draw single triangle Etc... it repeats until the end of the buffer, and starts over with a discard when the buffer is full. Has anyone ever used these offset cbuffer functions before? Can you help a brother out? Edit: I've added screenshots of what I'm seeing the VS 2017 graphics debugger. As I said before, if I use the old VSSetConstantBuffers method, it works like a charm and I see my triangle.
  12. Tape_Worm

    Programming Languages

    I hemmed and hawed over whether or not to point this out (I hate being the "um, actually" guy... it's annoying). But considering that this is "For Beginners", I feel it's important that newer programmers have accurate information. Especially since I see so many people come in to my work place with a BSc in Comp Sci and end up having lot of trouble understanding the tools they're using due to bad information, or misconceptions derived from observation. C#, as in the language that comes with .NET/Visual Studio, or Mono, is most certainly not interpreted. That said, it could be interpreted, just as C++ could be interpreted. But for all intents and purposes, it is not. C# with .NET/Mono compiles down to IL (intermediate language, it looks similar to assembly), and then the JIT (Just In Time) compiler compiles the IL into native machine code. Remember: JIT != Interpreted. Interpreted languages are not converted to assembly. They're executed by an interpreter. Hence why they're called "interpreted". From wikipedia: Be aware that any interpreted language is likely going to be much slower than a compiled one. Does that matter? The answer, like so many answers when it comes to Gamedev is: It depends. But just throwing that out there, because it often does impact the decision of so many developers, gaming and otherwise. I can't speak for Python, but I think JavaScript is a little more murky on the subject especially depending on the browser you're using. However, I am not an expert in either language so someone else might be able to clear that up.
  13. I don't know if it's possible, but it'd be real nice if we could customize our front page portal. I just noticed the current layout change when I logged in, and I found it quite jarring and busy looking. I mean, I'll get used to it, so it's no big deal. But still, it'd be nice if we could define our own layout. Also, you could offer it exclusively to one (or more) of your GDNet+ tiers, thereby incentivizing people to sign up for that feature (I would upgrade my account for this + ad free in a heartbeat). To give an example: I really don't need (or want) the sections about contractors, game jobs, image of the day, upcoming events, who's online, etc... It'd be nice if I could hide these or collapse them in some way. I know this would not be trivial to implement, but if ever you get everything done, and you're so totally bored that you need something to do, then this is something you might want to consider?
  14. Tape_Worm

    visual studio code

    It'd be helpful if you told us what you did to solve it, if only to avoid this: https://xkcd.com/979/
  15. Tape_Worm

    Upvoting and Downvoting

    Yep that did it. I see it now. Thanks
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